Crop and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 20, 2014, very little rainfall and below normal temperatures dominated the weather pattern across most areas of South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 16 short, 80 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 15 short, 80 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 65 good, and 9 excellent. Coloring was 96 percent, ahead of 91 last year but near the five-year average of 97. Winter wheat mature was 55 percent, well ahead of 30 last year but behind 62 average. Harvested was 4 percent, near 3 last year but well behind 32 average.

Spring wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 19 fair, 66 good, and 14 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 95 percent, behind 100 last year and 98 average. Coloring was 41 percent, well behind 62 last year and 68 average. Mature was 5 percent, near last year at 3, but well behind 24 average.

Oat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 76 good, and 9 excellent. Coloring was 60 percent, near 58 last year, but behind 70 average. Mature was 15 percent, well ahead of last year at 4, but behind 29 average. Oat harvested was 4 percent, near last year at 3, but behind 16 average.

Barley conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 20 fair, 65 good, and 13 excellent. Headed was 86 percent, behind 98 last year and the average of 95. Coloring was 9 percent, well behind 53 last year and 59 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 67 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 30 percent, near 28 last year and ahead of 25 average.

Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 62 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 70 percent, well ahead of 53 last year and 59 average. Setting pods was 15 percent, ahead of 4 last year and 11 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 8 fair, 84 good, and 8 excellent. Sorghum emerged was 96 percent, behind both last year and average at 100. Sorghum was 38 percent headed, well ahead of 11 last year and 12 average.

Sunflowers emerged was 89 percent. Sunflowers blooming was 6 percent, near 4 last year and average at 7.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 56 good, and 23 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 91 percent complete, behind 96 last year and average of 97. Second cutting was 38 percent complete, behind 42 last year and 50 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 55 good, and 22 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 20, 2014, despite hot conditions over the weekend, average temperatures were cooler than normal across the entire state last week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. No significant moisture was received again last week. However, most crops are still in good shape as a result of good subsoil moisture from abundant precipitation received this spring. Statewide, there were 6.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 13 short, 72 adequate, and 14 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 6 short, 79 adequate, and 15 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat turning color advanced to 53 percent. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 32 fair, 50 good, and 6 excellent.

Durum wheat jointed was 77 percent, behind 94 last year and 93 for the five-year average. Headed rated 35 percent, well behind 74 last year and 68 average. Turning color was 5 percent, near 3 last year, but behind 10 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 77 good, and 5 excellent.

Spring wheat jointed was 95 percent, near last year at 94 and 98 average. Headed rated 79 percent, equal to last year, but behind 83 average. Turning color was 9 percent, near 10 last year, but behind 22 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 65 good, and 17 excellent.

Barley jointed advanced to 97 percent, equal to last year and near 99 average. Headed rated 81 percent, near last year at 80, but behind 85 average. Turning color was 16 percent, ahead of 8 last year, but behind 26 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 69 good, and 11 excellent.

Oats jointed rated 94 percent, near 96 last year and 99 average. Headed was at 77 percent, near 79 last year, but behind 83 average. Turning color was 12 percent, near 10 last year, but behind 22 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 9 fair, 81 good, and 8 excellent.

Canola blooming was 96 percent, ahead of 89 last year and 90 average. Turning color was 10 percent, ahead of 6 last year, but behind 15 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 63 good, and 21 excellent.

Flaxseed blooming was 74 percent, ahead of last year at 65 and 69 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 10 excellent.

Dry edible peas blooming was 86 percent, behind 88 last year and 94 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry beans blooming was 48 percent, ahead of last year at 34, but behind 52 average. Setting pods was 12 percent, ahead of last year at 2, but near 14 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent.

Potatoes blooming was 83 percent, well ahead of last year at 53 and 74 average. Rows filled was 19 percent, ahead of 9 last year, but behind 35 average. Conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 9 poor, 26 fair, 50 good, and 10 excellent.

Corn silking was 10 percent, near 13 last year, but behind 28 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 59 good, and 20 excellent.

Soybeans blooming was 55 percent, ahead of 49 last year, but near 58 average. Setting pods was 7 percent, ahead of last year at 3, but behind 17 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 62 good, and 16 excellent.

Sunflower emerged was 97 percent. Blooming was 1 percent, near last year at 2, but behind 5 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 19 fair, 73 good, and 7 excellent.

