Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS, S.D. – For the month of December 2014, above average temperatures dominated the weather pattern and precipitation totaled over one inch in most areas of the state, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 16 short, 82 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 18 short, 79 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 36 fair, 52 good, and 6 excellent.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 9 fair, 82 good, and 9 excellent. Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 44 fair, 48 good, and 7 excellent.

Hay and roughage supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 84 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 11 short, 79 adequate, and 5 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the month of December 2014, above normal temperatures and limited precipitation occurred statewide, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. With temperatures below zero near the end of the month, the lack of snow cover in many areas was cause for concern for winter wheat and hay crops. Livestock producers continued allowing herds to graze corn stalks where possible, while others were moving cattle to market. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 20 short, 73 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 16 short, 76 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 28 fair, 58 good, and 5 excellent.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 80 good, and 6 excellent. Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 76 good, and 7 excellent.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 84 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 5 short, 88 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Iowa

December saw temperatures mostly above normal which allowed operations to catch up on bulldozing, tiling, and feedlot work not completed in November due to cold temperatures according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average precipitation for the month was also below normal.

As December came to a close, topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 9 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. West Central portion of Iowa reported the highest moisture level with 98 percent in adequate to surplus.

December’s mostly mild and dry weather led to higher levels of grain movement. One-third of grain movement in December 2014 was rated moderate to heavy, while only one-quarter of the movement last year at this time was rated moderate to heavy. In some areas most grain movement headed directly to ethanol plants, with limited movement to local elevators.

Availability of hay and roughage supplies was 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Livestock conditions were reported as normal for the month of December, with some feedlots experiencing rut problems where muddy lots have frozen.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the month of December 2014, temperatures averaged 0 to 4 degrees above normal in central and western parts of the State, and 4 to 6 degrees above normal in the east, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Over one foot of snow was received in the Panhandle, providing protection from cold temperatures for winter wheat. Warmer temperatures in the east prevented the accumulation of snow, allowing field work to continue. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 20 short, 75 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 18 short, 72 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 39 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 75 good, and 10 excellent. Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 15 fair, 77 good, and 8 excellent.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 93 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 92 adequate, and 1 surplus.