Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 13, 2015, continued warm, dry weather advanced field crop maturity, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures were near normal for much of the week. Most areas recorded no precipitation; however, midweek storms brought heavy rain and some hail to parts of the southeast. Producers continued seeding winter wheat, cutting silage, working livestock, and preparing for harvest. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 25 short, 66 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 25 short, 68 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 58 good, and 19 excellent. Corn dented was at 81 percent, near 78 last year and the five-year average of 84. Mature was at 29 percent, well ahead of 9 last year, but near 25 average.

Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 56 good, and 20 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 52 percent, well ahead of 26 last year, but near 49 average.

Winter wheat planted was at 22 percent, ahead of 13 last year and 15 average.

Barley harvested was at 99 percent, ahead of 94 last year, but equal to the average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 30 fair, 59 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 88 percent, ahead of 78 last year, but near 89 average. Mature rated 9 percent, near 6 last year, but behind 20 average. Harvested was at 1 percent, near 0 last year and 3 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 72 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was at 69 percent, ahead of 57 last year, but behind 79 average. Bracts turning yellow was at 28 percent, near 26 last year, but well behind 50 average

Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 26 fair, 57 good, and 11 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was at 75 percent, ahead of 57 last year, but near 76 average. Fourth cutting was at 19 percent, ahead of 3 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions were rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 32 fair, 52 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 13, 2015, minimal precipitation was received across the State, while temperatures averaged two to four degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Harvest of early planted row crops began late in the week. Livestock producers were hauling hay and beginning to wean calves. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 29 short, 64 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 27 short, 68 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 34 percent, ahead of 21 last year.

Durum wheat harvested was 88 percent, well ahead of 32 last year and the five-year average of 64.

Spring wheat harvested was 97 percent, well ahead of 62 last year, and ahead of 83 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 21 fair, 58 good, and 12 excellent. Corn dented was 81 percent, well ahead of 56 last year, and ahead of 75 average. Mature was 13 percent, ahead of 2 last year, but behind 23 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 26 fair, 53 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 68 percent, well ahead of 34 last year and 47 average. Harvested was 1 percent, near 0 last year and 4 average.

Canola harvested was 79 percent, ahead of 65 last year, but near 75 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 8 poor, 21 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 92 percent, well ahead of 69 last year, and ahead of 80 average. Bracts turning yellow was 54 percent, well ahead of 17 last year, and ahead of 45 average. Bracts turning brown was 15 percent.

Flaxseed harvested was 74 percent, well ahead of 27 last year and 47 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 27 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 93 percent, ahead of 86 last year and 82 average. Harvested was 49 percent, well ahead of 15 last year and 25 average.

Lentils harvested was 91 percent.

Potato condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 59 percent, ahead of 51 last year, but near 58 average. Harvested was 11 percent, ahead of 5 last year, but near 13 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 55 good, and 26 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 12 percent, ahead of 4 last year and 7 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 9 poor, 37 fair, 47 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 18 short, 77 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Farmers in the western half of Minnesota reported harvesting early soybeans during the 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 13, 2015, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities for the week included the fourth cutting of alfalfa hay in parts of southern Minnesota, harvesting wild rice, and chopping corn for silage. Portions of northwest Minnesota reported white mold in sunflower fields.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

With most of Minnesota’s corn acreage in or beyond the dent stage, 19 percent of the acreage was mature, 8 days ahead of last year but 2 days behind the five-year average. Corn condition rated 88 percent good to excellent. Corn harvested for silage was 37 percent complete, almost 1 week behind normal. Forty-two percent of the soybean acreage was dropping leaves or beyond, 9 days ahead of last year and 3 days ahead of normal. Soybean condition rated 77 percent good to excellent, down slightly from the previous week. With most of the dry edible bean crop dropping leaves or beyond, 47 percent of the crop has been harvested, 9 days ahead of average. Dry edible bean condition rated 70 percent good to excellent. Thirty-nine percent of the potato crop was harvested, with 92 percent of the acreage rated in good to excellent condition. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent. Twelve percent of the sugarbeet crop has been lifted, 2 weeks ahead of average. Sugarbeet condition rated 85 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 91 percent complete, 2 weeks ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 75 percent good to excellent, up slightly from last week.

Iowa

Widely varying amounts of precipitation were received at the beginning of the week, but drier conditions prevailed later in the week, allowing Iowa farmers 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 13, 2015, according the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included seed corn harvest, chopping silage, cutting hay, and isolated reports of corn for grain and soybean harvest. There were continued reports of disease pressure on corn.

Topsoil moisture levels fell slightly to 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus.

Eighty-eight percent of the corn crop was in the dent stage or beyond, with 26 percent mature, 4 days ahead of last year, but one week behind the 5-year average. Corn condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Sixty-two percent of soybeans were starting to turn color or beyond, while 18 percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, 3 days ahead of 2014, but 2 days behind normal. Soybean condition rated 75 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 83 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year, but a week behind the average. Pasture condition rated 66 percent good to excellent. Livestock were reported as having very little stress.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending September 13, 2015, temperatures averaged near normal with rain confined to the eastern half of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Silage cutting was active in a number of areas. Seed corn harvest had just begun and the first fields of high moisture corn were being taken. The last irrigation activities of the year were underway. Winter wheat seeding was progressing in western counties, as was dry bean and millet harvests. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 29 short, 61 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 26 short, 66 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 56 good, and 19 excellent. Corn dough was at 96 percent, near 100 for both last year and the five-year average. Dented was at 86 percent, equal to last year, but behind 91 average. Mature was at 27 percent, equal to last year, and near 30 average. Harvested was at 1 percent, near 0 last year and 5 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 27 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 86 percent, near 88 last year, and ahead of 81 average. Mature was at 12 percent, near 9 last year and 8 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 56 good, and 17 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 38 percent, ahead of 23 last year and 25 average.

Winter wheat planted was at 18 percent, behind 24 last year and 23 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 54 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was at 61 percent, well ahead of 39 last year, and ahead of 47 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 68 good, and 8 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was at 93 percent, ahead of 75 last year, and well ahead of 70 average. Harvested was at 30 percent, ahead of 13 last year and 20 average.

Proso millet harvested was at 46 percent, well ahead of 4 last year, and ahead of 28 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 27 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 9 short, 87 adequate, and 2 surplus.