Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending June 29, 2014, cool temperatures and wide spread rain showers dominated the weather pattern across most areas of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 79 adequate, and 18 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 84 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 25 fair, 62 good, and 8 excellent. Headed was 97 percent, ahead of 89 last year and the five-year average of 94. Winter wheat coloring was 31 percent, well ahead of 3 last year but behind 38 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 24 fair, 66 good, and 8 excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 90 percent. Headed was 57 percent, ahead of last year at 48, but behind 63 average.

Oat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 15 fair, 76 good, and 9 excellent. Oats jointed was 90 percent. Oats headed was 75 percent, ahead of 55 last year and 66 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 22 fair, 65 good, and 13 excellent. Barley jointed was 90 percent. Headed was 41 percent, behind 61 last year and the average of 53.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 66 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 2 percent, near 0 last year and 1 average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 66 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans emerged was 96 percent, ahead of last year at 94 and equal to the average. Soybeans blooming was 15 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 7 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 8 fair, 85 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum was 96 percent planted, near 99 last year and average of 98. Sorghum emerged was 76 percent, behind 84 last year and 88 average.

Sunflowers planted were 85 percent, behind both last year and average at 93. Sunflowers emerged was 57 percent.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 57 good, and 20 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 65 percent complete, behind 69 last year and 74 average. Second cutting was 3 percent complete.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 61 good, and 24 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending June 29, 2014, cool temperatures and excessive rainfall in the western half of the state slowed fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The largest rainfall amounts of 3 to 6 inches were reported in the northwest corner of the state. Average temperatures were near normal. Producers were having a difficult time applying herbicides and cutting hay due to excessive moisture in the fields. Warm and sunny weather was needed to promote crop development. Statewide, there were 3.7 days considered suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 64 adequate, and 34 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 69 adequate, and 30 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat jointed advanced to 96 percent. Headed was 70 percent. Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 12 poor, 37 fair, 44 good, and 4 excellent.

Durum wheat emerged was 96 percent, ahead of 83 last year and 87 for the five-year average. Jointing rated 34 percent, near 36 last year, but well behind 54 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 81 good, and 5 excellent.

Spring wheat jointed was 70 percent, well ahead of last year at 41, but near 66 average. Headed rated 14 percent, ahead of last year at 6, but behind 23 average. Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 67 good, and 16 excellent.

Barley jointing advanced to 74 percent, well ahead of 40 last year and 67 average. Headed rated 12 percent, ahead of 3 last year, but behind 22 average. Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 67 good, and 12 excellent.

Oats jointing rated 71 percent, ahead of 56 last year, but equal to average. Headed was at 14 percent, ahead of 10 last year, but behind 22 average. Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 79 good, and 7 excellent.

Canola blooming was 27 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but equal to average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 65 good, and 16 excellent.

Flaxseed emerged was 99 percent, well ahead of 65 last year and 86 average. Blooming was 6 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but behind 10 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 20 fair, 70 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry edible peas blooming was 29 percent, well ahead of 0 last year, but behind 35 average. Dry peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 23 fair, 65 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry beans were 94 percent emerged, well ahead of 74 last year, but near 92 average. Blooming was 4 percent. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 59 good, and 13 excellent.

Potatoes planted were 97 percent, ahead of 93 last year, but near 99 average. Emerged was 82 percent, well ahead of last year at 62, but behind 88 average. Condition rated 10 percent very poor, 6 poor, 25 fair, 54 good, and 5 excellent.

Corn silking was 2 percent, near 0 last year and 1 average. Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 60 good, and 21 excellent.

Soybeans emerged were 99 percent, ahead of 86 last year and 95 average. Blooming was 6 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but near 5 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 64 good, and 17 excellent.

Sunflower planting reached 97 percent, ahead of 86 last year and 94 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 11 fair, 63 good, and 24 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 74 adequate, and 25 surplus.

