Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending May 8, 2016, fieldwork resumed for most parts of the State with warmer, drier weather, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Planting progressed well for most locations under sunny skies and above-average temperatures. However, planting progress was slowed in some south central and southeast locations that remained too wet for fieldwork. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 6 short, 81 adequate, and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 82 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 25 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 49 percent, ahead of 28 last year. Headed was at 1 percent, near 0 last year and 1 for the five-year average.

Corn planted was at 39 percent, well behind 69 last year, but near 42 average. Emerged was at 4 percent, behind 16 last year, but near 8 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 28 fair, 69 good, and 2 excellent. Spring wheat planted was at 92 percent, near 95 last year, but ahead of 76 average. Emerged was at 75 percent, ahead of 67 last year, and well ahead of 41 average.

Soybeans planted was at 10 percent, behind 24 last year, but equal to the average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 17 fair, 79 good, and 4 excellent. Oats planted was at 92 percent, near 95 last year, but ahead of 78 average. Emerged was at 78 percent, ahead of 68 last year, and well ahead of 45 average. Jointed was at 2 percent.

Barley planted was at 84 percent, behind 96 last year, but well ahead of 63 average. Emerged was at 39 percent, behind 55 last year, but ahead of 30 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 22 fair, 66 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 81 adequate, and 9 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending May 8, 2016, dry conditions allowed producers to make good planting progress, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. With the exception of some isolated areas in the south central part of the State, no moisture was received. Even though producers did benefit from the dry conditions to plant their crops, more moisture is needed to aid germination. Temperatures were three to nine degrees above normal across much of the State. Livestock producers were busy working cattle and moving their herds to pasture. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 18 short, 78 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 16 short, 81 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 27 fair, 61 good, and 9 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 33 percent, near 29 last year.

Durum wheat planted was 32 percent, behind 40 last year, but ahead of 22 for the five-year average. Emerged was 8 percent, ahead of 3 last year, but near 6 average.

Spring wheat planted was 69 percent, behind 77 last year, but well ahead of 39 average. Emerged was 27 percent, near 31 last year, but ahead of 16 average.

Barley planted was 68 percent, near 70 last year, but well ahead of 32 average. Emerged was 24 percent, behind 29 last year, but ahead of 13 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 20 fair, 76 good, and 3 excellent. Oats planted was 64 percent, near 67 last year, but well ahead of 36 average. Emerged was 25 percent, near 24 last year, but ahead of 14 average.

Corn planted was 51 percent, behind 60 last year, but well ahead of 27 average. Emerged was 4 percent, equal to last year, and near 3 average.

Soybeans planted was 25 percent, near 21 last year, but ahead of 9 average.

Canola planted was 36 percent, behind 42 last year, but ahead of 22 average. Emerged was 3 percent.

Sunflowers planted was 6 percent, near 4 last year and 2 average.

Flaxseed planted was 28 percent, ahead of 22 last year and 13 average.

Dry peas planted was 60 percent, behind 66 last year, but well ahead of 30 average. Emerged was 23 percent, near 19 last year, but ahead of 9 average.

Potatoes planted was 33 percent, behind 40 last year, but ahead of 20 average.

Sugarbeets planted was 97 percent, equal to last year, but well ahead of 47 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 26 fair, 64 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 81 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Minnesota

Warm and dry weather across much of Minnesota created near optimal conditions for fieldwork during the week ending May 8, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Planting proceeded rapidly, with 30 percent of the total corn acreage, 40 percent of the total soybean acreage, and nearly 25 percent of the total spring wheat acreage planted during the week.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 3 percent very short, 17 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 11 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus.

Eighty-nine percent of Minnesota’s corn crop has been planted, 17 days ahead of the 5-year average, but 2 days behind last year. Twenty-five percent of the corn crop has emerged, a week ahead of average. Forty-six percent of the soybean crop has been planted, 12 days ahead of average, but 3 days behind last year. Spring wheat planting was 87 percent complete, 17 days ahead of average, but 9 days behind last year. Forty-eight percent of the spring wheat crop had emerged, 12 days ahead of average. Seventy-one percent of the oat crop had emerged, over 2 weeks ahead of the average. The first oat condition rating of the year was estimated at 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 71 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. The barley crop was 81 percent planted and 37 percent emerged. Dry edible beans were 15 percent planted, a week ahead of average. Sunflowers were 30 percent planted, 11 days ahead of average, but 2 days behind last year. Potatoes reached 81 percent planted, 15 days ahead of average, but 3 days behind last year. Sugarbeet planting was almost complete.

All hay condition rated 78 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition improved to 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 59 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.

Iowa

A dry week across much of Iowa allowed planting to progress for the week ending May 8, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork, up nearly 2 full days from last week. Dry and sunny weather aided crop emergence, when compared to last week.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 18 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. The western third of Iowa reported 20 percent or more with surplus subsoil moisture.

Eighty percent of the corn crop has been planted, a day ahead of last year, and 8 days ahead of the 5-year average. Farmers in north central and central Iowa have already planted over 90 percent of their corn crop. Twenty-eight percent of corn has emerged, 2 days ahead of last year, and 5 days ahead of the average. Twenty-nine percent of the soybean acreage has been planted, 5 days ahead of normal. Planting of the State’s oat crop is nearing completion. Oats emerged reached 84 percent, 3 days ahead of the previous year and 9 days ahead of the average. Oat condition was rated 74 percent good to excellent.

Hay condition rated 73 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 70 percent good to excellent an increase of 5 percentage points from the previous week. Livestock conditions were reported as good with very little stress.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending May 8, 2016, dry conditions prevailed allowing producers to get back into fields after midweek, however widespread rainfall was reported late in the week, shutting down activities, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall accumulations of one or more inches were common in Panhandle, central and southeastern counties. Temperatures were near normal. Standing water in low lying areas made portions of fields inaccessible. Wheat producers in southern areas were having fields sprayed to control rust. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 3 short, 81 adequate, and 15 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 87 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was at 53 percent, behind 71 last year and the five-year average of 59. Emerged was at 15 percent, behind 24 last year, but equal to average.

Sorghum planted was at 5 percent, behind 20 last year, but near 9 average.

Soybeans planted was at 13 percent, behind 21 both last year and average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 31 fair, 55 good, and 11 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 81 percent, ahead of 75 last year, and well ahead of 54 average. Headed was at 10 percent, near 7 last year and 8 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 23 fair, 71 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was at 89 percent, behind 100 last year and 95 average. Emerged was at 79 percent, behind 89 last year, but ahead of 72 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor,

24 fair, 64 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 93 adequate, and 5 surplus.