Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

ff_admin
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 13, 2014, below normal temperatures and scattered rain showers dominated the weather pattern, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 11 short, 85 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 9 short, 85 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 65 good, and 9 excellent. Coloring was 86 percent, ahead of 74 last year but near the five-year average of 87. Winter wheat mature was 10 percent, ahead of 3 last year but well behind 36 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 66 good, and 15 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 88 percent, behind 95 last year and 93 average. Coloring was 19 percent, near 18 last year but behind 42 average.

Oat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 14 fair, 76 good, and 10 excellent. Oats headed was 97 percent, ahead of 91 last year and 92 average. Coloring was 48 percent, well ahead of 23 last year, but equal to average. Mature was 2 percent, near last year at 0, but behind 14 average. Oat harvested was 1 percent, near last year at 0, but behind 8 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 13 excellent. Barley jointed was 97 percent. Headed was 72 percent, well behind 91 last year and the average of 85. Coloring was 4 percent, well behind 36 last year and 40 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 67 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was 9 percent, ahead of 5 last year but equal to average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 65 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 56 percent, well ahead of 32 last year and 39 average. Setting pods was 8 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 3 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 8 fair, 84 good, and 8 excellent. Sorghum emerged was 93 percent, behind 97 last year and 99 average. Sorghum was 28 percent headed, well ahead of 3 last year and 5 average.

Sunflowers emerged was 85 percent. Sunflowers blooming was 4 percent, near 1 last year and average at 2.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 57 good, and 24 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 85 percent complete, behind both last year and average of 93. Second cutting was 28 percent complete, ahead of 15 last year, but behind 33 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 13 fair, 62 good, and 23 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 13, 2014, cooler than normal temperatures and minimal precipitation were received across most of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The highest rainfall amounts were in the western and northern parts of the state; however, the amounts were a half inch or less. Reports indicated the cooler weather has been beneficial to small grains, canola, and flaxseed, while the row crops needed more heat units to advance crop development. Statewide, there were 6.0 days considered suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 74 adequate, and 21 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 77 adequate, and 20 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat headed advanced to 95 percent. Turning color was 19 percent. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 33 fair, 49 good, and 6 excellent.

Durum wheat jointed was 71 percent, behind 82 last year and 83 for the five-year average. Headed rated 24 percent, well behind 49 last year and 47 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 77 good, and 5 excellent.

Spring wheat jointed was 90 percent, ahead of last year at 86, but near 93 average. Headed rated 61 percent, near last year at 58 and equal to average. Turning color was 2 percent, equal to last year, but behind 12 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 64 good, and 18 excellent.

Barley jointing advanced to 94 percent, ahead of 86 last year, but equal to average. Headed rated 66 percent, ahead of 58 last year and 64 average. Turning color was 6 percent, ahead of 1 last year, but behind 14 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 68 good, and 12 excellent.

Oats jointing rated 90 percent, near 91 last year and 94 average. Headed was at 59 percent, behind 68 last year and 66 average. Turning color was 3 percent, near 1 last year, but behind 11 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 79 good, and 8 excellent.

Canola blooming was 86 percent, well ahead of 65 last year and 72 average. Turning color was 5 percent, ahead of 1 last year, but equal to average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 63 good, and 22 excellent.

Flaxseed blooming was 41 percent, equal to last year, but behind 48 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 10 excellent.

Dry edible peas blooming was 61 percent, behind 70 last year and 82 average. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry beans blooming was 23 percent, ahead of last year at 11, but behind 28 average. Condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 57 good, and 13 excellent.

Potatoes emerged were 98 percent, ahead of 84 last year, but near 97 average. Blooming was 49 percent, well ahead of last year at 16, but near 47 average. Condition rated 5 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 50 good, and 10 excellent.

Corn silking was 5 percent, near 4 last year, but behind 11 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 59 good, and 20 excellent.

Soybeans blooming were 25 percent, near 22 last year, but behind 34 average. Condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 62 good, and 16 excellent.

Sunflower emerged were 93 percent. Condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 14 fair, 74 good, and 7 excellent.

Sugarbeet condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 29 fair, 54 good, and 10 excellent.

