Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 20, 2015, warm, windy weather continued to advance crop maturity and dry down, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures were two to six degrees above average for most of the State. Precipitation amounts were light during the week allowing winter wheat seeding to progress along with beginning harvest of corn and soybeans. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 25 short, 67 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 26 short, 67 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 58 good, and 19 excellent. Corn dented was at 90 percent, near 91 last year and the five-year average of 92. Mature was at 45 percent, well ahead of 20 last year, but near 43 average. Harvested was at 2 percent, near 0 last year, but behind 7 average.

Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 57 good, and 20 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 73 percent, well ahead of 52 last year, but near 71 average. Harvested was at 3 percent, near 0 last year and 7 average.

Winter wheat planted was at 49 percent, ahead of 35 both last year and average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 30 fair, 59 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 91 percent, near 87 last year and 94 average. Mature rated 22 percent, ahead of 14 last year, but behind 35 average. Harvested was at 2 percent, near 1 last year, but behind 9 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was at 82 percent, ahead of 73 last year, but behind 90 average. Bracts turning yellow was at 49 percent, near 48 last year, but well behind 69 average. Bracts turning brown was at 2 percent, behind 12 last year.

Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 26 fair, 58 good, and 10 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was at 80 percent, ahead of 68 last year, but near 82 average. Fourth cutting was at 26 percent, ahead of 9 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions were rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 33 fair, 51 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6 percent very short, 20 short, 72 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 20, 2015, temperatures ranged from two to six degrees above normal across the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Up to one inch of rain was received in the western part of the State. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 29 short, 63 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 28 short, 67 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 52 percent, ahead of 47 last year.

Durum wheat harvested was 95 percent, well ahead of 52 last year, and ahead of 76 for the five-year average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 22 fair, 57 good, and 12 excellent. Corn dented was 91 percent, ahead of 77 last year, but near 89 average. Mature was 27 percent, ahead of 8 last year, but behind 38 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 26 fair, 54 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 85 percent, well ahead of 63 last year, and ahead of 72 average. Harvested was 10 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but equal to the average.

Canola harvested was 90 percent, ahead of 82 last year, but near 87 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 9 poor, 20 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 95 percent, ahead of 82 last year, but near 91 average. Bracts turning yellow was 76 percent, well ahead of 33 last year, and ahead of 64 average. Bracts turning brown was 41 percent.

Flaxseed harvested was 86 percent, well ahead of 47 last year and 63 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 29 fair, 48 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 97 percent, near 94 last year and 93 average. Harvested was 72 percent, well ahead of 27 last year and 43 average.

Lentils harvested was 94 percent, well ahead of 45 last year, and ahead of 83 average.

Potato condition rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 81 percent, ahead of 77 both last year and average. Harvested was 32 percent, ahead of 20 last year, but near 28 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 53 good, and 31 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 15 percent, ahead of 6 last year and 10 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 10 poor, 39 fair, 47 good, and 3 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 18 short, 77 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers took advantage of an average 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 20, 2015, with crop harvest progressing well ahead of last year for most crops, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Harvest advanced for dry edible beans, corn for silage, potatoes, and sugarbeets; and started for corn for grain and soybeans. Farmers also harvested sweet corn.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 11 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

Forty-one percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was mature, 7 days ahead of last year but equal to the five-year average. Corn condition rated 88 percent good to excellent. Thirty percent of the state’s corn for silage crop was harvested during the week, reaching 67 percent. Seventy-two percent of the soybean acreage was dropping leaves or beyond, 8 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Soybean harvest reached 12 percent. Soybean condition rated 78 percent good to excellent. Dry edible bean fields were 77 percent harvested, only the third time in twenty years that three-quarters of the crop has been harvested by this date. Fifty percent of the potato crop has been harvested. Fifteen percent of the sugarbeet crop has been lifted, the most harvested by this date during the last fifty years. Sugarbeet condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 95 percent complete, over two weeks ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 73 percent good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from the previous week.

Iowa

A windy, warm, and mostly dry week aided crop maturity for the week ending September 20, 2015, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Fieldwork for the week included harvesting seed corn, chopping silage, cutting hay, and reports of scattered corn for grain and soybean harvest. Farmers were also preparing farm equipment for the upcoming harvest. Reports indicated seed corn harvest was wrapping up, and corn harvested for grain has had widely varying moisture content.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 86 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus.

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop was in the dent stage or beyond, with 49 percent mature, 5 days ahead of last year, but 5 days behind the 5-year average. Corn condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Eighty-three percent of soybeans were starting to turn color or beyond, while 48 percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, 5 days ahead of 2014, and 2 days ahead of normal. Soybean condition rated 76 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 89 percent complete, 1 week ahead of last year, but a week behind the average. Pasture condition rated 67 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as good.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending September 20, 2015, Nebraska experienced temperatures two to eight degrees above normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Most of the State received up to an inch of rain. The warm conditions helped boost crop maturity and facilitated the dry down process. Preparations for harvest were ongoing, with soybean and high moisture corn harvest underway in some areas. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 29 short, 60 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 27 short, 65 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 54 good, and 20 excellent. Corn dented was at 93 percent, equal to last year, and near 97 for the five-year average. Mature was at 47 percent, equal to last year, and near 48 average. Harvested was at 5 percent, near 3 last year and 9 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 25 fair, 58 good, and 16 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 94 percent, near 93 last year and 90 average. Mature was at 35 percent, ahead of 23 last year and 22 average. Harvested was at 1 percent, equal to both last year and the average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 56 good, and 17 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 65 percent, ahead of 51 last year and 49 average. Harvested was at 3 percent, near 1 last year and 4 average.

Winter wheat planted was at 49 percent, near 52 last year and 46 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 54 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was at 79 percent, ahead of 62 last year and 66 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 68 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was at 95 percent, ahead of 84 for both last year and the average. Harvested was at 47 percent, ahead of 37 last year and 39 average.

Proso millet harvested was at 69 percent, well ahead of 31 last year and 47 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 9 short, 88 adequate, and 1 surplus.