Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

ff_admin
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 14, 2014, cool, wet weather dominated the weather pattern across most areas of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rain was reported statewide with heavier amounts in the south. Statewide, there were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 85 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 13 short, 83 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 14 percent, equal to last year, but behind 19 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat harvested was 94 percent, behind both 100 last year and average.

Barley harvested was 95 percent, behind both 100 last year and average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 58 good, and 16 excellent. Dented was 80 percent, near 82 last year and 81 average. Corn mature was 10 percent, behind 16 last year and 26 average.

Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 16 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 28 percent, behind 44 last year and 56 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 13 fair, 78 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 80 percent, near 84 last year, but behind 90 average. Mature was 7 percent, near 11 last year, but behind 22 average.

Sunflower conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 33 fair, 60 good, and 5 excellent. Ray flowers dried was at 59 percent, well behind 80 last year and 86 average. Bracts turning yellow was 28 percent, behind 34 last year and 57 average. Turning brown was 4 percent complete.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 56 good, and 20 excellent. Third cutting was 58 percent complete, well behind 87 last year and 78 average. Fourth cutting was 3 percent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 24 fair, 58 good, and 12 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 14, 2014, frost was experienced over much of the state with average temperatures three to five degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Freezing temperatures affected late season crop development in some areas. Small grain harvest was delayed early in the week, but picked up progress later as conditions improved. Cattle remained on pastures and hay was being hauled from fields to farm sites. Statewide, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 80 adequate, and 16 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 83 adequate, and 13 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested reached 87 percent. Planting of the 2015 crop was 25 percent complete, equal to last year.

Durum wheat mature was 87 percent. Harvested was 34 percent, well behind 61 last year and 68 for the five-year average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 68 good, and 6 excellent.

Spring wheat mature was 97 percent. Harvested was 65 percent, well behind 86 last year and 84 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 59 good, and 15 excellent.

Barley harvested was 83 percent, behind 89 last year and 93 average.

Oats mature was 96 percent. Harvested was 72 percent, well behind 96 last year and 93 average.

Canola harvested was 69 percent, near 71 last year and 72 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 15 fair, 63 good, and 19 excellent.

Flaxseed harvested was 29 percent, behind 35 last year and well behind 48 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 68 good, and 8 excellent.

Dry edible peas harvested was 92 percent, near 96 last year, but behind 98 average.

Dry beans dropping leaves was 88 percent, ahead of 80 last year and 71 average. Harvested was 16 percent, behind 23 last year and 25 average. Conditions rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 25 fair, 53 good, and 10 excellent.

Potatoes at the vines dry stage was 55 percent, ahead of 45 last year, but behind 61 average. Harvest was 6 percent complete, near 3 last year, but behind 15 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent.

Corn in the dough stage was 95 percent, near 96 last year and 94 average. Dented was 59 percent, behind last year at 68 and 71 average. Mature was 2 percent, behind 8 last year and well behind 24 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 56 good, and 20 excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves was 37 percent, behind 55 last year and 45 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 58 good, and 17 excellent.

Sunflowers at the ray flowers dry stage was 70 percent, behind last year at 76 and 83 average. Bracts yellow were 19 percent, behind 32 last year and well behind 50 average. Conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 66 good, and 13 excellent.

Sugarbeets harvested was 4 percent, near 6 last year and 7 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 49 good, and 15 excellent.

Second cutting of alfalfa was 88 percent complete, behind last year at 100 and average at 98. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 63 good, and 20 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 14 fair, 60 good, and 22 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 83 adequate, and 15 surplus.

Minnesota

Light frost arrived in Minnesota Friday night into Saturday morning, leaving farmers unsure of the impact on crop yields, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Even though there were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork across the State, cool damp mornings continue to slow small grain harvest.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 10 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus.

Eighty-one percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the dent stage, ahead of last year but slightly behind the five year average. With 9 percent of the corn crop mature, 71 percent of the crop is in good to excellent condition. Corn silage harvest is underway. Fifty-five percent of the soybean crop was turning color, 4 days behind average. Twelve percent of the crop was dropping leaves, with 67 percent in good to excellent condition. Spring wheat harvest, at 74 percent complete, remains over two weeks behind average. This is the slowest pace since 2009. Thirty-one percent of the potato crop has been harvested, 4 days behind average. Potato conditions remained unchanged with 84 percent good to excellent. Ninety-six percent of the oat crop is now harvested, only the second time in the last ten years that harvest has not been complete at this time. Ninety-one percent of the dry edible bean crop is fully podded, with 67 percent of the crop at or beyond the coloring stage. Dry edible bean condition decreased to 53 percent in good to excellent condition. With sugarbeet harvest underway, conditions decreased slightly to 72 percent in good to excellent condition.

The third cuttings of alfalfa hay was 82 percent complete, 2 points ahead of the previous year. All hay remained unchanged at 72 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions increased to 71 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Heavy rains restricted fieldwork to only 2.6 days suitable across Iowa during the week ending September 14, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures for the week were below normal, slowing crop development. Frost was reported across much of the state but caused little damage. Activities for the week included chopping silage, harvesting hay, and seeding cover crops.

Yet another week of above normal precipitation increased soil moisture levels across the state. Topsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus.

Iowa’s corn crop reached 83 percent in or beyond the dent stage, 5 days ahead of the previous year but 4 days behind the five-year average. Nineteen percent of the corn acreage was mature, 3 days ahead of last year but 11 days behind normal. Unchanged from previous 2 weeks, 76 percent of the corn acreage was reported in good to excellent condition. Leaves were changing color on fifty-one percent of soybean crop, 4 days ahead of the previous year, but 4 days behind average. Seventy-four percent of the soybean acreage was in good to excellent condition.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 71 percent complete, just over 2 weeks behind both last year and the five-year average. Pasture condition rated 66 percent good to excellent. Reports indicated hay conditions were wet with concerns that a third cutting may not be completed.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending September 14, 2014, below normal temperatures coupled with rain in the east and light snow in western portions of the State slowed fieldwork activities, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Moisture accumulations across the southeastern third of the state were an inch or more with lesser amounts elsewhere. Frost was recorded during the week. Winter wheat seeding continued in western counties. The number of days considered suitable for fieldwork were 3.8. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 19 short, 71 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 24 short, 65 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 26 percent, ahead of 20 last year, but near 27 for the five-year average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 51 good, and 22 excellent. Corn dented was 88 percent, equal to last year, but behind 92 average. Corn mature was 29 percent, ahead of 14 last year, but near 28 average.

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 54 good, and 19 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 25 percent, behind 33 last year, but near 26 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 32 fair, 39 good, and 22 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 89 percent, ahead of 81 last year and 76 average. Sorghum mature was 10 percent, ahead of 3 last year, but near 8 average.

Dry bean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 63 good, and 20 excellent. Dry beans setting pods was 98 percent. Dry beans dropping leaves was 76 percent, behind 89 last year, but ahead of 66 average. Dry beans harvested was 15 percent, behind 29 last year and 23 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 28 fair, 52 good, and 12 excellent. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was 40 percent complete, ahead of 34 last year, but behind 47 average.

Proso millet harvested was 4 percent, well behind 60 last year and 33 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 8 poor, 33 fair, 46 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 5 short, 91 adequate, and 3 surplus.