Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 7, 2014, below normal temperatures persisted across most areas of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rain was reported in the southeast portion of the state. Statewide, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 14 short, 82 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 13 short, 83 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 4 percent, equal to last year, but behind 10 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat harvested was 88 percent, behind last year and average at 99.

Barley mature was 98 percent. Barley harvested was 89 percent, behind 96 last year and 98 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 57 good, and 16 excellent. Corn in the dough stage was 96 percent, near 97 last year and 94 average. Dented was 63 percent, equal to last year, but behind 68 average. Corn mature was 5 percent, near 4 last year, but behind 12 average.

Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 59 good, and 16 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 12 percent, behind 25 last year and 39 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 79 good, and 8 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 69 percent, behind 72 last year and 79 average. Mature was 2 percent, near 6 last year, but behind 13 average.

Sunflower conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 35 fair, 58 good, and 5 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 98 percent, equal to last year and near 99 average. Ray flowers dried was at 47 percent, behind 57 last year and 65 average. Bracts turning yellow was 12 percent, near 9 last year, but behind 32 average. Turning brown was 1 percent complete.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 24 fair, 51 good, and 20 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 98 percent complete. Third cutting was 48 percent complete, well behind 79 last year and 72 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 26 fair, 56 good, and 12 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 7, 2014, persistent rainfall hindered harvest of small grains, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The northern and central parts of the State received enough moisture to significantly slow harvest progress. Hail was reported in isolated areas, impacting standing crops. Even though the southern third of the State received mid-week moisture, it was not as much as the rest of the State and producers were able to make good harvest progress. Warmer and drier conditions were needed to help row crops reach maturity. Statewide, there were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 78 adequate, and 19 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 82 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested reached 76 percent.

Durum wheat turning color was 96 percent, near 99 last year and 98 for the five-year average. Mature was 69 percent. Harvested was 20 percent, well behind 45 last year and 53 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 71 good, and 6 excellent.

Spring wheat mature was 92 percent. Harvested was 42 percent, well behind 70 last year and 74 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 58 good, and 16 excellent.

Barley harvested was 62 percent, behind 76 last year and 86 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 60 good, and 12 excellent.

Oats mature was 93 percent. Harvested was 54 percent, well behind 86 last year and 84 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 15 fair, 68 good, and 11 excellent.

Canola harvested was 40 percent, behind 53 last year and 59 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 62 good, and 22 excellent.

Flaxseed turning color was 95 percent, ahead of 89 last year, but equal to the average. Harvested was 16 percent, behind 21 last year and 33 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 71 good, and 8 excellent.

Dry edible peas harvested was 84 percent, behind 92 last year and 94 average.

Dry beans dropping leaves was 75 percent, ahead of 58 last year and 55 average. Harvested was 8 percent, near 9 last year, but behind 12 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 25 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent.

Potatoes at the vines dry stage was 25 percent, near 23 last year, but behind 39 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent.

Corn in the dough stage was 88 percent, near 87 last year and equal to the average. Dented was 37 percent, behind last year at 48 and 56 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 17 fair, 57 good, and 21 excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves was 19 percent, behind 31 last year and 25 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 59 good, and 16 excellent.

Sunflowers at the ray flowers dry stage was 60 percent, ahead of last year at 44, but near 63 average. Bracts yellow were 4 percent, behind 9 last year and well behind 27 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 70 good, and 13 excellent.

Sugarbeets harvested was 2 percent, near 3 last year and 5 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 49 good, and 15 excellent.

Second cutting of alfalfa was 84 percent complete, behind last year at 100 and average at 96. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 63 good, and 20 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 62 good, and 22 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 83 adequate, and 15 surplus.

Minnesota

Northwest Minnesota farmers took advantage of drier weather conditions to advance small grain harvest progress during the week ending September 7, 2014, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Increasing moisture levels helped improve pasture and row crop conditions for many Minnesota crops, but farmers would like to see warmer conditions to advance row development. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork across the state.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 11 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.

Ninety-four percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dough stage, slightly ahead of last year and the five-year average. With 72 percent of the crop in good to excellent condition, 61 percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage. With nearly all of the soybeans crop setting pods, 26 percent is turning color, 5 days behind average. Soybean conditions increased slightly and now stand at 69 percent good to excellent. Spring wheat harvest, at 54 percent complete, remains over two weeks behind the five year average. Fifty-seven percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Twenty-one percent of the potato crop has been harvested, 10 days behind average. Potato conditions remained unchanged with 84 percent good to excellent. Ninety percent of the oat crop is now harvested, more than a week behind last year and the five-year average. With nearly all the dry edible bean acreage setting pods, 83 percent of the crop is fully podded. Thirty-five percent of the dry edible bean crop is at or beyond the coloring stage, with 55 percent good to excellent condition. Sugarbeet conditions increased to 74 percent good to excellent condition. Sugarbeet harvesting has started, but has been delayed due to wet field conditions.

The third cuttings of alfalfa hay was 76 percent complete, 16 points ahead of the previous year. All hay conditions increased to 72 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions increased to 69 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Precipitation early in the week slowed fieldwork to only 3.7 days suitable across Iowa during the week ending September 7, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures for the week were above normal aiding crop development. Disease concerns were reported in both corn and soybeans across parts of the State. Activities for the week included chopping silage, harvesting hay, and seeding cover crops.

Recent precipitation increased soil moisture. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus.

Almost all of Iowa’s corn crop was in the dough stage or beyond, and 72 percent had reached the dent stage, 1 week ahead of the previous year but 3 days behind the five-year average. Six percent of the corn acreage was mature, slightly ahead of last year but almost 2 weeks behind normal. Unchanged from last week, 76 percent of the corn acreage was reported in good to excellent condition. With almost the entire soybean crop setting pods or beyond, 26 percent of soybean leaves were turning color, 5 days ahead of the previous year, but 4 days behind average. Seventy-three percent of the soybean acreage was in good to excellent condition, equal to the previous week.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 64 percent complete, almost 2 weeks behind both last year and the five-year average. Sixty-seven percent of all hay was rated in good to excellent condition. Pasture condition rated 63 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as excellent with limited heat and insect stress.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending September 7, 2014, cool temperatures coupled with rain slowed fieldwork activities early and again late in the week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Moisture accumulations in most areas were less than an inch but enough to make hay harvest difficult. Irrigation was in the final stages and corn silage harvest began in southern counties. Winter wheat seeding was underway in the west. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 23 short, 68 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 27 short, 63 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 11 percent, ahead of 5 last year, but equal to the five-year average.

Corn conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 50 good, and 22 excellent. Corn dough was 98 percent, near 97 last year and equal to the average. Corn dented was 75 percent, ahead of 69 last year, but behind 80 average. Corn mature was 15 percent, ahead of 4 last year, but near 16 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 53 good, and 19 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 10 percent, near 14 last year and equal to the average.

Sorghum conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 33 fair, 39 good, and 21 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 83 percent, well ahead of 61 last year and 59 average. Sorghum mature was 3 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but near 2 average.

Dry bean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 62 good, and 20 excellent. Dry beans setting pods was 94 percent. Dry beans dropping leaves was 69 percent, behind 74 last year, but well ahead of 44 average. Dry beans harvested was 4 percent, behind 15 last year and 8 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 29 fair, 52 good, and 11 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was 95 percent complete, near 94 last year and 92 average. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was 34 percent complete, ahead of 12 last year, but near 30 average.

Proso millet harvested was 3 percent, well behind 42 last year and 18 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 8 poor, 33 fair, 45 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 92 adequate, and 1 surplus.