Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

ff_admin
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 27, 2014, very little rainfall and below normal temperatures occurred across most areas of South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 23 short, 69 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 17 short, 77 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 69 good, and 9 excellent. Winter wheat mature was 78 percent, ahead of 67 last year but behind the five-year average of 87. Harvested was 27 percent, ahead of 18 last year but behind 55 average.

Spring wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 19 fair, 66 good, and 14 excellent. Coloring was 63 percent, well behind 88 last year and 89 average. Mature was 17 percent, near last year at 18, but well behind 44 average.

Oat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 14 fair, 77 good, and 9 excellent. Coloring was 73 percent, behind 86 last year and 87 average. Mature was 48 percent, ahead of last year at 37, but behind 54 average. Oats harvested was 21 percent, near last year at 18, but behind 29 average.

Barley conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 13 excellent. Headed was 91 percent, behind 100 last year and the average of 98. Coloring was 22 percent, well behind 80 last year and 81 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 14 excellent. Corn silking was 70 percent, ahead of 64 last year and 50 average. Corn in the dough stage was 4 percent, near 3 last year and 5 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 24 fair, 58 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 81 percent, ahead of 71 last year and 76 average. Setting pods was 35 percent, ahead of 17 last year and 25 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 10 fair, 82 good, and 8 excellent. Sorghum was 44 percent headed, ahead of 37 last year and 28 average. Sorghum coloring was 3 percent, near 1 last year and average.

Sunflowers emerged was 96 percent. Sunflowers blooming was 18 percent, ahead of 10 last year and 14 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 7 poor, 18 fair, 53 good, and 22 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 97 percent complete, equal to last year and near 98 average. Second cutting was 54 percent complete, behind 71 last year and 69 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 9 poor, 18 fair, 54 good, and 19 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 1 percent very short, 16 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 27, 2014, much of the state received needed precipitation according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The largest rainfall amounts were reported in the northern tier of the state. However, with the moisture came high winds and hail. Most of the hail was reported in the southwest and the worst of the wind damage was in the northeast. Statewide, there was 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 75 adequate, and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 79 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat turning color advanced to 73 percent. Mature was 3 percent. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 31 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent.

Durum wheat jointed was 83 percent, behind 99 last year and 97 for the five-year average. Headed rated 49 percent, well behind 89 last year and 82 average. Turning color was 10 percent, behind 18 last year and 19 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 78 good, and 5 excellent.

Spring wheat headed rated 91 percent, equal to last year, but behind 93 average. Turning color was 29 percent, equal to last year, but behind 36 average. Mature was 2 percent. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 64 good, and 18 excellent.

Barley headed rated 90 percent, behind last year at 93 and 95 average. Turning color was 35 percent, ahead of 31 last year, but behind 43 average. Mature was 1 percent. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 67 good, and 14 excellent.

Oats jointed rated 97 percent, near both last year and average at 100. Headed was at 87 percent, behind 91 last year 93 average. Turning color was 29 percent, behind 35 last year and 39 average. Mature was 3 percent. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 10 fair, 79 good, and 9 excellent.

Canola turning color was 25 percent, ahead of 14 last year, but behind 29 average. Conditions were 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 64 good, and 20 excellent.

Flaxseed blooming was 86 percent, near both last year at 88 and 84 average. Turning color was 5 percent, near 4 last year, but behind 12 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 71 good, and 10 excellent.

Dry edible peas blooming were 95 percent, behind both last year average at 97. Conditions were 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 68 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry beans blooming were 67 percent, ahead of last year at 59, but behind 74 average. Setting pods was 33 percent, ahead of last year at 15, but near 32 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 57 good, and 14 excellent.

Potatoes blooming were 86 percent, ahead of last year at 82, but behind 91 average. Rows filled was 41 percent, ahead of 32 last year, but behind 56 average. Conditions were 5 percent very poor, 10 poor, 27 fair, 50 good, and 8 excellent.

Corn silking was 34 percent, behind 46 last year and 52 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 17 fair, 54 good, and 24 excellent.

Soybeans blooming were 80 percent, ahead of 72 last year, but near 77 average. Setting pods was 35 percent, ahead of last year at 23, but near 37 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 22 fair, 61 good, and 15 excellent.

Sunflowers blooming were 3 percent, near last year at 5, but behind 14 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 20 fair, 69 good, and 10 excellent.

