Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 6, 2014, limited precipitation and warm temperatures dominated the weather pattern, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 6 short, 83 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 88 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 64 good, and 8 excellent. Coloring was 66 percent, well ahead of 22 last year and ahead of the five-year average of 63. Winter wheat mature was 2 percent, ahead of 0 last year but well behind 18 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 67 good, and 14 excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 96 percent. Headed was 81 percent, equal to last year and near 83 average.

Oat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 15 fair, 76 good, and 9 excellent. Oats jointed was 100 percent. Oats headed was 85 percent, ahead of 81 last year and 80 average. Coloring was 13 percent, ahead of 7 last year, but behind average at 29. Mature was 1 percent, near last year at 0, but behind 6 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 22 fair, 65 good, and 13 excellent. Barley jointed was 94 percent. Headed was 61 percent, well behind 85 last year and the average of 69. Coloring was 3 percent near 0 last year, but well behind 17 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 67 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 5 percent, ahead of 0 last year and near 4 average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 39 percent, well ahead of 7 last year and 19 average. Setting pods was 4 percent, ahead of both last year and average of 0.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 8 fair, 84 good, and 8 excellent. Sorghum emerged was 88 percent, behind 96 last year and 97 average. Sorghum was 5 percent headed, ahead of 0 last year and 1 average.

Sunflowers planted were 97 percent, near both 98 last year and average at 99. Sunflowers emerged was 69 percent.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 57 good, and 20 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 78 percent complete, behind both last year and average of 88. Second cutting was 14 percent complete.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 61 good, and 23 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 6, 2014, warmer temperatures occurred, but were still a few degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rain was limited to an inch or less in most areas. Producers were busy cutting hay, but high water levels in some areas made it difficult to access fields. Spraying for weeds was wrapping up and fungicide applications were beginning for small grain crops. Statewide, there were 5.0 days considered suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 68 adequate, and 30 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 72 adequate, and 26 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat headed advanced to 88 percent. Turning color was 9 percent. Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 33 fair, 47 good, and 6 excellent.

Durum wheat jointed was 59 percent, near 58 last year, but behind 70 for the five-year average. Headed rated 9 percent, behind 14 last year and 26 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 82 good, and 5 excellent.

Spring wheat jointed was 84 percent, well ahead of last year at 64, but near 83 average. Headed rated 35 percent, ahead of last year at 29, but behind 40 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 66 good, and 17 excellent.

Barley jointing advanced to 87 percent, well ahead of 61 last year, but near 83 average. Headed rated 34 percent, ahead of 22 last year, but behind 38 average. Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 68 good, and 12 excellent.

Oats jointing rated 82 percent, ahead of 73 last year, but near 85 average. Headed was at 30 percent, behind 34 last year and 41 average. Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 79 good, and 8 excellent.

Canola blooming was 63 percent, well ahead of 33 last year and 48 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 65 good, and 18 excellent.

Flaxseed blooming was 12 percent, ahead of 9 last year, but behind 23 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 19 fair, 70 good, and 10 excellent.

Dry edible peas blooming was 43 percent, ahead of 33 last year, but behind 59 average. Dry peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 69 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry beans were 97 percent emerged, ahead of 87 last year, but equal to average. Blooming was 8 percent, ahead of last year at 0, but near 10 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent.

Potatoes emerged were 93 percent, well ahead of 75 last year, but near 94 average. Blooming was 18 percent, well ahead of last year at 0, but behind 26 average. Condition rating improved to 7 percent very poor, 7 poor, 25 fair, 51 good, and 10 excellent.

Corn silking was 4 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 3 average. Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 59 good, and 21 excellent.

Soybeans blooming were 12 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but behind 16 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 63 good, and 17 excellent.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 73 good, and 11 excellent.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 55 good, and 7 excellent.

First cutting of alfalfa was 29 percent complete, well behind last year at 59 and 61 average. Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 9 fair, 70 good, and 20 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 11 fair, 59 good, and 27 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 73 adequate, and 26 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers had 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 6, 2014, the most in nearly a month, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Drier field conditions allowed many farmers to catch-up with herbicide and fertilizer spraying. First cutting of alfalfa hay made progress as conditions allowed, but still remains behind the five year average. Some farmers replanted corn and soybeans in areas that drowned out earlier.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 30 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 32 percent surplus.

