Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending August 10, 2014, below normal temperatures persisted across the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Scattered rain showers were reported in some areas of the state. Statewide, there were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 23 short, 74 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 21 short, 76 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 65 good, and 13 excellent. Winter wheat mature was 96 percent, near 98 last year and the five-year average of 99. Harvested was 75 percent, ahead of 70 last year but behind 88 average.

Spring wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 21 fair, 65 good, and 13 excellent. Coloring was 93 percent, behind 96 last year and 99 average. Mature was 64 percent, near last year at 66, but well behind 85 average. Spring wheat harvested was 11 percent, behind last year at 19 and well behind 55 average.

Oat conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 69 good, and 14 excellent. Coloring was 95 percent, near both last year and average at 98. Mature was 79 percent, behind last year at 91 and 90 average. Oats harvested was 62 percent, near last year at 61, but behind 70 average.

Barley conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 22 fair, 65 good, and 13 excellent. Coloring was 76 percent, well behind 98 last year and 97 average. Barley mature was 52 percent, well behind 87 last year and 78 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 95 percent, equal to last year but ahead of 85 average. Corn in the dough stage was 40 percent, ahead of 29 last year and 31 average. Corn dented was 1 percent, equal to last year and near 4 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 21 fair, 61 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 94 percent, near 92 last year and 93 average. Setting pods was 64 percent, ahead of 52 last year, but near 65 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 83 good, and 4 excellent. Sorghum was 74 percent headed, behind 80 last year but near 71 average. Sorghum coloring was 8 percent, behind 11 last year and 15 average.

Sunflowers conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 24 fair, 70 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 42 percent, ahead of 38 last year but behind 49 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 21 fair, 50 good, and 20 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 74 percent complete, behind 89 last year and 87 average. Third cutting was 12 percent complete, behind 17 last year and 23 average

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 9 poor, 23 fair, 54 good, and 13 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 2 percent very short, 15 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending August 10, 2014, most of North Dakota received little to no precipitation last week with the exception of 1 to 2 inches in the southwest portion of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that the persistent dry weather in the major row crop producing areas of the state was starting to impact crop development and significant moisture was needed soon. Average temperatures were near normal. Statewide, there were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 14 short, 77 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 82 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat turning color advanced to 96 percent. Mature was 45 percent. Harvested was 3 percent. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 29 fair, 52 good, and 8 excellent.

Durum wheat headed rated 93 percent, behind 100 last year and 98 for the five-year average. Turning color was 48 percent, behind 55 last year, but near 49 average. Mature was 3 percent. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 75 good, and 9 excellent.

Spring wheat turning color was 72 percent, near 70 last year and equal to average. Mature was 21 percent. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 63 good, and 20 excellent.

Barley turning color was 86 percent, near both last year and average at 83. Mature was 37 percent. Harvested was 2 percent, near 4 last year, but well behind 24 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 66 good, and 15 excellent.

Oats headed was 96 percent, near 99 last year and 100 average. Turning color was 75 percent, behind 81 last year and 79 average. Mature was 30 percent. Harvested was 3 percent, behind 9 last year and 22 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 9 fair, 80 good, and 9 excellent.

Canola turning color was 64 percent, ahead of 56 last year, but near 67 average. Conditions were 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 66 good, and 22 excellent.

Flaxseed blooming was 95 percent, near last year at 96 and 97 average. Turning color was 39 percent, ahead of 23 last year, but near 38 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 72 good, and 11 excellent.

Dry edible peas dropping leaves were 15 percent. Conditions were 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 66 good, and 11 excellent.

Dry beans blooming were 94 percent, ahead of last year at 86, but near 95 average. Setting pods was 64 percent, ahead of last year at 57, but behind 77 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 24 fair, 54 good, and 15 excellent.

Potatoes at the rows filled stage was 78 percent, ahead of 67 last year, but behind 87 average. Conditions were 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 28 fair, 51 good, and 9 excellent.

Corn silking was 85 percent, behind 90 last year, but near 88 average. Corn in the dough stage was 13 percent, ahead of 9 last year, but behind 26 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 55 good, and 22 excellent.

Soybeans blooming were 95 percent, ahead of 91 last year, but equal to average. Setting pods was 75 percent, ahead of last year at 65, but near 76 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 23 fair, 58 good, and 15 excellent.

Sunflowers blooming were 44 percent, ahead of last year at 34, but behind 55 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 19 fair, 70 good, and 10 excellent.

