Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 18, below normal temperatures continued across the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall was recorded in most areas of the state. Periods of frost occurred. Cool conditions slowed rangeland growth and delayed movement of cattle to summer pastures. Activities included planting soybeans, moving cattle to pasture, and fixing equipment. Statewide, there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 6 short, 89 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 86 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 38 fair, 57 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 12 percent.

Spring wheat was 83 percent planted, behind 89 last year and the five-year average of 93. Forty-two percent of spring wheat had emerged, behind 48 last year and 66 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 24 fair, 68 good, and 8 excellent. Oats planted rated 81 percent complete, compared to 90 last year and 90 average. Fifty-six percent of oats had emerged. Jointing was 1 percent complete.

Barley planted was 55 percent complete, well behind 86 last year and 82 average. Barley emerged was 15 percent, well behind 39 last year and 53 average.

Corn planted was 73 percent complete, near 70 last year and 69 average. Corn emerged was 15 percent complete, near 14 last year but behind 23 average.

Soybeans was 32 percent planted, compared to 25 last year and 26 average. Emerged were 2 percent, near 1 last year but behind 4 average.

Sorghum was 3 percent planted, equal to last year but behind 9 average.

Sunflower planting was just beginning with 1 percent complete, ahead of last year’s 0 percent and near 3 average.

Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 37 fair, 50 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 0 percent very short, 8 short, 88 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 74 good, and 11 excellent. Calving was 93 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 18 percent below normal, 81 normal, and 1 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 13 fair, 59 good, and 28 excellent. Lambing was 93 percent complete and shearing 93 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 32 percent below normal, 67 normal, and 1 above normal.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 18, drier conditions allowed fieldwork to progress over much of the state. Average temperatures ranged 6 to 15 degrees below normal with rainfall received Sunday night. Before these showers came, producers took advantage of the drier conditions to get as much planting done as possible. Statewide, 4.2 days were suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 68 adequate, and 31 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 77 adequate, and 22 surplus. Livestock producers were busy moving cattle out to pastures and branding and working calves.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 16 poor, 39 fair, 39 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed advanced to 19 percent.

Durum wheat planted rated 14 percent, well behind last year at 32 and 41 for the five-year average. Emerged was 1 percent, near 4 last year but behind 19 average.

Spring wheat planted was 25 percent, behind 47 last year and 55 average. Emerged was 6 percent, near last year at 9 but well behind 30 average.

Barley planted rated 22 percent, compared to last year at 30 and behind 49 average. Emerged was 3 percent, equal to last year but well behind 26 average.

Oats planted, at 29 percent, was behind 48 last year and 56 average. Emerged was 6 percent, near 10 last year but behind 28 average.

Canola planted was 13 percent, behind last year at 26 and 44 average. Flaxseed planted was 4 percent, behind last year at 11 and 27 average.

Dry edible peas planted were 24 percent complete, behind last year at 45 and well behind 61 average. Emerged was 3 percent, ahead of 0 last year but well behind 21 average.

Dry beans planted were 2 percent complete, equal to last year but behind 14 average.

Potatoes planted were 6 percent, behind 21 last year and well behind 41 average.

Sugarbeets planted reached 29 percent, well behind last year at 78 and 75 average.

Corn planted was 17 percent, behind last year at 55 and 54 average.

Soybeans planted were 5 percent, behind 17 last year and 25 average.

Sunflower planting was just beginning with 1 percent complete, behind 8 last year and 10 average.

Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 30 fair, 55 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 80 adequate, and 19 surplus.

Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 71 good, and 14 excellent. Calving was 92 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 30 percent below normal, 68 normal, and 2 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 74 good, and 10 excellent. Lambing was 93 percent complete and shearing 92 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 25 percent below normal, 73 normal, and 2 above normal.

Minnesota

More than 20 percent of Minnesota’s corn crop was planted during the week ending May 18. Temperatures remained below normal, and much of the state received frost this week. There were 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork, 1.5 days behind average.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, and 69 percent adequate, and 31 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 18 percent surplus.

Corn planted stands at 53 percent complete, 28 percentage points behind the five year average. Soybean planting was 16 percent complete, 11 days behind normal. Potato planting was 33 percent complete, 41 percentage points behind average. Spring wheat planting was 20 percent complete, 52 percentage points behind average. Sugarbeet planting was 40 percent complete, 39 percentage points behind the five year average. Barley planted progress was 25 percent with emergence at 6 percent. Sixty-one percent of the oat crop has been planted, with a little more than one-quarter emerged. Planting progress for dry edible beans was 20 percentage points behind average. Sunflower planting is over 3 weeks behind normal.

Pastures are turning green with conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. All hay conditions were rated 4 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.

Iowa

Storms early in the week slowed fieldwork during the week ending May 18. Statewide there were 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Average temperatures were several degrees below normal and frost was seen across most of the state. Other activities for the week included tiling and spraying.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 7 percent very short, 25 percent short, 62 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus.

Eighty-four percent of the expected corn acreage has been planted, 21 percentage points ahead of last year but 4 percentage points less than the five year average. Corn emergence reached 28 percent, 4 days in front of last year but 8 days behind normal. Soybean planting advanced 20 percentage points this week to 40 percent complete, 10 percentage points below average. With oat planting nearing completion, 81 percent of the oat acreage had emerged, ahead of last year’s 67 percent, but 8 percentage points behind average. The season’s first oat condition ratings came in at 0 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 46 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.

Limited alfalfa hay has been cut, with widespread cutting expected to begin in the next week. Hay condition was rated 0 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 5 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 40 percent good and 10 percent excellent.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending May 18, precipitation improved topsoil moisture supplies, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, southwest Nebraska again received only limited amounts of rainfall and remained in severe to extreme drought. Statewide, temperatures averaged 9 to 12 degrees below normal. Freezing temperatures were reported on multiple nights. Producers were assessing the impact on crops and evaluating if replanting was necessary. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 24 short, 61 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 16 percent very short, 33 short, 50 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 8 percent very poor, 20 poor, 32 fair, 37 good, and 3 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 71 percent, ahead of 57 last year but behind the five-year average of 76. Winter wheat headed was 11 percent, ahead of 1 last year, but behind 17 average.

Corn planted was 91 percent, ahead of 78 last year but near 89 average. Corn emerged was 43 percent, ahead of 23 last year but near 45 average.

Soybeans planted was 65 percent, well ahead of 29 last year and 55 average. Soybeans emerged was 13 percent ahead of 2 last year but near 14 average.

Sorghum planted was at 26 percent, ahead of 9 last year but near 24 average. Sorghum emerged was 6 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 4 average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 17 poor, 40 fair, 40 good, and 1 excellent. Oats planted was 98 percent, equal to last year and near 99 average. Oats emerged was 89 percent, ahead of 78 last year, but near 90 average. Oats jointing was 15 percent.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 39 fair, 46 good, and 7 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 1 percent complete, equal to last year, but behind the average of 14.

Pasture and range condition rated 12 percent very poor, 15 poor, 40 fair, 32 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 10 short, 84 adequate, and 1 surplus.