USDA proposes changes to ‘actively engaged’ rule

Farm Forum

USDA has announced a proposed rule to limit farm payments to non-farmers, consistent with requirements mandated by Congress in the 2014 Farm Bill. The proposed rule limits farm payments to individuals who may be designated as farm managers but are not actively engaged in farm management. In the Farm Bill, Congress gave USDA the authority to address this loophole for joint ventures and general partnerships, while exempting family farm operations from being impacted by the new rule USDA ultimately implements.

Under the proposed rule, non-family joint ventures and general partnerships must document that their managers are making significant contributions to the farming operation, defined as 500 hours of substantial management work per year, or 25 percent of the critical management time necessary for the success of the farming operation. Many operations will be limited to only one manager who can receive a safety-net payment. Operators that can demonstrate they are large and complex could be allowed payments for up to three managers only if they can show all three are actively and substantially engaged in farm operations. The changes specified in the rule would apply to payment eligibility for 2016 and subsequent years for ARCPLC, loan deficiency payments, and marketing loan gains.

Stakeholders interested in commenting on the proposed definition and changes are encouraged to provide written comments at by May 26, 2015. The proposed rule is available at