Crop Progress and Pasture Condition

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Farm Forum

South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending May 15, 2016, below average temperatures and wet conditions were experienced across most of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Weekend frost was reported in the north. Corn and soybean planting was ongoing. Producers were tending to livestock and preparing pastures for summer grazing. There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 82 adequate, and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 83 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 25 fair, 68 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 60 percent, ahead of 42 last year. Headed was at 5 percent, near 1 last year, and equal to the five-year average.

Corn planted was at 62 percent, behind 81 last year, but near 65 average. Emerged was at 17 percent, well behind 39 last year, but near 21 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 30 fair, 66 good, and 3 excellent. Spring wheat planted was at 97 percent, equal to last year, but ahead of 88 average. Emerged was at 83 percent, ahead of 75 last year, and well ahead of 56 average. Jointed was at 2 percent.

Soybeans planted was at 28 percent, behind 39 last year, but near 24 average. Emerged was 1 percent, near 3 last year and average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 18 fair, 78 good, and 4 excellent. Oats planted was at 96 percent, near 97 last year, but ahead of 88 average. Emerged was at 89 percent, ahead of 81 last year, and well ahead of 59 average. Jointed was at 6 percent.

Barley planted was at 92 percent, behind 97 last year, but ahead of 78 average. Emerged was at 63 percent, behind 73 last year, but well ahead of 43 average.

Sorghum planted was at 6 percent, near 9 last year and 5 average.

Sunflowers planted was at 2 percent, near 0 last year and 1 average.

Alfalfa hay first cutting was at 1 percent complete.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 23 fair, 65 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 8 short, 83 adequate, and 9 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, ND – For the week ending May 15, 2016, temperatures ranged from two to eight degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall of up to half an inch was received across the State. Frost damaged some early planted and emerged crops. Replanting of crops may occur after assessing the damage. Livestock producers were busy branding and moving cattle to pastures. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 22 short, 74 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 20 short, 77 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 26 fair, 62 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 51 percent, ahead of 38 last year.

Durum wheat planted was 68 percent, near 64 last year, but well ahead of 36 for the five-year average. Emerged was 34 percent, ahead of 19 last year and 15 average.

Spring wheat planted was 87 percent, near 88 last year, but well ahead of 51 average. Emerged was 52 percent, near 48 last year, but well ahead of 27 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 67 good, and 14 excellent. Barley planted was 87 percent, near 85 last year, but well ahead of 44 average. Emerged was 52 percent, ahead of 46 last year, and well ahead of 24 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 74 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was 83 percent, near 81 last year, but well ahead of 50 average. Emerged was 43 percent, ahead of 35 last year, and well ahead of 22 average.

Corn planted was 76 percent, ahead of 68 last year, but well ahead of 43 average. Emerged was 22 percent, ahead of 10 both last year and average.

Soybeans planted was 52 percent, well ahead of 30 last year and 21 average. Emerged was 6 percent, near 2 both last year and average.

Canola planted was 60 percent, near 63 last year, but well ahead of 37 average. Emerged was 22 percent, ahead of 17 last year and 11 average.

Sunflowers planted was 21 percent, ahead of 12 last year and 7 average.

Flaxseed planted was 54 percent, ahead of 41 last year, and well ahead of 22 average. Emerged was 12 percent.

Dry peas planted was 85 percent, near 86 last year, but well ahead of 45 average. Emerged was 48 percent, ahead of 38 last year, and well ahead of 19 average.

Dry edible beans planted was 26 percent, ahead of 8 last year and 7 average.

Potatoes planted was 69 percent, ahead of 50 last year, and well ahead of 30 average. Emerged was 5 percent, near 3 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 25 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 84 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Minnesota

Below normal temperatures throughout Minnesota slowed crop development and raised concerns about freeze damage in the northern and central parts of the state during the week ending May 15, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork, with the southern parts of the state limited to 1.5 days or less due to continued precipitation. While planting is nearing completion for several crops, farmers are looking for warmer temperatures to support development.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus.

Corn was 93 percent planted, 16 days ahead of the 5-year average, but 6 days behind last year. Fifty-three percent of the corn crop had emerged, 9 days ahead of average. Soybean planting was 63 percent complete, 11 days ahead of average, but a week behind last year. Nine percent of the soybean crop had emerged. Planting for small grains is nearing completion. Spring wheat was 78 percent emerged, 17 days ahead of average, but 6 days behind last year. The first spring wheat condition rating of the year was estimated at 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Eighty-four percent of the oat crop had emerged, with 18 percent of the oat acreage at or beyond the jointing stage. Oat condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. The barley crop was 95 percent planted and 73 percent emerged. The first barley condition rating of the year was estimated at 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Dry edible beans were 46 percent planted, 12 days ahead of average. Sunflowers were 57 percent planted, two weeks ahead of average. Potatoes reached 91 percent planted, 15 days ahead of average.

All hay condition rated 76 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition continued to improve, rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.

Iowa

Wet and cold conditions across much of Iowa slowed field work or even brought it to a standstill for the week ending May 15, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were just 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork. There were some reports of frost in low-lying areas.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. Similar to last week, the western third of Iowa reported the largest percentages of surplus and adequate subsoil moisture levels.

Eighty-eight percent of the corn crop has been planted, a day behind last year, but 4 days ahead of the 5-year average. Farmers in north central and central Iowa are close to completion with 97 percent or more of the corn crop planted. Fifty-one percent of corn has emerged, 5 days ahead of the average. Forty-three percent of the soybean acreage has been planted, 2 days ahead of normal. There were scattered reports of soybeans emerged. Oats emerged reached 94 percent, 6 days ahead of the previous year and 9 days ahead of the average. Oat condition was rated 78 percent good to excellent.

Hay condition rated 73 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 71 percent good to excellent; benefitting from the added moisture during the week. Livestock conditions were reported as mostly normal although feedlots were muddy.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending May 15, 2016, rain amounts of one to two inches were common across the eastern half of the State during the first half of the week, with heavier amounts in east central counties, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Hail accompanied the rain in portions of the State. Planting progress was limited in eastern counties as producers waited for soils to dry. Temperatures averaged two to six degrees below normal. Producers continued to move cows and calves to pasture. There were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 80 adequate, and 18 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 86 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was at 74 percent, behind 82 last year and the five-year average of 81. Emerged was at 30 percent, behind 47 last year and 35 average.

Sorghum planted was at 13 percent, well behind 34 last year and behind 21 average.

Soybeans planted was at 29 percent, behind 36 last year and 43 average. Emerged was at 3 percent, near 4 last year, but behind 8 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 30 fair, 55 good, and 12 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 91 percent, near 90 last year, but ahead of 74 average. Headed was at 34 percent, ahead of 19 last year and 17 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 23 fair, 71 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was at 92 percent, behind 100 last year and 98 average. Emerged was at 86 percent, behind 94 last year, but near 84 average. Oats jointed was at 25 percent, behind 35 last year.

Alfalfa first cutting was at 4 percent, ahead of 0 last year, but behind 10 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor,

19 fair, 67 good, and 13 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 92 adequate, and 6 surplus.