Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending September 27, 2015, fall harvest was in full swing in many South Dakota locations, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Soybean harvest advanced during the week; however, producers in parts of south central, east central and southeast South Dakota were slowed by mid-week rain. Rainfall amounts ranged from an inch to nearly five inches in some locations. Winter wheat seeding was ongoing along with working livestock and wrapping up corn silage harvest. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 23 short, 68 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 26 short, 67 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 58 good, and 19 excellent. Corn dented was at 95 percent, near 96 last year and the five-year average of 97. Mature was at 63 percent, ahead of 44 last year, but near 64 average. Harvested was at 7 percent, ahead of 2 last year, but behind 13 average.

Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 57 good, and 20 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 90 percent, ahead of 81 last year, but near 87 average. Harvested was at 23 percent, ahead of 6 last year, but near 20 average.

Winter wheat planted was at 72 percent, ahead of 59 last year and 57 average. Emerged was at 20 percent, ahead of 12 last year and 15 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 30 fair, 59 good, and 7 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 92 percent, near 91 last year, but behind 97 average. Mature rated 43 percent, ahead of 25 last year, but behind 53 average. Harvested was at 4 percent, near 3 last year, but behind 14 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 71 good, and 7 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was at 90 percent, near 88 last year, but behind 96 average. Bracts turning yellow was at 67 percent, behind 72 last year and 83 average. Bracts turning brown was at 22 percent, behind 30 last year.

Alfalfa conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 26 fair, 59 good, and 10 excellent. Alfalfa hay third cutting was at 85 percent, equal to last year, and near 89 average. Fourth cutting was at 34 percent, ahead of 25 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions were rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 36 fair, 48 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 19 short, 73 adequate, and 3 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending September 27, 2015, precipitation amounts of one to two inches were received in the northern and eastern portions of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, the remainder of the State received little to no rainfall. Overall, conditions for harvesting row crops were favorable as average temperatures were six to ten degrees above normal and the major production areas were mostly dry. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 30 short, 61 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 27 short, 66 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat planted was 72 percent, equal to last year. Emerged was 15 percent, near 17 last year.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 21 fair, 58 good, and 12 excellent. Corn dented was 97 percent, ahead of 89 last year, but near the five-year average of 95. Mature was 50 percent, ahead of 27 last year, but behind 57 average. Harvested was 3 percent, near 0 last year and 6 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 55 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 95 percent, ahead of 85 last year and 90 average. Harvested was 33 percent, well ahead of 8 last year, and ahead of 22 average.

Canola harvested was 93 percent, near 92 last year and 91 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 9 poor, 19 fair, 64 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers bracts turning yellow was 89 percent, well ahead of 62 last year, and ahead of 81 average. Bracts turning brown was 65 percent, well ahead of 24 last year and 45 average. Harvested was 1 percent, near 0 last year and 2 average.

Flaxseed harvested was 93 percent, well ahead of 68 last year, and ahead of 74 average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 88 percent, well ahead of 44 last year and 56 average.

Lentils harvested was 98 percent, well ahead of 71 last year, and ahead of 91 average.

Potato condition rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent. Potatoes vines dry was 96 percent, ahead of 87 last year and 89 average. Harvested was 58 percent, well ahead of 32 last year, and ahead of 43 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 53 good, and 31 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 17 percent, ahead of 9 last year, but near 13 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 13 poor, 37 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 19 short, 76 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Almost one quarter of the Minnesota soybean crop was harvested during the 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending September 27, 2015, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. This was the least amount of days suitable since the week ending August 23. Farmers were beginning to till fields. Some producers were concerned about blight in corn and white mold in soybean fields.

Soil moisture levels remained stable with scattered rains across the state. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 83 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.

Sixty-seven percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was mature, 10 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of the five-year average. With farmers starting to harvest corn for grain throughout the state, corn condition rated 88 percent good to excellent. Corn harvested for silage was 86 percent complete, 3 days ahead of normal. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean acreage was dropping leaves or beyond, 8 days ahead of last year. Soybean harvest was 34 percent complete, 10 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Dry edible bean fields were 92 percent harvested, the most harvested by this date in over 30 years. Sixty-four percent of the potato crop has been harvested, just behind last year and normal. Seventeen percent of the sugarbeet crop has been lifted, 3 days ahead of both last year and average. Sugarbeet condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent, with sunflower harvest beginning.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was nearing completion, well ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 71 percent good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from the previous week.

Iowa

Wet conditions in western Iowa kept farmers out of the fields, while warm and dry conditions in the rest of the State marked the beginning of harvest activities for many during the week ending September 27, 2015, according the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, though conditions varied from only 2.5 days suitable in Southwest Iowa to 6.7 days in Southeast Iowa. Fieldwork for the week included cutting hay, chopping silage, harvesting seed corn, corn for grain and soybeans. There was also some tillage of harvested fields. Scattered reports indicate that cover crops are off to a good start, with some emerging.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus.

Seventy-one percent of the corn crop was percent mature, 6 days ahead of last year, but 3 days behind the 5-year average. Five percent of the corn crop for grain has been harvested, a week ahead of last year, but 13 days behind average. Moisture content of all corn being harvested was at 24 percent. Corn condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of soybeans were turning color or beyond, while 72 3percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, 4 days ahead of 2014, and 2 days ahead of normal. Seven percent of the soybean crop has been harvested. Soybean condition rated 77 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay is 29 percent complete, 2 days behind last year and 8 days behind the average. Pasture condition rated 66 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as good.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. — For the week ending September 27, 2015, temperatures averaged six to eight degrees above normal with an inch or more of rain common across a wide swath of central and eastern Nebraska, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Silage cutting was coming to a close. Soybean harvest gained momentum but was slowed due to wet soil conditions. Seed and high moisture corn harvests continued as soils dried. Dry conditions in many western counties allowed winter wheat seeding to progress, as did dry bean and millet harvests. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 24 short, 63 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 25 short, 66 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 54 good, and 20 excellent. Corn dented was at 96 percent, near 97 last year and 99 for the five-year average. Mature was at 65 percent, near 61 last year and 69 average. Harvested was at 10 percent, near 6 last year, but behind 16 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 25 fair, 57 good, and 17 excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 96 percent, near 97 last year and 94 average. Mature was at 59 percent, near 55 last year, but ahead of 47 average. Harvested was at 2 percent, equal to last year and near 3 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 56 good, and 18 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was at 78 percent, ahead of 73 last year, but near 74 average. Harvested was at 13 percent, ahead of 5 last year, but near 14 average.

Winter wheat planted was at 69 percent, behind 75 last year, but near 67 average. Winter wheat emerged was at 25 percent, behind 38 last near, but near 27 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 55 good, and 12 excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was at 90 percent, ahead of 75 last year and 79 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 68 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible beans harvested was at 68 percent, ahead of 61 last year, but near 64 average.

Proso millet harvested was at 87 percent, ahead of 71 last year and well ahead of 66 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 55 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 8 short, 88 adequate, and 2 surplus.