Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 28, 2014, temperatures were well above normal temperatures, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The warmer weather helped advance row crop development. Statewide, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 17 short, 80 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 15 short, 81 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 63 percent, equal to last year and near the five-year average of 61. Emerged was 14 percent, equal to last year, but behind 19 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 59 good, and 15 excellent. Dented was 96 percent, near 95 last year and equal to average. Corn mature was 48 percent, behind 62 last year and 65 average. Harvested was 2 percent, behind 10 last year and 14 average.

Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 61 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 85 percent, equal to last year, but behind 90 average. Soybeans harvested was 7 percent, behind 12 last year and 22 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 13 fair, 78 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 92 percent, behind last year and average at 98. Mature was 27 percent, behind 55 last year and 59 average. Harvest was 3 percent, behind 10 last year and 16 average.

Sunflower conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 33 fair, 60 good, and 4 excellent. Ray flowers dried was 90 percent, behind 96 last year and 98 average. Bracts turning yellow was 75 percent, behind 83 last year and 86 average. Turning brown was 33 percent complete. Harvested was 1 percent, near 2 last year and 3 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 58 good, and 18 excellent. Third cutting was 88 percent complete, near 90 last year and 89 average. Fourth cutting was 27 percent complete.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 24 fair, 58 good, and 12 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 28, 2014, producers made significant harvest progress as drier and warmer conditions were experienced across most of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures averaged 9 to 15 degrees above normal. The week was dry, with the exception of Sunday, when some areas received limited rainfall. Statewide, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 6 short, 84 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 85 adequate, and 10 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planting was 76 percent complete, ahead of last year at 69 percent. Emerged was 20 percent, behind 27 last year.

Durum wheat harvested was 78 percent complete, behind 82 last year and 88 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat harvested was 91 percent, near 94 last year, but behind 96 average.

Barley harvest neared completion with 97 percent harvested, near 99 for both last year and average.

Oats harvested was 95 percent, behind 100 last year and 99 average.

Canola harvest was 93 percent complete, ahead of 85 last year and near 91 average.

Flaxseed harvested was 71 percent, ahead of 63 last year, but near 74 average.

Lentils harvest advanced to 74 percent complete, well behind last year at 93 and 97 average.

Dry beans harvested was 47 percent, behind 51 last year and 54 average. Conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 30 fair, 53 good, and 8 excellent.

Potatoes at the vines dry stage was 88 percent, ahead of 83 last year, but near 89 average. Harvest was 34 percent complete, near 32 last year, but behind 46 average. Conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 5 poor, 26 fair, 55 good, and 11 excellent.

Corn dented was 90 percent, behind last year at 95, but near 93 average. Mature was 30 percent, well behind 47 last year and 55 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 54 good, and 19 excellent.

Soybeans dropping leaves was 88 percent, behind 92 last year, but near 89 average. Harvested was 9 percent, near 12 last year, but behind 24 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 60 good, and 15 excellent.

Sunflowers at the ray flowers dry stage was 91 percent, near last year at 94, but behind 98 average. Bracts yellow were 66 percent, near 67 last year, but behind 85 average. Bracts brown were 28 percent, near 26 last year, but well behind 49 average. Conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 63 good, and 13 excellent.

Sugarbeets harvested was 9 percent, near 12 last year, but behind 15 average. Conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 29 fair, 50 good, and 13 excellent.

Second cutting of alfalfa was 96 percent complete, near last year and average at 100. Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 63 good, and 20 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 15 fair, 62 good, and 20 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 85 adequate, and 13 surplus.

Minnesota

For the first week in more than a month and only the 5th time this season, Minnesota experienced more than 6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending September 28, 2014, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Farmers across the state took advantage of warm and dry conditions to bring small grain harvest near completion and start corn and soybean harvest.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 9 percent short, 86 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 9 percent short, 88 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

Forty-five percent of the corn crop is now mature, almost a week behind the five-year average. With harvest underway, corn conditions decreased slightly to 69 percent good to excellent. Seventy-three percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves, 5 days behind average. Soybean harvest, at 10 percent complete, is almost a week behind average. Sixty-five percent of the crop is in good to excellent condition. Minnesota potato farmers had a productive week and harvest is ahead of average for the first time this season. Dry edible bean harvest, at 49 percent, is 6 days behind average, with 52 percent in good to excellent condition. Ten percent of the sugarbeet crop has been harvested, with 72 percent of the crop in good to excellent condition.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 91 percent complete, slightly ahead of last year. Pasture conditions decreased slightly to 68 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Above average temperatures pushed crops towards maturity during the week ending September 28, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included harvesting early corn and soybeans, chopping silage, and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Southwest Iowa was the wettest with over one-third of its topsoil in surplus condition.

Ninety-six percent of Iowa’s corn crop was in or beyond the dent stage. Corn mature reached 58 percent, surpassing last year, but still 8 days behind normal. Corn harvest has begun across the State, with 76 percent of the acreage reported in good to excellent condition. Leaves were turning color on 94 percent of the soybean crop, equal to the five-year average for this stage for the first time this season. Sixty-five percent of the soybean acreage was dropping leaves, still 3 days behind normal. Soybean harvest was underway and 74 percent of the acreage was in good to excellent condition.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 91 percent complete, just over 2 weeks behind both 2013 and average. Pasture condition rated 67 percent good to excellent. Little stress on livestock was observed. High manure levels have been reported in some pits and lagoons.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending September 28, 2014, above normal temperatures accelerated the dry down of row crops as producers waited for grain moisture levels to decline, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rain at midweek was heaviest in central counties with amounts limited elsewhere. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 23 short, 70 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 25 short, 65 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 78 percent, ahead of 63 last year and 68 for the five-year average. Winter wheat emerged was 43 percent, ahead of 26 last year and 31 average.

Corn conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 51 good, and 22 excellent. Corn dented was 97 percent, near 99 for both last year and the average. Corn mature was 63 percent, near 60 last year and 66 average. Corn harvested was 7 percent, near 8 last year, but behind 16 average.

Soybean conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 54 good, and 20 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 76 percent, behind 82 last year, but near 77 average. Soybeans harvested was 6 percent, behind 12 last year and 17 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 32 fair, 39 good, and 22 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 97 percent, near 99 last year, but ahead of 93 average. Sorghum mature was 60 percent, ahead of 46 last year and 43 average. Sorghum harvested was 2 percent, equal to last year and near 4 average.

Dry bean conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 62 good, and 19 excellent. Dry beans dropping leaves was 95 percent, near 97 last year and equal to the average. Dry beans harvested was 64 percent, near 68 last year and 67 average.

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 29 fair, 52 good, and 12 excellent. Alfalfa hay fourth cutting was 77 percent complete, near 73 last year and 79 average.

Proso millet harvested was 77 percent, near 78 last year, but ahead of 62 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 7 poor, 33 fair, 45 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 5 short, 92 adequate, and 2 surplus.