Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending August 31, 2014, below normal temperatures and scattered rainfall across most areas of the state slowed small grain harvest, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, there were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 83 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 14 short, 82 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 97 percent, near 98 last year and 100 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 9 poor, 27 fair, 51 good, and 13 excellent. Mature was 97 percent, near last year at 98 and 100 average. Spring wheat harvested was 68 percent, well behind last year at 93 and 96 average.

Oats harvested was 97 percent, equal to last year and near 98 average.

Barley conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 64 good, and 13 excellent. Barley mature was 94 percent, behind 98 last year and average at 99. Barley harvested was 79 percent, behind 85 last year and 92 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 58 good, and 16 excellent. Corn in the dough stage was 89 percent, near 88 last year and 87 average. Corn dented was 41 percent, near 38 last year, but behind 46 average. Corn mature was 1 percent, equal to last year and near 4 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 58 good, and 16 excellent. Setting pods was 96 percent, equal to last year, and near 97 average. Soybeans dropping leaves was 4 percent, near 7 last year, but behind 20 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 79 good, and 8 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 60 percent, ahead of 49 last year, but near 57 average. Mature was 1 percent, equal to last year and near 4 average.

Sunflower conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 40 fair, 54 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 94 percent, behind 97 last year and 98 average. Ray flowers dried was at 17 percent, equal to last year, but behind 38 average. Bracts turning yellow was 1 percent.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 24 fair, 52 good, and 19 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 94 percent complete, near 96 last year and 97 average. Third cutting was 38 percent complete, behind 69 last year and 61 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 26 fair, 56 good, and 12 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending August 31, 2014, rain and below normal temperatures continued to slow small grain harvest, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The moisture was needed for row crop development; however, it was beginning to have a negative impact on unharvested small grain crops. Statewide, there were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 76 adequate, and 20 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 82 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 59 percent

Durum wheat turning color was 90 percent, near 94 last year and 93 for the five-year average. Mature was 59 percent. Harvested was 14 percent, near 17 last year, but behind 37 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent.

Spring wheat turning color was 98 percent, near 99 last year and equal to the average. Mature was 79 percent. Harvested was 21 percent, well behind 49 last year and 60 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 17 excellent.

Barley mature was 96 percent. Harvested was 42 percent, behind 57 last year and well behind 72 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 63 good, and 12 excellent.

Oats turning color was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 99 average. Mature was 86 percent. Harvested was 37 percent, well behind 63 last year and 69 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 69 good, and 12 excellent.

Canola turning color was 96 percent, ahead of 92 last year, but equal to the average. Harvested was 18 percent, behind 35 last year and 44 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 67 good, and 21 excellent.

Flaxseed turning color was 90 percent, ahead of 86 last year, but equal to the average. Harvested was 3 percent, behind 11 last year and 21 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 71 good, and 9 excellent.

Dry edible peas dropping leaves was 95 percent. Harvested was 66 percent, behind 83 last year and 84 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 65 good, and 11 excellent.

Dry beans setting pods was 98 percent, near last year at 97 and 99 average. Dropping leaves was 50 percent, ahead of 27 last year and 37 average. Harvested was 2 percent, near 0 last year, but behind 6 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 25 fair, 56 good, and 10 excellent.

Potatoes at the rows filled stage was 98 percent, near 95 last year and 99 average. Vines dry was 7 percent, near 3 last year, but behind 24 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent.

Corn in the dough stage was 73 percent, ahead of 69 last year, but near 75 average. Dented was 13 percent, near last year at 14, but behind 34 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 57 good, and 22 excellent.

Soybeans setting pods was 97 percent, equal to last year, but near 99 average. Dropping leaves was 7 percent, behind 14 last year and 11 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 59 good, and 16 excellent.

Sunflowers blooming was 97 percent, equal to last year, but near 98 average. Ray flowers dried was 34 percent, behind last year at 25 and 42 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 70 good, and 13 excellent.

Sugarbeet conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 14 excellent.

