Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 11, 2014, wet, cool conditions persisted and measureable rain fall was recorded in most areas of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures were below normal except for the southeast corner of the state. Activities included spreading fertilizer, planting row crops, and caring for livestock. Statewide, there were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 10 short, 81 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 84 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 33 fair, 62 good, and 2 excellent.

Spring wheat was 74 percent planted, ahead of 72 last year but behind the five-year average of 83. Twenty-eight percent of spring wheat had emerged, ahead of 18 last year but behind 49 average.

Oats planted rated 74 percent complete, compared to 76 last year and 80 average. Forty-five percent of oats had emerged, ahead of 20 last year and near 44 average.

Barley planted was 50 percent complete, behind 66 last year and 68 average. Barley emerged was 7 percent, near 8 last year but behind 34 average.

Corn planted was 52 percent complete, ahead of 33 last year and 43 average. Corn emerged was 4 percent complete, ahead of 1 last year but behind 9 average.

Soybeans were 14 percent planted, compared to 5 last year and 9 average.

Sorghum was 2 percent planted, ahead of 0 last year and equal to average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and Range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 41 fair, 49 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 0 percent very short, 7 short, 87 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 75 good, and 9 excellent. Calving was 89 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 16 percent below normal, 83 normal, and 1 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 16 fair, 66 good, and 18 excellent. Lambing was 91 percent complete and shearing 92 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 20 percent below normal, 79 normal, and 1 above normal.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 11, 2014, cool, wet weather continued across the state last week which delayed fieldwork even further, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, only 1.6 days were suitable for fieldwork. Average temperatures were 4 to 8 degrees below normal over much of the state with soil temperatures ranging from 38 to 45 degrees. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 66 adequate, and 33 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 78 adequate, and 21 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition declined slightly with 2 percent rated very poor, 18 poor, 38 fair, 40 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 8 percent compared to last week at only one.

Durum wheat planted rated 1 percent, behind last year at 10 and well behind 23 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 11 percent, behind 23 last year and 39 average. Emerged was 1 percent, equal to last year but behind 19 average.

Barley planted rated 6 percent, compared to last year at 10 and behind 33 average. Emerged was 1 percent, ahead of 0 last year but behind 14 average.

Oats planted at 16 percent was behind 27 last year and 37 average. Emerged was 2 percent, near 1 last year but behind 15 average.

Canola planted was 2 percent, behind last year at 10 and well behind 26 average.

Flaxseed planted was 1 percent, near last year at 3 but behind 13 average.

Dry edible peas planted were 6 percent complete, ahead of last year at 0 but well behind 36 average.

Potatoes planted were 2 percent, near 0 last year but well behind 27 average.

Sugarbeets planted reached 8 percent, well behind last year at 36 and 57 average.

Corn planted was 3 percent, behind last year at 16 and 33 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 30 fair, 56 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 80 adequate, and 19 surplus.

Livestock producers were busy moving their herds from winter feeding areas to pasture for grazing. Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 70 good, and 13 excellent. Calving was 87 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 24 percent below normal, 74 normal, and 2 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 69 good, and 10 excellent. Lambing was 90 percent complete and shearing 89 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 20 percent below normal, 78 normal, and 2 above normal.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending May 11, 2014, most of Nebraska received precipitation during the week, with amounts varying widely across the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Localized areas of heavy rain and thunderstorms in eastern Nebraska caused some damage to irrigation equipment and buildings late in the week. Areas of southwest Nebraska remained in an extreme drought in spite of the rain. Average temperatures ranged from 4 degrees below normal in the panhandle to 6 degrees above normal in southeast Nebraska. Activities included corn and soybean planting and moving cattle to pasture. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.1. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 25 short, 58 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 17 percent very short, 35 short, 48 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 17 poor, 32 fair, 43 good, and 4 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 56 percent, ahead of 30 last year but behind the five-year average of 61.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 17 poor, 41 fair, 40 good, and 1 excellent. Oats planted was 96 percent, ahead of 93 last year but near 97 average. Oats emerged was 83 percent, well ahead of 56 last year, but near 79 average.

Corn planted was 77 percent, well ahead of 39 last year but near 71 average. Corn emerged was 18 percent, ahead of 2 last year but behind 21 average.

Soybeans planted was 36 percent, well ahead of 6 last year and 30 average.

Sorghum planted was at 10 percent, ahead of 3 last year but near 11 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and Range condition rated 11 percent very poor, 14 poor, 42 fair, 32 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 9 short, 85 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Iowa

Optimal conditions allowed almost half of the expected corn acreage to be planted in Iowa during the week ending May 11, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures were above normal for the week, while average precipitation was below normal. Statewide there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Other activities for the week included fertilizer and herbicide application, manure hauling, and spraying.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 9 percent very short, 26 percent short, 60 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Northwest Iowa remained the driest with almost one-third of topsoil reported as very short or short of moisture.

Planting advanced rapidly at the beginning of the week. Oat seeding was 92 percent complete, 13 percentage points ahead of last year but only 3 percentage points behind the five-year average. Sixty-five percent of the oat acreage had emerged, ahead of last year’s 42 percent, but 12 percentage points behind average. Seventy percent of the expected corn acreage was planted, 8 days ahead of last year but equal to the normal pace. Corn was slow to emerge with only 9 percent of the acreage emerged, 20 percentage points less than average. Soybean planting was 20 percent complete, advancing 19 percentage points from last week and only 2 days behind normal.

Pasture condition rated 6 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 35 percent good and 7 percent excellent. More livestock have been moved onto pastures across the State.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers were able to make moderate planting progress during the week ending May 11th, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. More progress was made on sandier soils, before planting was once again halted by rains late in the week. There were 2.5 days suitable for fieldwork.

Widespread precipitation caused topsoil and subsoil moisture levels to rise. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, and 60 percent adequate, and 40 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus.

Almost one-quarter of the corn crop was planted this week, with southwestern Minnesota making the most progress. Thirty-one percent of the corn crop has been planted, which is 5 days behind normal. Cool temperatures have delayed corn emergence. Soybean planting was 4 percent complete, 12 days behind normal. Spring wheat planting now stands at 8 percent complete, 45 percentage points behind the 5 year average. Nine percent of the barley crop has been planted, 41 percentage points behind average. Oats planted was 36 percent complete. Sugarbeets planted was 9 percent complete, 54 percentage points behind average.

Pasture conditions were rated 4 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Pastures continued to turn green, but limited forage growth has prevented intense grazing.