Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

ff_admin
Farm Forum

South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending May 1, 2016, cold, wet weather across much of the State kept fieldwork to a minimum, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Most locations received one-half to one inch of precipitation during the week, with heavier amounts in the south central and southeast. Snowfall was reported in western South Dakota as temperatures were well below normal for most of the State. There were 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 7 short, 75 adequate, and 18 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 79 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 26 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 34 percent, ahead of 12 last year.

Corn planted was at 12 percent, well behind 41 last year, and behind 21 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat planted was at 81 percent, behind 90 last year, but well ahead of 58 average. Emerged was at 52 percent, ahead of 43 last year, and well ahead of 28 average.

Soybeans planted was at 1 percent, near 4 last year and 2 average.

Oats planted was at 80 percent, behind 90 last year, but ahead of 63 average. Emerged was at 54 percent, ahead of 49 last year, and well ahead of 33 average.

Barley planted was at 48 percent, well behind 86 last year, but near 47 average. Emerged was at 25 percent, behind 31 last year, but ahead of 19 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 25 fair, 65 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 79 adequate, and 11 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending May 1, 2016, temperatures averaged two to four degrees below normal in the northeast part of the State and four to ten degrees below normal in the southwest, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall up to an inch was received in the southern parts of the State with little precipitation in the north. The much-needed moisture aided pasture growth and improved planting conditions. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 7 short, 86 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 14 short, 81 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 28 fair, 62 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 19 percent, equal to last year.

Durum wheat planted was 11 percent, behind 22 last year, but near 14 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat planted was 39 percent, behind 58 last year, but ahead of 28 average. Emerged was 10 percent, near 12 last year and 8 average.

Barley planted was 36 percent, behind 47 last year, but ahead of 22 average. Emerged was 10 percent, near 11 last year, but ahead of 5 average.

Oats planted was 38 percent, behind 47 last year, but ahead of 23 average. Emerged was 10 percent, near 12 last year and 7 average.

Corn planted was 16 percent, well behind 38 last year, but near 14 average. Emerged was 1 percent, ahead of 0 both last year and average.

Soybeans planted was 2 percent, behind 10 last year, but near 3 average.

Canola planted was 11 percent, behind 22 last year, but near 10 average.

Sunflowers planted was 1 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but equal to average.

Flaxseed planted was 9 percent, near 7 both last year and the average.

Dry peas planted was 32 percent, behind 42 last year, but ahead of 19 average. Emerged was 1 percent, behind 7 last year, but near 4 average.

Potatoes planted was 9 percent, behind 26 last year, but near 11 average.

Sugarbeets planted was 74 percent, behind 91 last year, but well ahead of 38 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 28 fair, 62 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 83 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Minnesota

Rain showers combined with below average temperatures slowed fieldwork during the week ending May 1, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were only 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork, though conditions in the northern and southeastern parts of the state allowed more opportunity for planting. Producers in a few areas were concerned about the effects of the cool and wet conditions on crop germination and emergence, though many others noted that the moisture received during the week was beneficial.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus.

Minnesota’s corn planting increased to 59 percent complete, 13 days ahead of the 5-year average, but 2 days behind last year. Five percent of the corn crop has emerged, 4 days ahead of average. Six percent of the soybean crop has been planted, which is equal to the average, but 4 days behind last year. Small grain seeding continues to be well ahead of average, nearing completion in the west-central and southwestern parts of the state. Spring wheat planting was 63 percent complete, 16 days ahead of average, but 13 days behind last year. Twenty-seven percent of the spring wheat crop had emerged, 6 days ahead of average, but 4 days behind last year. Eighty-two percent of the oat acreage had been planted, with 53 percent emerged, over 2 weeks ahead of the average. The barley crop was 46 percent planted and 18 percent emerged. Potatoes reached 48 percent planted, 10 days ahead of average, but 4 days behind last year. Sugarbeet planting was 88 percent complete, more than 3 weeks ahead of average.

All hay condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition improved to 5 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Producers noted that pastures continue to develop nicely and forages generally look very good. In some areas, the weather and resulting mud have been hard on livestock.

Iowa

Although some fieldwork was done early in the week, as the week progressed rains halted planting across much of Iowa for the week ending May 1, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were only 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Cool and wet weather slowed crop emergence, and many reports indicate tile lines have been running steady.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 25 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. The western third of Iowa reported 20 percent or more with surplus subsoil moisture.

Statewide, just 17 percent of the corn crop was planted during the past week. But with 57 percent of the crop planted, progress remained 1 day ahead of last year and 8 days ahead of the 5-year average. Farmers in north central and central Iowa have already planted over three-quarters of their corn crop. Seven percent of the soybean acreage has been planted, 5 days ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-six percent of the State’s oat crop has been planted, 2 days ahead of last year and 2 weeks ahead of normal. Oats emerged reached 68 percent, 4 days ahead of the previous year and 8 days ahead of the average. The season’s first oat condition rating came in at 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 10 percent excellent.

The first hay condition rating of the season was 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 65 percent good to excellent, while some reports indicated low-lying pastures were saturated with some flooding. Livestock conditions were reported as tough with windy, wet, and cool weather leaving feedlots saturated.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending May 1, 2016, wet, cool conditions kept producers from making widespread planting progress, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Snow blanketed the southwest as well as Panhandle counties late in the week with accumulations of six inches or more recorded in portions of the Panhandle. Statewide rainfall of one to two inches was common with heavier amounts of five inches or more were recorded in central Nebraska. Temperatures averaged four to six degrees below normal. Producers were waiting for soils to dry before planting could resume. Pasture conditions are now rated well above last year and the five-year average. There were 1.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 70 adequate, and 23 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 82 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was at 26 percent, behind 45 last year and the five-year average of 31. Emerged was at 7 percent, near 6 last year and 4 average.

Sorghum planted was at 1 percent, behind 8 last year and near 3 average.

Soybeans planted was at 2 percent, behind 9 last year, but near 6 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 35 fair, 50 good, and 11 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 71 percent, well ahead of 42 last year and 32 average. Headed was at 1 percent, near 2 last year and 3 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 33 fair, 62 good, and 4 excellent. Oats planted was at 86 percent, behind 98 last year, but near 88 average. Emerged was at 70 percent, behind 80 last year, but ahead of 59 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor,

28 fair, 62 good, and 9 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 90 adequate, and 8 surplus.