Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

ff_admin
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS — For the week ending August 24, 2014, rain and humid conditions across South Dakota slowed small grain harvest, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Above average temperatures in the east aided row crop development. Statewide, there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 16 short, 79 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 18 short, 76 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 94 percent, near 93 last year, but behind 98 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 57 good, and 11 excellent. Mature was 92 percent, behind last year at 97 and 99 average. Spring wheat harvested was 57 percent, well behind last year at 72 and 87 average.

Oats harvested was 93 percent, near last year at 91, and equal to average.

Barley conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 22 fair, 64 good, and 13 excellent. Barley mature was 90 percent, behind both last year and average at 97. Barley harvested was 50 percent, behind 53 last year and well behind 78 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 59 good, and 13 excellent. Corn in the dough stage was 83 percent, ahead of 77 last year and 73 average. Corn dented was 13 percent, near 16 last year, but behind 27 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 57 good, and 14 excellent. Setting pods was 93 percent, near 89 last year and equal to average. Soybeans dropping leaves was 1 percent, near 2 last year, but behind 7 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 81 good, and 5 excellent. Sorghum was 95 percent headed, near 97 last year and 94 average. Sorghum coloring was 41 percent, well ahead of 29 last year, but near 38 average.

Sunflowers conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 35 fair, 60 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 84 percent, near 88 last year, but behind 92 average. Ray flowers dried was at 2 percent, behind 7 last year and 19 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 9 poor, 21 fair, 50 good, and 20 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 90 percent complete, behind 96 last year and 95 average. Third cutting was 31 percent complete, behind 46 last year and 47 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 24 fair, 54 good, and 13 excellent.

Stock water supplies were 2 percent very short, 14 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. — For the week ending August 24, 2014, heavy rainfall last week halted small grain harvest, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Almost the entire state received at least an inch of moisture last week, with areas in the southwest reporting totals of 4 to 5 inches. The moisture was needed for row crop development. However, flooding in localized areas caused losses of hay, fencing, and crops. Statewide, there were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 72 adequate, and 21 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 80 adequate, and 13 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat mature was 95 percent. Harvested was 40 percent. Conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 15 poor, 30 fair, 44 good, and 6 excellent.

Durum wheat turning color was 85 percent, near 88 last year and 86 for the five-year average. Mature was 49 percent. Harvested was 9 percent, near 11 last year, but behind 25 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 73 good, and 7 excellent.

Spring wheat turning color was 94 percent, equal to last year and near 95 average. Mature was 63 percent. Harvested was 10 percent, behind 25 last year and well behind 43 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 61 good, and 19 excellent.

Barley mature was 87 percent. Harvested was 26 percent, behind 33 last year and well behind 55 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 65 good, and 14 excellent.

Oats turning color was 93 percent, behind 99 last year, but near 96 average. Mature was 74 percent. Harvested was 28 percent, behind 46 last year and 53 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 71 good, and 13 excellent.

Canola turning color was 92 percent, ahead of 87 last year, but near 91 average. Harvested was 8 percent, behind 11 last year and 25 average. Conditions were 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 67 good, and 19 excellent.

Flaxseed turning color was 79 percent, ahead of 73 last year, but near 80 average. Harvested was 1 percent, near 2 last year, but behind 13 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 71 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry edible peas dropping leaves were 86 percent. Harvested was 35 percent, behind 59 last year and well behind 67 average. Conditions were 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 65 good, and 11 excellent.

Dry beans setting pods was 90 percent, near last year at 89, but behind 96 average. Dropping leaves was 28 percent, ahead of 0 last year and 18 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 24 fair, 57 good, and 11 excellent.

Potatoes at the rows filled stage was 94 percent, near 92 last year, but behind 98 average. Conditions were 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 53 good, and 10 excellent.

Corn in the dough stage was 57 percent, ahead of 53 last year, but behind 61 average. Dented was 2 percent, near last year at 4, but behind 20 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 17 fair, 56 good, and 22 excellent.

Soybeans setting pods was 94 percent, ahead of last year at 91, but near 96 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 59 good, and 16 excellent.

