Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending May 22, 2016, near normal temperatures prevailed across the State, however some northern areas experienced freezing temperatures, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. A half inch of rainfall was recorded across the eastern half of the State, with two inches or more in some south central counties. Considerable progress was made planting corn and soybeans. Producers were moving cattle to pasture and some were taking their first cutting of alfalfa. There were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 8 short, 86 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 86 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 22 fair, 71 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 82 percent, well ahead of 60 last year. Headed was at 22 percent, near 18 last year, but ahead of 14 for the five-year average.

Corn planted was at 84 percent, near 89 last year, and equal to the average. Emerged was at 42 percent, behind 57 last year, but equal to the average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 28 fair, 66 good, and 5 excellent. Spring wheat emerged was at 92 percent, ahead of 83 last year, and well ahead of 70 average. Jointed was at 18 percent.

Soybeans planted was at 56 percent, near 55 last year, and ahead of 47 average. Emerged was at 13 percent, behind 18 last year, but equal to the average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 21 fair, 74 good, and 5 excellent. Oats emerged was at 95 percent, ahead of 89 last year, and well ahead of 74 average. Jointed was at 22 percent, well behind 60 last year. Headed was at 2 percent, near 0 last year and 1 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 30 fair, 55 good, and 15 excellent. Barley planted was at 96 percent, near 98 last year, but ahead of 84 average. Emerged was at 74 percent, behind 86 last year, but well ahead of 54 average.

Sorghum planted was at 36 percent, ahead of 24 last year and 17 average.

Sunflowers planted was at 14 percent, ahead of 3 last year and 5 average.

Alfalfa hay first cutting was at 11 percent complete.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 69 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 8 short, 85 adequate, and 7 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending May 22, 2016, dry conditions allowed significant planting progress to be made, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Much of the eastern half of the State received rain Sunday night, with many areas receiving an inch. The western half received little to no rain and moisture is needed soon to ensure good germination. Pastures in the western half of the State were also showing signs of stress due to the lack of moisture. There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 29 short, 65 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 27 short, 70 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 27 fair, 61 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 70 percent, ahead of 51 last year. Headed was 3 percent, ahead of 0 last year.

Durum wheat planted was 83 percent, equal to last year, but well ahead of 51 for the five-year average. Emerged was 67 percent, well ahead of 39 last year and 27 average. Jointed was 2 percent.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 76 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 94 percent, near 92 last year, but well ahead of 65 average. Emerged was 75 percent, ahead of 66 last year, and well ahead of 40 average. Jointed was 3 percent, near 1 last year.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 70 good, and 9 excellent. Barley planted was 94 percent, equal to last year, but well ahead of 59 average. Emerged was 74 percent, ahead of 67 last year, and well ahead of 35 average. Jointed was 1 percent, equal to last year.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 2 poor, 18 fair, 75 good, and 3 excellent. Oats planted was 92 percent, near 91 last year, but well ahead of 64 average. Emerged was 71 percent, ahead of 54 last year, and well ahead of 38 average. Jointed was 4 percent.

Corn planted was 91 percent, ahead of 79 last year, and well ahead of 67 average. Emerged was 49 percent, ahead of 32 last year, and well ahead of 26 average.

Soybeans planted was 81 percent, well ahead of 48 last year and 38 average. Emerged was 21 percent, ahead of 13 last year and 8 average.

Canola planted was 86 percent, ahead of 81 last year, and well ahead of 52 average. Emerged was 51 percent, ahead of 41 last year, and well ahead of 25 average.

Sunflowers planted was 46 percent, well ahead of 25 last year and 18 average. Emerged was 3 percent.

Flaxseed planted was 75 percent, ahead of 63 last year, and well ahead of 36 average. Emerged was 40 percent, well ahead of 9 last year.

Dry peas planted was 94 percent, near 96 last year, but well ahead of 65 average. Emerged was 82 percent, ahead of 63 last year, and well ahead of 30 average.

Dry edible beans planted was 60 percent, well ahead of 26 last year and 22 average. Emerged was 6 percent.