Sugarbeet conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 31 fair, 51 good, and 10 excellent.

Second cutting of alfalfa was 42 percent complete, behind last year and average at 57. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 11 fair, 66 good, and 19 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 61 good, and 22 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 85 adequate, and 12 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers saw 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork across the state, allowing steady progress to be made on small grain harvest for the week ending August 10, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. In spite of the heavy precipitation received earlier in the season, most Minnesota farmers would like to see their row crops receive additional moisture. Some farmers have started to spray for aphids.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5 percent very short, 31 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 18 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the silking stage, up 9 points from the previous week, with 70 percent in good to excellent condition. Ninety-four percent of the soybean crop has reached the blooming stage with 74 percent of the soybean acres setting pods, up 19 points from the previous week. Soybean conditions rated 65 percent good to excellent. Eighty-one percent of the Spring wheat crop was turning color or beyond, with six percent of the crop harvested. Fifty-four percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Ninety-three percent of the oat crop was turning color or beyond. At 54 percent complete, the oat harvest is the only Minnesota crop ahead of average. Oat conditions decreased to 62 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans progressed to 92 percent at or beyond the blooming stage, with 69 percent setting pods. Dry edible bean condition was unchanged from last week with 53 percent of the crop in good to excellent condition. Sugarbeet conditions increased slightly from last week and now stand at 65 percent in good to excellent condition. Sunflower conditions held steady at 38 percent rated good to excellent.

The second and third cuttings of alfalfa hay were 86 and 28 percent complete, respectively, both behind the five-year average. All hay conditions decreased slightly to 69 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions decreased to 64 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Due to varying amounts of precipitation, some areas of Iowa had less than 3 days suitable for field work while others had more than 6 days during the week ending August 10, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.6 days suitable for field work during the week. Insecticides were applied to help combat growing soybean aphid populations.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 23 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 19 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Over half of Iowa’s corn acreage was in the dough stage or beyond, more than 2 weeks ahead of 2013 and a week ahead of the five-year average. Seven percent of the corn crop reached the dent stage, ahead of last year but 4 percentage points behind normal. Seventy-six percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition. Over three-quarters of the soybean acreage was setting pods or beyond, almost 30 percentage points above last year, but only 4 points above average. Seventy-five percent of the soybean crop is in good to excellent condition. Oat harvest for grain was 87 percent complete, 3 percentage points behind the previous year and 6 points behind the normal pace.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 93 percent complete, just above last year but equal to the five-year average. The third cutting of alfalfa hay advanced to 22 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year but just over one week behind normal. Sixty-six percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition decreased for the fourth week in a row and now stands at 58 percent good to excellent. Stress on livestock was minimal with the cooler than normal temperatures.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending August 10, 2014, rain beginning at mid-week and continuing into the weekend covered much of the state with 1 to 2 inches of precipitation, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. This lowered irrigation demands and supported dryland crops and pastures. Hail was reported in a number of central areas over the weekend. Wheat harvest was nearly complete, with only scattered fields remaining. The wet conditions again made hay harvest a challenge. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.2. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 30 short, 59 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 31 short, 58 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 98 percent, near 97 last year and 99 for the five-year average.

Corn conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 51 good, and 20 excellent. Corn silking was 99 percent, near 98 last year and average. Corn dough was 62 percent, well ahead of 32 last year and 52 average. Corn dented was 6 percent, ahead of 1 last year, but behind 14 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 22 fair, 54 good, and 16 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 96 percent, near 95 last year and the average. Soybean setting pods was 80 percent, ahead of 69 last year and 71 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 32 fair, 41 good, and 20 excellent. Sorghum headed was 79 percent, well ahead of 55 last year and 64 average. Sorghum coloring was 26 percent, well ahead of 0 last year and 1 average.

Oats harvested was 95 percent, ahead of 91 last year and equal to the average.

Dry bean conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 61 good, and 20 excellent. Dry beans blooming was 86 percent, near 84 last year, but behind 93 average. Dry beans setting pods was 68 percent, behind 75 last year, but near 67 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 30 fair, 52 good, and 9 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 97 percent complete, ahead of 91 last year, but equal to the average. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 58 percent complete, well ahead of 30 last year and 51 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 11 poor, 32 fair, 44 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 9 short, 88 adequate, and 1 surplus.