Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending August 30, 2015, Thursday’s storms brought significant rainfall to portions of south central and southeast South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Generally, cooler temperatures prevailed across much of the east during the week; however, by Sunday daytime highs in the mid to upper 90’s were recorded across central and western areas. Silage cutting was underway, as was the fourth cutting of alfalfa in some areas. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 22 short, 69 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 23 short, 69 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 17 fair, 59 good, and 18 excellent. Corn dough was at 90 percent, near 88 last year and equal to the five-year average. Dented was at 49 percent, ahead of 37 last year, but near 47 average. Mature was at 3 percent, near 1 last year and 4 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 58 good, and 19 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was at 95 percent, near 96 last year and 97 average. Dropping leaves was at 19 percent, ahead of 4 last year, but near 16 average.

Spring wheat harvested was at 95 percent, well ahead of 66 last year, and ahead of 90 average.

Barley mature was at 96 percent, near 93 last year and 98 average. Harvested was at 80 percent, ahead of 75 last year, but behind 88 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 27 fair, 66 good, and 6 excellent. Sorghum headed was 95 percent, near 97 last year and 98 average. Coloring was at 51 percent, behind 57 last year and 58 average. Mature rated 2 percent, near 1 last year and 3 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 75 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was at 97 percent, near 93 last year, and equal to the average. Ray flowers dried was at 33 percent, ahead of 15 last year, but near 31 average.

Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 27 fair, 57 good, and 11 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was at 47 percent, ahead of 37 last year, but behind 56 average. Fourth cutting was at 2 percent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions were rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 29 fair, 54 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending August 30, 2015, average temperatures ranged between two to six degrees above normal in the northwest and two to six degrees below normal in the southeast, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Little moisture was received last week, which was beneficial for harvesting small grains. However, humid conditions toward the end of the week limited the amount of combining that could be done. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 31 short, 61 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 28 short, 66 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 95 percent, well ahead of 56 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 20 fair, 64 good, and 15 excellent. Durum wheat mature was 95 percent, well ahead of 58 last year. Harvested was 63 percent, well ahead of 13 last year and 36 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 85 percent, well ahead of 19 last year and 58 average.

Barley harvested was 95 percent, well ahead of 40 last year and 69 average.

Oats harvested was 90 percent, well ahead of 36 last year and 66 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 21 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent. Corn dough was 91 percent, well ahead of 71 last year, and ahead of 82 average. Dented was 50 percent, well ahead of 11 last year, and ahead of 34 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 23 fair, 57 good, and 11 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 31 percent, well ahead of 6 last year and 11 average.

Canola condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 63 good, and 14 excellent. Canola harvested was 55 percent, well ahead of 17 last year, and ahead of 43 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 8 poor, 21 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 62 percent, well ahead of 30 last year and 41 average. Bracts turning yellow was 15 percent.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 73 good, and 9 excellent. Flaxseed harvested was 45 percent, well ahead of 3 last year and 20 average.

Dry edible peas harvested was 96 percent, well ahead of 62 last year, and ahead of 81 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 12 poor, 26 fair, 52 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 69 percent, well ahead of 47 last year and 44 average. Harvested was 11 percent, ahead of 2 last year and 5 average.

Lentils harvested was 82 percent.

Potato condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 26 fair, 54 good, and 10 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 26 percent, well ahead of 6 last year, and ahead of 21 average. Harvested was 2 percent.

Alfalfa condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 32 fair, 48 good, and 8 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 95 percent, well ahead of 73 last year, and ahead of 88 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 55 good, and 24 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 5 percent, near 1 last year and 3 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 35 fair, 50 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 16 short, 79 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Cool temperatures and dry weather across most of Minnesota allowed farmers 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 30, 2015, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Only extreme southern and northern parts of Minnesota received significant rainfall throughout the week. Other field activities for the week included harvesting hay and chopping corn for silage.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 88 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Sixty-five percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was in or beyond the dent stage, 10 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition rated 88 percent good to excellent. Corn harvested for silage was 5 percent complete, over 1 week behind normal. Twenty-seven percent of the soybean acreage was turning color or beyond, 9 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 79 percent good to excellent, with small portions of the crop starting to drop leaves. Small grain harvest was over 95 percent complete, well ahead of both last year and normal. With 81 percent of the dry edible bean crop turning color or beyond, 44 percent of the crop was dropping leaves or beyond, 9 days ahead of average. Dry edible bean condition rated 72 percent good to excellent. Twenty-four percent of the potato crop was harvested, with 92 percent of the acreage rated in good to excellent condition. Sunflower condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet harvest was 6 percent complete, 2 weeks ahead of average. Sugarbeet condition rated 85 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 75 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 73 percent good to excellent, up slightly from last week. Livestock were comfortable with the cooler than normal temperatures.

Iowa

Already saturated fields along with heavy rains on Friday limited fieldwork in the State to 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 30, 2015, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included cutting hay and silage, as well as harvesting oats. Scattered reports of sudden death syndrome and white mold in soybean fields were received.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 14 percent surplus. Heavy rains in central Iowa raised topsoil and subsoil surplus moisture levels up 13 and 12 percentage points to 28 and 30 percent, respectively.

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop reached the dough stage or beyond, with 57 percent dented or beyond, 3 days ahead of last year, but 3 days behind the 5-year average. Three percent of the corn crop was reported as being mature. Corn condition rated 81 percent good to excellent. Ninety-five percent of soybeans were setting pods or beyond, while 11 percent of soybeans were turning color, 2 days ahead of 2014, but 2 days behind normal. Soybeans dropping leaves were also reported this week by a few reporters. Soybean condition rated 76 percent good to excellent. Oats harvested for grain or seed was virtually complete this week.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was nearing completion, while the third cutting of alfalfa hay was 67 percent complete, 5 days behind average. Pasture condition rated 66 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as generally good, although muddy lots were reported in some areas.