Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending April 24, 2016, continued rainfall improved soil moisture ratings, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rangeland, pastureland, and emerging crops benefitted from last week’s rainfall; however, planting progress was slowed for most eastern locations. There were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 83 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 14 short, 81 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 28 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 23 percent, ahead of 5 last year, and well ahead of 3 for the five-year average.

Corn planted was at 6 percent, behind 13 last year, but near 7 average.

Spring wheat planted was at 72 percent, behind 82 last year, but well ahead of 45 average. Emerged was at 24 percent, ahead of 7 last year and 16 average.

Oats planted was at 74 percent, near 78 last year, but well ahead of 51 average. Emerged was at 28 percent, near 27 last year, but ahead of 20 average.

Barley planted was at 41 percent, well behind 63 last year, but ahead of 34 average. Emerged was at 7 percent, behind 12 last year, but near 10 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 14 fair, 79 good, and 7 excellent. Calving was 77 percent complete, near 75 last year and 73 average. Cattle and calf death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 60 average, and 40 light.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 22 fair, 72 good, and 6 excellent. Lambing was 82 percent complete, near 86 last year and 80 average. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 71 average, and 29 light. Sheep shorn was at 76 percent, behind 84 last year.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 89 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 13 short, 84 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending April 24, 2016, additional, much-needed moisture was received across most of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The northern tier of counties reported little to no rain while the remainder of the State received one to two inches. Producers made good planting progress before the rains occurred but were stalled until the ground dries. Some livestock producers in the northwest part of the State experienced difficult calving and lambing conditions last week. There were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 10 short, 78 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 17 short, 77 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 31 fair, 61 good, and 3 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 3 percent, behind 8 last year.

Durum wheat planted was 6 percent, near 9 both last year and the five-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 26 percent, behind 36 last year, but ahead of 18 average. Emerged was 5 percent, near 2 last year and 4 average.

Barley planted was 19 percent, behind 25 last year, but ahead of 13 average. Emerged was 4 percent, near 1 both last year and the average.

Oats planted was 28 percent, near 25 last year, but ahead of 14 average. Emerged was 1 percent, near 2 both last year and the average.

Corn planted was 6 percent, equal to last year, and near 4 average.

Canola planted was 5 percent, near 4 last year and 3 average.

Flaxseed planted was 4 percent, near 1 last year, and equal to the average.

Dry peas planted was 15 percent, near 17 last year, but ahead of 10 average.

Potatoes planted was 3 percent, behind 11 last year, but near 5 average.

Sugarbeets planted was 52 percent, well behind 74 last year, but well ahead of 26 average.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 72 good, and 16 excellent. Calving was 71 percent complete, near 75 both last year and the average. Cattle and calf death loss rated 2 percent heavy, 45 average, and 53 light.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 73 good, and 12 excellent. Lambing was 79 percent complete, behind 86 last year and 84 average. Sheep shorn was 86 percent complete, near 87 last year and 88 average. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 1 percent heavy, 42 average, and 57 light.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 81 adequate, and 12 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 9 short, 82 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers made good progress planting between rain showers during the week ending April 24, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Though there were only 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork, current year planting progress continues to make gains against the 5-year average for most crops. Field activities for the week included spreading manure, applying anhydrous and fertilizer, tilling, and planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus. Pastures and small grains generally benefitted from the rain, but there were some reports of standing water in low areas.

Minnesota’s corn planting increased to 45 percent complete, 2 weeks ahead of the 5-year average and 4 days ahead of last year. This is the second highest amount planted by this date on record, behind 2010. There were scattered reports of corn emerging and soybeans being planted in the central and southern parts of the state. Small grain seeding continues to be well ahead of average. Spring wheat planting was 46 percent complete, 2 weeks ahead of average, but 8 days behind last year. Nine percent of the spring wheat crop had emerged, 8 days ahead of average and 4 days ahead of last year. Sixty-eight percent of the oat acreage had been planted, nearly 3 weeks ahead of average. Twenty-seven percent of the oat crop had emerged. The barley crop was 32 percent planted and 7 percent emerged. Potatoes reached 27 percent planted, 6 days ahead of average, but 3 days behind last year. Sugarbeet planting was 73 percent complete, more than 3 weeks ahead of average.

Pasture condition improved to 6 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 5 percent excellent. Pastures continue to green, but have limited growth.

Iowa

Rain slowed planting progress in much of Iowa during the week ending April 24, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 3.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Other activities for the week included tillage, anhydrous applications, and planting preparations.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 89 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 90 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus.

Forty percent of the corn acreage has been planted, 6 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the 5-year average. Farmers in north central, central, and southeast Iowa have already planted over half their corn crop. Ninety-two percent of the State’s oat crop has been planted, one week ahead of last year and more than 2 weeks ahead of average. Oats emerged reached 40 percent, moving ahead of average for the first time this year. There were scattered reports of soybeans being planted.

Pasture condition rated 61 percent good to excellent, with pastures described as green and growing. Livestock conditions were reported as good, although some feedlots were back to muddy conditions due to the rain.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending April 24, 2016, temperatures averaged two to four degrees above normal in eastern areas, but near normal elsewhere, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall amounts of one to three inches were common across the eastern third of the State while western areas remained mostly dry. Corn planting was slow as producers waited for soils to dry from rains that have covered most of the State over the last two weeks. Pastures and winter wheat were responding to the improved soil moisture supplies. There were 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 79 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 83 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was at 16 percent, near 13 last year, but ahead of 11 for the five-year average. Emerged was at 1 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but equal to average.

Sorghum planted was at 1 percent, equal to both last year and average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 36 fair, 50 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 56 percent, well ahead of 14 last year and 19 average.

Oats planted was at 85 percent, behind 92 last year, but ahead of 80 average. Emerged was at 54 percent, behind 63 last year but ahead of 41 average.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 10 fair, 75 good, and 15 excellent. Calving was 90 percent complete, near 88 last year and 89 average. Cattle and calf death loss rated 1 percent heavy, 68 average, and 31 light.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 10 fair, 84 good, and 6 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 75 average, and 25 light.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 91 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 4 short, 92 adequate, and 3 surplus.