Sugarbeet conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 53 good, and 11 excellent.

First cutting of alfalfa was 93 percent complete, behind last year at 98 and 97 average. Second cutting of alfalfa was 10 percent complete, behind last year at 17 and 23 average. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 10 fair, 70 good, and 17 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 63 good, and 23 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 83 adequate, and 15 surplus.

Minnesota

Crop conditions in Minnesota fared well but development remained behind normal for the week ending July 27, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Farmers in southern Minnesota would like to see their crops receive a shot of rain to recharge moisture levels, while farmers in the northern part of the state experienced heavy rains earlier in the week. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork across the state.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.

Sixty-one percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the silking stage, 10 percentage points behind the five-year average, with 68 percent in good to excellent condition. Seventy-four percent of the soybean crop has reached the blooming stage. Pods are setting on 26 percent of the soybean acres, up 19 points from the previous week. Soybean conditions rated 64 percent good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of the Spring wheat crop has headed, with 36 percent turning color. Fifty-three percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop has headed, with 67 turning color and 16 percent harvested. Oat conditions improved to 67 percent rated good to excellent. Potato conditions remained at 84 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans progressed to 62 percent at or beyond the blooming stage, with 19 percent of the plants setting pods. Sugarbeet conditions remained at 29 percent good to excellent. Sunflower conditions were rated 38 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 62 percent complete, 12 points ahead of last week. Reports of third cuttings of alfalfa were observed in southern Minnesota. All hay conditions increased to 66 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions decreased to 73 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Harvest advanced 20 percentage points or more in Iowa for alfalfa hay and oats for grain during the week ending July 27, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. The majority of the State received little precipitation and left some farmers wishing for more rain. Activities for the week included aerial fungicide and herbicide application and cutting all types of hay.

Declining from last week, topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.

Eighty-five percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the silking stage, just over 2 weeks ahead of the previous year and almost 1 week ahead of the five-year average. Corn in the dough stage reached 14 percent, 7 points ahead of normal. Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition. Soybean progress advanced to 82 percent blooming or beyond, 10 days ahead of last year and just ahead of average. Forty-one percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, well ahead of last year’s 12 percent. Seventy-four percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week. With 94 percent of the oat acreage having turned color, oat harvest for grain was 44 percent complete, 1 percentage point ahead of last year but 15 percentage points behind normal. Seventy-four percent of the oat acreage was reported in good to excellent condition.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 74 percent complete, 2 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 5 points behind the five-year average. Some farmers started cutting their third crop of alfalfa hay during the week. Sixty-eight percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition decreased to 71 percent good to excellent. Stress on livestock was reported as minimal.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 27, 2014, above normal temperatures and limited precipitation drew on soil moisture supplies with irrigation active in most areas, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The dry conditions supported hay harvest which was active statewide. Wheat harvest continued moving north in Panhandle counties. The number of days suitable for fieldwork were 6.7. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 35 short, 59 adequate, and 0 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 29 short, 62 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat mature was 97 percent, ahead of 93 last year but equal to the five-year average. Winter wheat harvested was 79 percent, ahead of 72 last year but behind 83 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 52 good, and 22 excellent. Corn silking was 85 percent, ahead of 77 last year, but near 83 average. Corn dough was 23 percent, ahead of 3 last year and 15 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 55 good, and 17 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 83 percent, near 80 last year and 79 average. Soybean setting pods was 53 percent, well ahead of 22 last year and 30 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 41 good, and 21 excellent. Sorghum headed was 36 percent, well ahead of 23 last year and 20 average. Sorghum coloring was 5 percent, ahead of 0 last year and average.

Oat conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 18 poor, 27 fair, 49 good, and 3 excellent. Oats coloring was 97 percent. Oats mature was 84 percent. Oats harvested was 58 percent, well behind 79 last year and 73 average.

Dry bean conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 61 good, and 19 excellent. Dry beans blooming was 50 percent, behind 60 last year and 57 average.

Proso millet planted was 98 percent, near 100 both last year and average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 31 fair, 53 good, and 8 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 86 percent complete, equal to last year and near 87 average. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 36 percent complete, well ahead of 5 last year and 17 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 30 fair, 47 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 8 short, 89 adequate, and 1 surplus.