Crop and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 25, 2014, dry conditions and above normal temperatures across most areas of the state allowed planting progress to advance, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities included mending fences, moving cattle to pasture, planting, and applying herbicide treatments. Statewide, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 83 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 84 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 6 poor, 36 fair, 56 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 28 percent.

Spring wheat was 89 percent planted, behind 99 last year and the five-year average of 97. Emerged was 59 percent, behind 74 last year and 82 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 24 fair, 70 good, and 6 excellent. Oats planted rated 90 percent complete, behind 98 percent last year and 95 average. Emerged was 64 percent, behind last year at 76 and 80 average. Oats jointed was 3 percent.

Barley planted was 72 percent complete, behind 97 last year and 92 average. Barley emerged was 25 percent, well behind 62 last year and 67 average.

Corn planting was 90 percent complete, near 89 last year and ahead of 86 average. Corn emerged was 48 percent complete, near 47 last year and equal to average.

Soybeans were 64 percent planted, ahead of 45 last year and 49 average. Emerged was 20 percent, ahead of last year at 8 and 15 average.

Sorghum was 22 percent planted, near 20 last year and behind 25 average. One percent was emerged, equal to last year, but behind 5 average.

Sunflowers planted were 12 percent, ahead of 5 last year and near 14 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 35 fair, 52 good, and 10 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 0 percent very short, 8 percent short, 88 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 14 fair, 73 good, and 13 excellent. Calving was 96 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 18 percent below normal, 81 normal, and 1 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 13 fair, 58 good, and 29 excellent. Lambing and shearing was 95 percent complete. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 32 percent below normal, 67 normal, and 1 above normal.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 25, 2014, good planting progress was made with corn two-thirds complete and producers focus turning to soybeans, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation was received over the weekend with amounts of an inch common across most of the northeast. Soils will again need time to dry before fieldwork can resume. Temperatures averaged 4 to 8 degrees above normal in most areas. Pasture growth has responded well to the warmer temperatures and ample moisture. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.5. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 69 adequate, and 29 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 78 adequate, and 21 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 17 poor, 39 fair, 39 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed advanced to 33 percent.

Durum wheat planted rated 37 percent, well behind last year at 50 and 60 for the five-year average. Emerged was 10 percent, behind 17 last year and 35 average.

Spring wheat planted was 59 percent, near 60 last year, but behind 73 average. Emerged was 26 percent, near last year at 25, but well behind 46 average.

Barley planted advanced to 56 percent, ahead of last year at 47, but behind 67 average. Emerged was 17 percent, ahead of 10 last year, but well behind 40 average.

Oats planted, at 66 percent, was equal to last year, but behind 73 average. Emerged was 28 percent, near 32 last year, but behind 46 average.

Canola planted was 45 percent, ahead of last year at 39, but behind 63 average. Emerged was 11 percent, near 8 last year, but behind 32 average.

Flaxseed planted was 21 percent, near last year at 22, but behind 45 average.

Dry edible peas planted were 63 percent complete, behind last year and average at 78. Emerged was 15 percent, near 14 last year, but well behind 43 average.

Dry beans planted were 13 percent complete, ahead of 7 last year, but well behind 32 average.

Potatoes planted were 19 percent, behind 26 last year and well behind 56 average. Emerged was 2 percent, near 0 last year, but behind 12 average.

Sugarbeets planted reached 78 percent, behind last year at 88 and 92 average.

Corn planted was 67 percent, near last year at 70, but behind 75 average. Emerged was 13 percent, behind 23 last year and 36 average.

Soybeans planted were 31 percent, equal to last year, but behind 45 average.

Sunflower planting was 13 percent complete, near 11 last year, but behind 23 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 27 fair, 56 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 79 adequate, and 20 surplus.

Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 69 good, and 17 excellent. Calving was 95 percent complete. Cattle and calf death losses rated 33 percent below normal, 65 normal, and 2 above normal.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 75 good, and 10 excellent. Lambing was 97 percent complete and shearing 96 percent. Sheep and lamb death losses rated 27 percent below normal, 71 normal, and 2 above normal.