Second cutting of alfalfa was 74 percent complete, behind last year at 96 and average at 91. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 62 good, and 21 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 62 good, and 22 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 84 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Minnesota

Despite 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork, spotty rain and soggy conditions kept small grain harvest behind the five year average across the state during the week ending August 31, 2014, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Adequate moisture has helped pasture and row crop conditions continued to improve, however scattered reports suggest this has hurt the quality of hay and wheat in some counties. Several reporters are hoping for a late killing frost to give row crops a chance to mature.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus.

Eighty-eight percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage, up 10 percentage points from the previous week, with 72 percent in good to excellent condition. Thirty-four percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage, 13 percentage points behind the 5 year average. Ninety-five percent of the soybean acres are setting pods, up 3 points from the previous week. Soybean conditions increased slightly and now stand at 68 percent good to excellent. Spring wheat harvest, at 35 percent complete, remains nearly three weeks behind the five year average. Fifty-six percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Fifteen percent of the potato crop has been harvested, 8 points behind average. Potato conditions increased slightly to 84 percent good to excellent. Eighty-two percent of the oat crop is now harvested, one week the behind the five-year average. Dry edible beans progressed to 92 percent setting pods. Dry edible bean condition remained the same at 55 percent good to excellent condition. Sugarbeet conditions also remained unchanged at 70 percent good to excellent condition.

The second and third cuttings of alfalfa hay were 96 and 63 percent complete, respectively. All hay conditions increased to 70 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions increased to 67 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Frequent precipitation hindered fieldwork with only 2.3 days suitable across Iowa during the week ending August 31, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Above average temperatures aided crop development, and farmers are hopeful these temperatures will continue. Wet conditions have slowed hay harvest. Diseases in both corn and soybeans were reported across the State.

Recent precipitation increased soil moisture. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 15 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 15 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. East central Iowa was the driest with one-quarter of its topsoil in very short to short condition.

Over ninety percent of Iowa’s corn crop was in the dough stage or beyond, 23 percentage points above of last year and 6 points above the five-year average. Fifty-three percent of the corn crop had reached the dent stage, 8 days ahead of the previous year but 4 days behind normal. With corn beginning to mature, 76 percent of the corn acreage was reported in good to excellent condition. Ninety-six percent of the soybean crop was setting pods or beyond, 1 week ahead of last year but slightly behind average. Soybean leaves turning color reached 8 percent, 5 percentage points ahead of the previous year but 10 points behind the normal pace. Seventy-three percent of the soybean acreage was in good to excellent condition. Oat harvest for grain was virtually complete.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 53 percent complete, 22 percentage points below last year and 23 points below the five-year average. Sixty-six percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition improved to 62 percent good to excellent. High humidity caused stress for some livestock. There were a few reports of calves being weaned.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending August 31, 2014, most of the State received some rain with the heaviest amounts in the east central areas, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Much of the State saw below normal temperatures with only the southeast corner being above normal. Crops and pastures benefited from the rains with only hay harvest being hindered. Also, there were a few reports of winter wheat being seeded. The number of days suitable for fieldwork was 3.4. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 23 short, 67 adequate and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 27 short, 62 adequate and 10 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 50 good, and 21 excellent. Corn dough was 94 percent, near 91 last year and 95 for the five-year average. Corn dented was 61 percent, ahead of 48 last year, but behind 65 average. Corn mature was 8 percent, ahead of 1 last year, but equal to the average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 54 good, and 18 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 5 percent, near 4 last year and 2 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 33 fair, 40 good, and 20 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 71 percent, well ahead of 30 last year and 35 average.

Dry bean conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 61 good, and 20 excellent. Dry beans setting pods was 92 percent, behind 96 last year and 98 average. Dry beans dropping leaves was 39 percent, ahead of 32 last year and 17 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 30 fair, 51 good, and 11 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 90 percent complete, ahead of 84 last year and 86 average. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was 19 percent complete, ahead of 5 last year, but near 17 average.

Proso millet harvested was 1 percent, behind 12 last year and 6 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 9 poor, 33 fair, 44 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 92 adequate, and 1 surplus.