Sunflowers blooming were 92 percent, ahead of last year at 86, but near 93 average. Ray flowers dried were 3 percent, behind last year at 9 and 22 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 70 good, and 13 excellent.

Sugarbeet conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 29 fair, 53 good, and 10 excellent.

Second cutting of alfalfa was 66 percent complete, behind last year at 88 and average at 85. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 12 fair, 63 good, and 21 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 61 good, and 22 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 84 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Minnesota

Widespread rains in Minnesota slowed small grains harvesting and allowed for 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork across the state during the week ending August 24, 2014, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The additional rains helped improve row crop and pasture conditions. Field activities for the week included tilling preventative planting acres for weed control, spraying for aphids, and preparing combines for harvest.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 3 percent very short, 19 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 17 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage, up 15 percentage points from the previous week, with 71 percent in good to excellent condition. Ninety-two percent of the soybean acres are setting pods, up 7 points from the previous week. Soybean conditions increased slightly and now stand at 66 percent good to excellent. Spring wheat harvest, at 22 percent complete, is nearly three weeks behind the five year average. Fifty-seven percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Five percent of the potato crop has been harvested, 12 points behind average. Potato conditions decreased slightly to 83 percent good to excellent. Seventy-five percent of the oat crop is now harvested, 5 days behind the five-year average. Dry edible beans progressed to 85 percent setting pods. Dry edible bean condition increased slightly from last week with 55 percent of the crop now in good to excellent condition. Sugarbeet conditions increased from last week and now stand at 70 percent in good to excellent condition. Sunflower conditions held steady at 39 percent rated good to excellent.

The second and third cuttings of alfalfa hay were 94 and 53 percent complete, respectively. All hay conditions increased to 68 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions increased to 63 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Much-needed precipitation limited fieldwork to 4.2 days suitable across Iowa during the week ending August 24, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Above normal temperatures during the week aided crop development. Activities for the week included spraying for insects, baling hay, and hauling grain.

Topsoil moisture levels improved and rated 4 percent very short, 19 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 21 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Eighty-eight percent of Iowa’s corn crop was in the dough stage or beyond, 17 days ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of the five-year average. Corn crop in the dent stage reached 33 percent, 25 percentage points above the previous year but 9 points below normal. Three-quarters of the corn acreage was reported in good to excellent condition. Ninety-four percent of the soybean crop was setting pods or beyond, 13 percentage points above last year and 1 point above average. With a few farmers reporting soybean leaves starting to turn color, 73 percent of the soybean acreage was in good to excellent condition. Oat harvest for grain was nearing completion, slightly behind the previous year and normal.

With the second cutting of alfalfa hay nearing completion, the third cutting of alfalfa hay was 46 percent complete, 11 percentage points below last year and 18 points below the five-year average. Sixty-four percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition rated 56 percent good to excellent. Stress on livestock increased this week due to heat and flies.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending August 24, 2014, multiple rain events accumulated to an inch of moisture in many areas, limiting irrigation needs and supporting dryland crops and pastures, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Humid conditions slowed drydown of cut hay. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 5.2 Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 28 short, 64 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 31 short, 58 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 51 good, and 20 excellent. Corn dough was 89 percent, ahead of 80 last year, but near 88 for the five-year average. Corn dented was 44 percent, well ahead of 26 last year, but near 47 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 53 good, and 18 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 95 percent, near 93 last year and 94 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 33 fair, 41 good, and 19 excellent. Sorghum headed was 97 percent, ahead of 87 last year and 90 average. Sorghum coloring was 49 percent, well ahead of 7 last year and 17 average.

Dry bean conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 60 good, and 21 excellent. Dry beans blooming was 95 percent. Dry beans setting pods was 89 percent, behind 95 last year and 96 average. Dry beans dropping leaves was 4 percent, equal to last year and near 2 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 32 fair, 48 good, and 11 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 82 percent complete, ahead of 76 last year, but near 80 average. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was 2 percent complete, equal to last year, but behind 8 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 10 poor, 34 fair, 43 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 9 short, 88 adequate, and 1 surplus.