Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

ff_admin
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 6, 2015, field crop maturities advanced under predominately warm, dry conditions, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Mid-week temperatures ranged from the low to mid-90s in the east, with some western locations reporting daytime highs over 100 degrees. Cooler weather returned by week’s end as daytime highs Sunday ranged from the mid-70s to low 80s for a majority of the State. Silage and alfalfa cutting was ongoing. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 23 short, 68 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 24 short, 69 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 17 fair, 58 good, and 19 excellent. Corn dough was at 95 percent, equal to last year, and near 96 for the five-year average. Dented was at 67 percent, ahead of 60 last year, but near 70 average. Mature was at 14 percent, ahead of 4 last year, but near 11 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 57 good, and 20 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 33 percent, well ahead of 11 last year, but near 32 average.

Winter wheat planted was at 5 percent, near 3 last year and 7 average.

Barley harvested was at 93 percent, ahead of 88 last year, but near 96 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 30 fair, 59 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 73 percent, ahead of 68 last year, but behind 80 average. Mature rated 3 percent, near 2 last year, but behind 11 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 72 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was at 54 percent, ahead of 43 last year, but behind 61 average. Bracts turning yellow was at 4 percent, behind 10 last year, and well behind 28 average

Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 26 fair, 58 good, and 10 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was at 60 percent, ahead of 47 last year, but behind 69 average. Fourth cutting was at 8 percent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions were rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 30 fair, 53 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 6, 2015, temperatures ranged from three to six degrees above normal in the west, and six to twelve degrees above normal in the east, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Up to two inches of rain was received last week in the northern half of the State. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 30 short, 63 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 29 short, 65 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 2 percent.

Durum wheat harvested was 79 percent, well ahead of 19 last year and the five-year average of 49.

Spring wheat harvested was 93 percent, well ahead of 39 last year and 71 average.

Barley harvested was 96 percent, well ahead of 59 last year, and ahead of 82 average.

Oats harvested was 96 percent, well ahead of 52 last year, and ahead of 79 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 22 fair, 57 good, and 12 excellent. Corn dough was 96 percent, ahead of 86 last year, but near 92 average. Dented was 69 percent, well ahead of 34 last year, and ahead of 57 average. Mature was 6 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but behind 12 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 26 fair, 54 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 44 percent, well ahead of 17 last year, and ahead of 26 average.

Canola harvested was 66 percent, well ahead of 37 last year, and ahead of 59 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 8 poor, 21 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 82 percent, well ahead of 56 last year and 62 average. Bracts turning yellow was 32 percent, well ahead of 3 last year, and ahead of 24 average. Bracts turning brown was 5 percent.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 17 fair, 73 good, and 9 excellent. Flaxseed harvested was 62 percent, well ahead of 14 last year and 31 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 12 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 84 percent, ahead of 71 last year and 66 average. Harvested was 29 percent, well ahead of 7 last year, and ahead of 13 average.

Lentils harvested was 88 percent.

Potato condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 28 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 42 percent, well ahead of 22 last year, and ahead of 36 average. Harvested was 5 percent.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 55 good, and 25 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 8 percent, ahead of 2 last year, but near 5 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 9 poor, 37 fair, 47 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 17 short, 78 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Unseasonably warm temperatures and humidity propelled crop development across Minnesota during the week ending September 6, 2015, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week. There were scattered reports of white mold and weeds in soybean fields. Field activities for the week included harvesting hay and chopping corn for silage. Farmers were preparing machinery for the fall harvest.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 87 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 86 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Eighty-five percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was in or beyond the dent stage, 11 days ahead of last year and 1 week ahead of the five-year average. With corn starting to mature, condition rated 88 percent good to excellent. Corn harvested for silage was 16 percent complete, over 1 week behind normal. Sixty-one percent of the soybean acreage was turning color or beyond, 10 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of average. Fourteen percent of the soybean acreage was dropping leaves, slightly ahead of normal. Soybean condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Small grain harvest was wrapping up across the state. With 72 percent of the dry edible bean crop dropping leaves or beyond, 18 percent of the crop has been harvested, 4 days ahead of average. Dry edible bean condition rated 70 percent good to excellent. Twenty-nine percent of the potato crop was harvested, with 92 percent of the acreage rated in good to excellent condition. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet harvest was 9 percent complete, over 2 weeks ahead of average. Sugarbeet condition rated 85 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 85 percent complete, 11 days ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 74 percent good to excellent, up slightly from last week.

Iowa

Iowa farmers took advantage of the 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork to finish oat harvest, chop corn silage, and start seed corn harvest during the week ending September 6, 2015, though scattered but heavy showers kept some fields too wet to work, according the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Corn for grain continues to mature. There were some reports of pressure on corn from disease.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus, unchanged from last week. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. Heavier rains in central Iowa resulted in 36 percent surplus moisture

Seventy-six percent of the corn crop was in the dent stage or beyond, with 10 percent mature, 3 days ahead of last year, but 9 days behind the 5-year average. Corn condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Ninety-seven percent of soybeans were setting pods or beyond, while 33 percent of soybeans were turning color, 3 days ahead of 2014, but 1 day behind normal. Five percent of soybeans have begun dropping leaves. Soybean condition rated 76 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay is 76 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year, but 5 days behind average. Pasture condition rated 64 percent good to excellent. Hot days resulted in heat stress for some livestock.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending September 6, 2015, above average temperatures and generally dry conditions were experienced throughout Nebraska, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures averaged up to ten degrees above normal, causing some livestock and dryland crop stress in areas where there was minimal rainfall. Fieldwork activities included cutting silage and winding down irrigation. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 30 short, 59 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 25 short, 67 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 57 good, and 19 excellent. Corn dough was at 94 percent, near 97 last year and the five-year average of 98. Dented was at 75 percent, near 73 last year and 79 average. Mature was at 12 percent, near 14 last year and 16 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 26 fair, 58 good, and 14 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 70 percent, behind 81 last year, but near 66 average. Mature was at 3 percent, equal to last year, and near 2 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 56 good, and 17 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 21 percent, ahead of 9 for both last year and average.

Winter wheat planted was at 2 percent, behind 10 last year and 9 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 29 fair, 53 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa third cutting was at 97 percent, near 94 last year and 93 average. Fourth cutting was at 41 percent, ahead of 32 last year and 30 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 9 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was at 80 percent, ahead of 65 last year, and well ahead of 49 average. Harvested was at 2 percent, near 3 last year and 5 average.

Proso millet harvested was at 18 percent, ahead of 3 last year, but near 16 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 8 short, 88 adequate, and 2 surplus.