Minnesota

Precipitation and wet field conditions continued to stress crops and delay alfalfa hay cuttings during the week ending June 29, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Conditions declined for all crops during the week as a result of excess moisture and standing water. Many farmers have been unable to get equipment into their fields, delaying fertilizer and chemical application. There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork across the State.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 47 percent adequate, and 53 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 51 percent adequate, and 49 percent surplus.

Corn emergence was 97 percent, 3 percentage points behind the average. Corn condition ratings came in at 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Ninety-five percent of the soybean crop has emerged, up 5 points from the previous week. Soybeans have started to bloom across the southern half of the State. Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Sixteen percent of the Spring wheat crop was heading, 28 points behind average. Spring wheat condition ratings came in at 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 44 percent good, and 6 percent excellent. Seventeen percent of the barley crop was heading, and 44 percent was in good to excellent condition. Thirty-eight percent of the oat crop was heading. Emergence for dry edible beans was 95 percent, 8 points more than the previous week. Ninety-seven percent of the sunflower crop has been planted, 12 points more than the previous week. The first sugarbeet condition ratings of the year came in at 11 percent very poor, 34 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 13 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 67 percent complete, 5 days behind last year and two weeks behind average. All hay conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. Some producers were applying insecticide to their alfalfa fields in south central Minnesota.

Iowa

Recurring precipitation continued to limit fieldwork in Iowa during the week ending June 29, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were just 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork. A few producers were able to do a little spraying and herbicide application between storms.

Precipitation raised soil moisture levels again this week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 36 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus. With the exception of southeast Iowa, every district in the state had over one-quarter of its topsoil in surplus condition.

There were isolated reports of corn silking. Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 23 percent excellent. Six percent of the soybean acreage was blooming, 10 days ahead of the previous year but 2 days behind normal. Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. Eighty-six percent of the oat crop has headed, 4 percentage points above last year but 2 percentage points behind five-year average. Eleven percent of the oat acreage has turned color, 5 percentage points ahead of last year but 13 percentage points behind average. Oat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 90 percent complete, 3 percentage points ahead of both last year and average. Hay condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as good except for dealing with increased insect pressure and flooded pastures and feedlots.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending June 29, 2014, rain of an inch or more coupled with lower average temperatures provided excellent conditions for pastures and spring planted crops, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Wheat was coloring in most areas, but dry down was slow due to high humidity and wet conditions. Winter wheat harvest had not yet started. Producers worked between rain events to apply herbicides and additional nitrogen to corn. Irrigation needs were limited. Repairs continued on storm damaged equipment. Alfalfa second cutting advanced but was slow due to the wet conditions. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 4.0. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 14 short, 75 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 17 short, 70 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 14 poor, 31 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 78 percent, ahead of 70 last year, but equal to the five-year average. Winter wheat mature was 19 percent, ahead of 4 last year, but behind 26 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 52 good, and 18 excellent. Corn silking was 1 percent, near 0 last year and 4 average.

Soybeans conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 57 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans blooming was at 21 percent, ahead of 2 last year and 7 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 38 fair, 45 good, and 15 excellent. Sorghum emerged was 91 percent, behind 93 last year and 97 average. Sorghum headed was 1 percent, near 0 both last year and the average.

Oat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 18 poor, 29 fair, 48 good, and 2 excellent. Oats jointing was 95 percent. Oats headed was 75 percent, behind 91 both last year and the average. Oats coloring was at 31 percent.

Dry beans condition rated 4 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 60 good, and 16 excellent. Dry beans emerged was 95 percent, behind 96 last year, but ahead of 90 average.

Proso millet planted was 55 percent, well behind 100 last year and 89 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 35 fair, 49 good, and 7 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 95 percent complete, near 92 last year, and equal to the average. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 25 percent complete, ahead of 5 last year, but near 26 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 11 poor, 30 fair, 46 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 6 short, 90 adequate, and 2 surplus.