Minnesota

A season high of 5 days suitable for fieldwork allowed Minnesota farmers to make rapid planting progress during the week ending May 25th, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Despite the progress made during the week, planting progress and crop development remain behind the five year average.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus.

Eighty-one percent of the expected corn acreage has been planted, 28 percentage points more than the previous week, but 11 points behind the five year average. There were scattered reports of corn being replanted in western Minnesota. Soybean planting was 49 percent complete with one-third of the acres planted during the week. Potato planting progress doubled this week and now stands at 69 percent complete. Nearly half of the spring wheat crop was planted during the week. Spring wheat planting was 67 percent complete, 21 percentage points behind average. Minnesota sugarbeet farmers made rapid progress during the week and planting now stands at 86 percent complete. Barley planting progress was 63 percent complete with 21 percent now emerged. Eighty-five percent of the oat crop has been planted, with a little less than one-half emerged. Limited reports of oats jointing were observed. Oat conditions were 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 71 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Planting progress for dry edible beans was 13 percent complete, 33 points behind the average. Eleven percent of the sunflower crop has been planted, 37 points less than the five year average.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay has begun across the southern part of the state. All hay conditions were rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.

Iowa

Warm temperatures and below normal precipitation allowed soybean planting and crop progress to advance rapidly during the week ending May 25, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Other activities for the week included spraying, herbicide application, and some rotary hoeing to help crusted fields.

Topsoil moistures decreased slightly with the below normal rainfall. Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 14 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 7 percent very short, 25 percent short, 63 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Northwest Iowa was the driest with over 40 percent of topsoil and 60 percent of subsoil in very short to short condition.

For the first time this season, both corn and soybean acreage planted were above the five year average. Ninety-six percent of the expected corn acreage was planted, 13 percentage points ahead of last year and 1 percentage point more than average. Corn emergence reached 67 percent, 6 days in front of last year but 4 days behind normal. Soybean planting progress doubled this week to 80 percent complete, 5 percentage points above average. Ninety-three percent of the oat acreage had emerged, ahead of last year’s 89 percent, but 3 percentage points behind average. Oat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 41 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 7 percent complete, ahead of last year’s 0 percent but 12 points less than average. Hay condition was rated 0 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 14 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 5 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 42 percent good and 12 percent excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as favorable.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending May 25, 2014, precipitation across the Panhandle and drought-stricken southwestern counties was received early in the week with an inch or more common, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rain also fell over the weekend across the southeast and east central areas but missed most northeastern counties. Statewide, corn planting was virtually complete and soybean planting was winding up. Temperatures averaged 4 to 6 degrees above normal. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.5. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 28 short, 60 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 17 percent very short, 31 short, 51 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 8 percent very poor, 19 poor, 33 fair, 38 good, and

2 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 80 percent, ahead of 76 last year, but behind the five-year average of 88. Winter wheat headed was 28 percent, well ahead of 6 last year, but behind 33 average.

Corn planted was 97 percent, ahead of 94 last year, but equal to the average. Corn emerged was 74 percent, ahead of 56 last year but near 71 average.

Soybeans planted was 88 percent, well ahead of 59 last year and 76 average. Soybeans emerged was 42 percent well ahead of 15 last year and 35 average.

Sorghum planted was at 57 percent, well ahead of 35 last year and 44 average. Sorghum emerged was 13 percent, ahead of 4 last year, but equal to the average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 17 poor, 41 fair, 39 good, and 1 excellent. Oats emerged was 96 percent, ahead of 91 last year, but near 95 average. Oats jointing was 27 percent. Oats headed was 6 percent, ahead of 3 last year, but behind 10 average.

Dry beans planted was 5 percent, near 4 last year, but behind 15 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 1 percent very poor, 10 poor, 39 fair, 43 good, and 7 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 10 percent complete, ahead of 2 last year, but behind the average of 24.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 12 percent very poor, 15 poor, 40 fair, 32 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 11 short, 83 adequate, and 1 surplus.