Potatoes planted was 87 percent, well ahead of 64 last year and 42 average. Emerged was 21 percent, ahead of 8 last year and 7 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 31 fair, 58 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 86 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Limited precipitation allowed for 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 22, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, the most days so far this season. Producers took advantage of the conditions to wrap up corn planting and planted 23 percent of the soybean crop. The previous week’s frost had little impact on the corn crop, with 65 percent rated in good to excellent condition. There were isolated reports of minimal replanting. Field activities for the week included planting, applying herbicides, and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4 percent very short, 18 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 7 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 13 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus. Reports in the southern parts of the state indicate that there are still some wet spots in the fields, but in many areas of the state, farmers are hoping for a good soaking rain to counter the rapidly drying conditions.

Corn reached 78 percent emerged, 11 days ahead of the 5-year average, but 3 days behind last year. The first corn condition rating of the year was estimated at 0 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 10 percent excellent. Soybean planting was 86 percent complete, 16 days ahead of average and just ahead of last year. Thirty-three percent of the soybean crop had emerged, a week ahead of average, but 2 days behind last year. Spring wheat was 90 percent emerged, 17 days ahead of average, but 5 days behind last year. Fifteen percent of the spring wheat acreage was at or beyond the jointing stage, 3 days ahead of average. Spring wheat condition rated 70 percent good to excellent. Ninety-one percent of the oat crop had emerged, with 45 percent of the oat acreage at or beyond the jointing stage. Oat condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. The barley crop was 88 percent emerged and 13 percent jointing, with condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans were 75 percent planted, 15 days ahead of average. Twelve percent of the dry edible bean crop had emerged. Sunflowers were 70 percent planted, 13 days ahead of average and 4 days ahead of last year. Potato planting is nearing completion, with 95 percent of the acreage planted, 2 weeks ahead of average.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 24 percent complete, two weeks ahead of average and 15 days ahead of last year. All hay condition rated 77 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 70 percent good to excellent, up 2 percentage points from last week.

Iowa

Drier conditions allowed farmers to make good progress with 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the week ending May 22, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were scattered reports of corn being replanted in the northern third of Iowa.

Topsoil moisture levels increased to 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 85 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus.

Ninety-six percent of the corn crop has been planted, 2 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn emerged reached 75 percent, on pace with last year, but 4 days ahead of normal. The first corn condition rating of the season was 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 62 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Soybean planting reached 74 percent complete, almost a week ahead of last year. Twenty-one percent of the soybeans have emerged, 2 days behind last year, but equal to the 5-year average. Oat emergence was nearly complete at 96 percent, while oats headed reached 11 percent this week, 11 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the 5-year average. Oat condition was rated 80 percent good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay advanced to 19 percent completed. Hay conditions improved slightly to 75 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition also improved to 76 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were described as generally good with some feedlots starting to dry up.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending May 22, 2016, dry conditions allowed producers to get back into fields and resume spring planting activities, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rain was experienced late in the week with an inch or more common in central and north central counties. Temperatures averaged two to six degrees below normal. Corn planting was winding up with producers focused on soybean acres. The first cutting of alfalfa was underway, with insect pressure noted in some fields. Wheat diseases were a concern in untreated fields. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 81 adequate, and 16 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 85 adequate, and 12 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was at 90 percent, equal to last year, and near the five-year average of 93. Emerged was at 51 percent, behind 68 last year and 62 average.

Sorghum planted was at 30 percent, behind 47 last year and 40 average.

Soybeans planted was at 54 percent, equal to last year, but behind 67 average. Emerged was at 13 percent, near 17 last year, but behind 25 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 29 fair, 55 good, and 11 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was at 94 percent, equal to last year, but ahead of 83 average. Headed was at 43 percent, ahead of 35 last year and 31 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 21 fair, 73 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was at 96 percent, near 100 last year and 99 average. Emerged was at 90 percent, behind 97 last year, but near 92 average. Jointed was at 46 percent, near 49 last year. Headed was at 7 percent, ahead of 1 last year, but near 4 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 9 fair, 75 good, and 15 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was at 13 percent, ahead of 8 last year, but near 17 average.

Dry edible beans planted was at 2 percent, equal to last year, but behind 7 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor,

15 fair, 72 good, and 13 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 92 adequate, and 6 surplus.