Sugarbeet conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 29 fair, 54 good, and 10 excellent.

First cutting of alfalfa was 80 percent complete, well behind last year at 93 and 92 average. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 9 fair, 70 good, and 18 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 60 good, and 25 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 81 adequate, and 18 surplus.

Minnesota

Little to no rain fell in Minnesota during the week ending July 20, 2014, leading to 6.2 days suitable for field work according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. This marks the most days suitable for any week thus far in 2014. The dry conditions allowed farmers to make good progress on the second cutting of alfalfa hay. Overall crop development continues to lag behind normal.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 11 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.

Twenty-three percent of the corn crop was silking, 20 percentage points behind the five-year average, with 64 percent in good to excellent condition. Forty-seven percent of the soybean crop was blooming, up 20 points from last week. Pods are setting on 7 percent of the soybean plants. Soybean conditions rated 64 percent good to excellent. Eighty-three percent of the spring wheat crop was headed, with 22 percent turning color. Fifty-one percent of the spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Ninety-two percent of the oat crop was headed, with 41 percent turning color and 5 percent harvested. Oat conditions remained at 66 percent good to excellent. Potato conditions were rated 84 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans progressed to 43 percent in the blooming stage, 5 points ahead of the previous year. Sugarbeet conditions rated 29 percent good to excellent.

The first and second cuttings of alfalfa hay were 97 and 50 percent complete, respectively. All hay increased to 61 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions decreased to 77 percent good to excellent. The first sunflower condition rating of the season was 0 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 55 percent fair, 32 percent good and 6 percent excellent.

Iowa

Over one-quarter of the second cutting of alfalfa hay was harvested during the week ending July 20, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, surpassing the previous season high of 5.3 days suitable near the end of May. In addition to cutting hay, activities for the week included fungicide and herbicide application.

A lack of precipitation across most of the state this week resulted in a decline in soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus.

Fifty-nine percent of the corn acreage was silking, 11 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of the five-year average. Seventy-seven percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition. Blooming was evident in 67 percent of the soybean acreage, more than double the percent last year. Nineteen percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, well ahead of last year’s 2 percent. Seventy-four percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition, virtually unchanged from last week. With 83 percent of the oat acreage having turned color, oat harvest reached 21 percent complete, 2 percentage points ahead of last year but 17 percentage points behind normal. Seventy-three percent of the oat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from the previous week.

With the first cutting of alfalfa hay nearly complete, the second cutting of alfalfa was 54 percent complete, two days ahead of last year but 6 days behind normal. Sixty-eight percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition rated 74 percent good to excellent. Overall stress on livestock was minimal during the week, but pink-eye was reported in some cattle due to wet conditions.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 20, 2014, the State saw unseasonably cool temperatures and only isolated rainfall according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. With the dry conditions, wheat harvest was over one half complete. Also, producers in many areas started irrigating their row crops last week. The number of days suitable for fieldwork were 6.4. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 28 short, 66 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 26 short, 65 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 14 poor, 28 fair, 44 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat mature was 84 percent, ahead of 80 last year but behind a five year average of 87. Winter wheat harvested was 54 percent, ahead of 49 last year but behind 61 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 17 fair, 52 good, and 24 excellent. Corn silking was 62 percent, ahead of 45 last year, but near 60 average. Corn dough was 8 percent, ahead of 0 last year but near 6 average

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 54 good, and 19 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 73 percent, ahead of 61 last year and 62 average. Soybean setting pods was 32 percent, well ahead of 11 last year and 14 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 35 fair, 42 good, and 20 excellent. Sorghum headed was 23 percent, well ahead of 4 last year and 7 average. Sorghum coloring was 4 percent, ahead of 0 for both last year and average.

Oat conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 18 poor, 26 fair, 50 good, and 3 excellent. Oats coloring was 91 percent. Oats mature was 70 percent. Oats harvested was 31 percent, behind 60 last year and 56 average.

Dry bean conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 63 good, and 17 excellent. Dry beans blooming was 22 percent, near 24 last year and 25 average.

Proso millet planted was 90 percent, behind 100 both last year and average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 32 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 71 percent complete, near 69 last year and 74 average. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 16 percent complete, ahead of 1 last year and 9 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 30 fair, 46 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 7 short, 91 adequate, and 1 surplus.