First cutting of alfalfa was 56 percent complete, well behind last year at 83 and 80 average. Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 10 fair, 70 good, and 19 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 11 fair, 61 good, and 26 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 77 adequate, and 22 surplus.

Minnesota

There were 5.4 days suitable for field work, across Minnesota allowing farmers to apply herbicides and harvest the second cutting of alfalfa hay during the week ending July 13, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. The majority of Minnesota field crop conditions improved with only potato and hay crop conditions showing a slight decline. Field activities included replanting, aerial chemical application, and ground spraying where conditions allowed.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 23 percent surplus.

Five percent of the corn crop was silking, 15percentage points behind the five-year average, with 64 percent in good to excellent condition. Twenty-seven percent of the soybean crop was blooming, up 14 points from last week. Soybean conditions rated 62 percent good to excellent. Sixty-three percent of the Spring wheat crop was heading with 8 percent turning color. Fifty percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Eighty-one percent of the oat crop was heading with 13 percent turning color. Oat conditions were rated 66 percent good to excellent. Potato conditions were rated 77 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans progressed to 15 percent in the blooming stage, 4 points ahead of the previous year. Sugarbeet conditions rated 21 percent good to excellent.

The first and second cuttings of alfalfa hay were 92 and 32 percent complete, respectively. All hay conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 23 percent excellent. Flooded pastures in the northwest part of the state forced some farmers to find additional grazing ground for livestock.

Iowa

Iowa welcomed drier conditions which allowed farmers to get back in the fields during the week ending July 13, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork, the first time since mid-June that farmers have had over 3.0 days suitable across the whole State. Activities for the week include herbicide application, replanting drowned out crops, and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus. Central Iowa was the wettest, with well over one-third of the topsoil in surplus condition.

Twenty-six percent of the corn acreage was silking, 25 percentage points ahead of last year and 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average. Seventy-six percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from the previous week. Forty-five percent of the soybean acreage was blooming, 11 days ahead of the previous year and slightly ahead of normal. Six percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, 11 days ahead of last year and one day ahead of normal. Seventy-three percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week. Ninety-seven percent of the oat crop has headed, equal to the previous year but 1 percentage point behind the five-year average. Sixty percent of the oat acreage has turned color, 18 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 10 points behind average. Oat harvest was 8 percent complete 5 percentage points ahead of last year but 11 points behind the normal pace. Seventy-three percent of the oat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 97 percent complete, 3 points behind last year and 1 point behind average. The second cutting of alfalfa was 27 percent complete, one day ahead of last year but 11 days behind normal. Sixty-eight percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition rated 75 percent good to excellent. High insect counts caused stress to livestock across the state.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending July 13, 2014, rain of an inch or more was common across much of the state with hail producing storms damaging crops in portions of central and southern Nebraska, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures were below normal across the north and east. Wheat harvest progressed northward and was near one-third complete. Corn was in the pollination stage. Hay harvest resumed but continued to be difficult. Pasture conditions in most areas continued to improve. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.3. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 21 short, 73 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 14 poor, 29 fair, 44 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 97 percent, near 98 last year, and the five-year average of 99. Winter wheat mature was 65 percent, ahead of 53 last year, but near 64 average. Winter wheat harvested was 31 percent, ahead of 27 last year, but behind 40 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 52 good, and 22 excellent. Corn silking was 33 percent, ahead of 12 last year, but near 32 average.

Soybeans conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 53 good, and 19 excellent. Soybeans blooming was at 55 percent, ahead of 36 last year and 40 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 36 fair, 43 good, and 19 excellent. Sorghum headed was 10 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 1 average. Sorghum coloring was at 1 percent, near 0 for both last year and average.

Oat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 17 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 2 excellent. Oats headed was 97 percent, near 99 last year and average. Oats coloring was at 70 percent. Oats mature was at 38 percent. Oats harvested was at 13 percent, behind 23 last year and 30 average.

Dry bean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 64 good, and 16 excellent. Dry beans blooming was at 6 percent, near 4 last year and 7 average.

Proso millet planted was 82 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 32 fair, 52 good, and 8 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 53 percent complete, ahead of 44 last year, but behind 60 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 10 poor, 30 fair, 47 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 91 adequate, and 2 surplus.