USDA July crop production reports

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — Based on July 1 conditions, South Dakota’s 2014 winter wheat crop is forecast at 53.8 million bushels, up 10 percent from the June 1 forecast, and up 106 percent from last year’s crop, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average yield is forecast at 46 bushels per acre, up 7 bushels from last year. Acreage to be harvested for grain is estimated at 1.17 million acres, up 75 percent from last year. This would be 90 percent of planted acres.

Other spring wheat production is forecast at 54.6 million bushels, up 7 percent from last year. The yield, forecast at 43 bushels per acre is down 1 bushel from last year’s yield. Acres intended for harvest, at 1.27 million, are up 9 percent from 2013.

Oat production, at 8.80 million bushels, is down 5 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 80 bushels, up 3 bushels from last year’s yield. Expected area to be harvested for grain, at 110,000 acres, is down 8 percent from 2013.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — Based on July 1 conditions, North Dakota’s 2014 spring wheat crop is forecast at 267 million bushels, up 13 percent from last year, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average yield is forecast at 46 bushels per acre, down one-half bushel from 2013. Area to be harvested for grain is estimated at 5.80 million acres, up 15 percent from a year ago.

Durum wheat production is forecast at 32.3 million bushels, up 9 percent from last year. Average yield is forecast at 38 bushels per acre, down one-half bushel from 2013. Area to be harvested for grain is expected to total 850,000 acres, up 10 percent from a year ago.

Winter wheat production is forecast at 26.3 million bushels, down 21 percent from the June 1 forecast, but 199 percent above last year’s crop. Average yield is forecast at 47 bushels per acre, 4 bushels more than 2013. Area to be harvested for grain is estimated at 560,000 acres, up 173 percent from a year ago.

Barley production is forecast at 37.2 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year. Average yield is forecast at 62 bushels per acre, down 2 bushel from 2013. Area to be harvested for grain is estimated at 600,000 acres, down 17 percent from a year ago.

Oat production is forecast at 9.36 million bushels, up 12 percent from last year. Average yield is forecast at 72 bushels per acre, up 10 bushels from 2013. Area to be harvested for grain is estimated at 130,000 acres, down 4 percent from a year ago.

Minnesota

Spring Wheat production in Minnesota is forecast at 65,520 bushels, a decrease of 600 thousand bushels from 2013, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Crop Production report. If realized, this would be the lowest production since 2002. The expected yield is 52 bushels per acre, down 5 bushels from the previous year. The area expected to be harvested for grain totals 1.26 million acres, up 9 percent from 2013.

Oat production is forecast at 7.98 million bushels, up 33 percent from 2013. The yield is forecast at 57 bushels per acre, unchanged from last year. The area expected to be harvest for grain totals 140,000 acres, also up 33 percent from 2013.

Barley production is forecast at 3.12 million bushels, down 40 percent from 2013. The expected yield is 52 bushels per acre, down 17 bushels from the previous year. Minnesota farmers expect to harvest 60,000 acres for grain, down 20 percent from last year.

Fall Potato planted acreage by type of potato consists of 69 percent Russets, 23 percent Reds, 6 percent Whites, and 2 percent Yellows.

Iowa

Oat production in Iowa is forecast at 4.36 million bushels, up 10 percent from the 3.96 million bushels in 2013 according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Crop Production report. Iowa oat growers intend to harvest 65,000 acres for grain, up 8 percent from last year. The expected yield is 67 bushels per acre, up 1 bushel from 2013. Seventy-four percent of Iowa’s oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition as of June 29th. Eleven percent of the oat acreage was turning color.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — Based on July 1 conditions, Nebraska’s 2014 winter wheat crop is forecast at 56.0 million bushels, up 42 percent from last year’s crop, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average yield is forecast at 40 bushels per acre, up 5 bushels from a year earlier.

Acreage to be harvested for grain is estimated at 1.40 million acres, up 24 percent from a year ago. This would be 93 percent of the planted acres, well above last year’s 77 percent harvested.

Oat production is forecast at 3.15 million bushes, near double last year’s output and the largest since 2005. Acreage for harvest, at 45,000 acres is up 20,000 acres from 2013. Yield, at 70 bushels per acres, is forecast to be 5 bushels above a year ago.

United States

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.37 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the June 1 forecast and down 11 percent from 2013. Based on July 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 42.2 bushels per acre, down 0.2 bushel from last month and down 5.2 bushels from last year. The area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 32.4 million acres, unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2014 but up slightly from last year.