Nearly all of the corn crop has emerged with 64 percent in good to excellent condition. Limited reports of corn silking were received from respondents in the southern half of Minnesota. Thirteen percent of the soybean crop is blooming, 5 points behind the average. Soybean conditions rated 61 percent in good to excellent condition. Thirty-six percent of the Spring wheat crop was heading, 11 days behind normal, with 50 percent of the crop in good to excellent condition. Forty-three percent of the barley crop was heading, and 46 percent was in good to excellent condition. Potato conditions were rated 78 percent good to excellent. Sixty-one percent of the oat crop was heading, with 66 percent rated good to excellent. The first condition rating of the year for dry edible beans came in at 1 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Sugar beet conditions rated 20 percent good to excellent.

The first and second cuttings of alfalfa hay were 86 and 17 percent complete respectively. All hay conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 9 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 20 percent excellent.

Iowa

Above average precipitation in Iowa limited fieldwork yet again during the week ending July 6, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were just 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork, the third week in a row with less than 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Weed control and nitrogen side-dressing were behind due to wet conditions and the inability to get equipment through fields. Many producers reported yellowing corn and stress on soybeans due to excessive moisture.

Precipitation raised soil moisture levels marginally this week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 37 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. Over one-quarter of the State’s topsoil remained in surplus condition, with the exception of southeast Iowa.

There were scattered reports of corn silking across Iowa. Seventy-six percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition, a decrease of 3 percentage points. Twenty-one percent of the soybean acreage was blooming, 11 days ahead of the previous year but 2 days behind normal. A few farmers reported soybeans setting pods. Decreasing 2 percentage points from the previous week, 73 percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop has headed, 2 percentage points above last year but equal to the five-year average. Thirty-one percent of the oat acreage has turned color, 10 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 15 points behind average. Seventy-three percent of the oat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, dropping 1 percentage point from last week.

Farmers struggled to get their first cutting of alfalfa hay baled, advancing only five percentage points from last week. The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 95 percent complete, falling slightly behind both last year and average. The second cutting of alfalfa was 12 percent complete, two days ahead of last year but almost two weeks behind normal. Sixty-seven percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition rated 74 percent good to excellent. Stress on livestock increased toward the week’s end with the high humidity and heat.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending July 6, 2014, clear skies during the week allowed wheat harvest to get underway in southern districts, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. After a cool beginning, temperatures gave way to hot, humid conditions with irrigation starting in a number of counties. Corn was entering the pollination stage with the first tassels beginning to appear. The dry weather conditions allowed hay harvest to continue and producers were able to apply herbicides to spring planted crops. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 6.0. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 20 short, 72 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 21 short, 68 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 14 poor, 31 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 85 percent, behind 90 last year, and the five-year average of 93. Winter wheat mature was 37 percent, ahead of 27 last year, but behind 44 average. Winter wheat harvested was 13 percent, ahead of 10 last year, but behind 26 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 52 good, and 20 excellent. Corn silking was 8 percent, ahead of 1 last year, but behind 14 average.

Soybeans conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 57 good, and 16 excellent. Soybeans blooming was at 39 percent, ahead of 17 last year and 21 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 37 fair, 44 good, and 17 excellent. Sorghum emerged was 100 percent, near 99 last year and equal to the average. Sorghum headed was 3 percent, near 0 both last year and the average.

Oat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 17 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 2 excellent. Oats headed was 87 percent, behind 96 both last year and 97 average. Oats coloring was at 45 percent. Oats mature was at 11 percent. Oats harvested was at 2 percent, near 0 last year, but behind 18 average.

Dry beans condition rated 4 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 60 good, and 16 excellent. Dry beans blooming was at 1 percent equal to both last year and the average.

Proso millet planted was 62 percent, well behind 100 last year and 96 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 33 fair, 51 good, and 7 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 37 percent complete, ahead of 17 last year, but near 41 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 11 poor, 30 fair, 45 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 6 short, 90 adequate, and 2 surplus.