Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending May 29, 2016, an active weather pattern throughout the week brought rain and severe storms to parts of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The continued wet weather hampered planting and haying, particularly in south central and southeast South Dakota. Weevils were impacting first and potential second cutting of alfalfa in some locations. There were 3.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 9 short, 82 adequate, and 9 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 85 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 19 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 90 percent, ahead of 76 last year. Headed was 46 percent, ahead of 37 last year, and well ahead of 25 for the five-year average.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 24 fair, 69 good, and 6 excellent. Corn planted was 92 percent, near 95 last year and 93 average. Emerged was 67 percent, behind 72 last year, but equal to the average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 24 fair, 69 good, and 6 excellent. Spring wheat emerged was 96 percent, near 93 last year, and ahead of 85 average. Jointed was 41 percent, well ahead of 14 last year.

Soybeans planted was 75 percent, near 71 last year, and ahead of 64 average. Emerged was 41 percent, near 37 last year, and ahead of 30 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 24 fair, 69 good, and 6 excellent. Oats jointed was 46 percent, behind 65 last year. Headed was 6 percent, near 4 last year and 5 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 31 fair, 58 good, and 11 excellent. Barley emerged was 79 percent, behind 94 last year, but ahead of 69 average. Jointed was 1 percent, near 4 last year.

Sorghum planted was 66 percent, well ahead of 31 last year and 33 average. Emerged was 3 percent, equal to last year, and near 7 average.

Sunflowers planted was 30 percent, well ahead of 10 last year, and ahead of 17 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 48 fair, 46 good, and 2 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was 17 percent complete, ahead of 1 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 70 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 8 short, 84 adequate, and 8 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending May 29, 2016, much needed rain was received across the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reported rainfall totals ranged from a quarter inch to two inches, replenishing topsoil moisture and helping seed germination. There were some isolated reports of crops being drowned out because of too much rain. Producers were busy spraying weeds in emerged small grain fields. Temperatures ranged from two degrees below normal in the western part of the State to eight degrees above normal in the east. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 15 short, 78 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 17 short, 80 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 26 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 77 percent, ahead of 69 last year. Headed was 5 percent, near 1 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 27 fair, 70 good, and 2 excellent. Durum wheat planted was 94 percent, ahead of 89 last year, and well ahead of 62 for the five-year average. Emerged was 74 percent, ahead of 58 last year, and well ahead of 40 average. Jointed was 4 percent, near 1 last year.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 79 good, and 5 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 97 percent, near 95 last year, but well ahead of 77 average. Emerged was 86 percent, ahead of 80 last year, and well ahead of 54 average. Jointed was 16 percent, near 13 last year.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 78 good, and 5 excellent. Barley planted was 98 percent, near 99 last year, but well ahead of 73 average. Emerged was 86 percent, near 84 last year, but well ahead of 48 average. Jointed was 15 percent, equal to last year.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 80 good, and 3 excellent. Oats planted was 96 percent, equal to last year, but ahead of 78 average. Emerged was 84 percent, ahead of 72 last year, and well ahead of 55 average. Jointed was 26 percent.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 74 good, and 11 excellent. Corn planted was 96 percent, ahead of 88 last year and 83 average. Emerged was 76 percent, well ahead of 54 last year and 49 average.

Soybeans planted was 92 percent, well ahead of 69 last year and 57 average. Emerged was 53 percent, well ahead of 33 last year and 22 average.

Canola condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 78 good, and 5 excellent. Canola planted was 94 percent, near 92 last year, but well ahead of 68 average. Emerged was 75 percent, ahead of 68 last year, and well ahead of 41 average.

Sunflowers planted was 67 percent, ahead of 48 last year, and well ahead of 32 average. Emerged was 20 percent, ahead of 2 last year.

Flaxseed planted was 89 percent, ahead of 81 last year, and well ahead of 50 average. Emerged was 52 percent, ahead of 35 last year, and well ahead of 22 average.

Dry peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 15 fair, 82 good, and 3 excellent. Dry peas planted was 97 percent, equal to last year, but ahead of 78 average. Emerged was 88 percent, ahead of 80 last year, and well ahead of 48 average. Blooming was 3 percent, ahead of 0 last year.

Dry edible beans planted was 84 percent, well ahead of 53 last year and 41 average. Emerged was 32 percent, well ahead of 6 last year and 9 average.

Potatoes planted was 91 percent, ahead of 84 last year, and well ahead of 59 average. Emerged was 35 percent, ahead of 19 last year and 16 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 88 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Above average temperatures aided crop development, but multiple rain showers made it difficult to complete planting and cut hay in some areas of the state during the week ending May 29, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Frequent showers limited field activities across Minnesota, with 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included planting, applying herbicides, and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 12 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus.

Ninety-two percent of the Minnesota corn crop had emerged, a day behind last year, but 13 days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition rated 71 percent good to excellent, up 6 percentage points from the previous week. Soybean planting was 95 percent complete. Sixty-seven percent of the soybean acreage had emerged, equal to last year and 11 days ahead of average. Forty-four percent of the spring wheat acreage was at or beyond the jointing stage, slightly behind last year, but two weeks ahead of average. Spring wheat condition rated 70 percent good to excellent. Sixty-four percent of the oat crop was at or beyond the jointing stage, with scattered reports of oats heading. Oat condition rated 81 percent good to excellent, up slightly from the previous week. The barley crop was 29 percent at or beyond the jointing stage, with condition rated at 76 percent good to excellent, down 3 percentage points from the previous week. Dry edible beans were 92 percent planted and 45 percent emerged. Sunflowers were 94 percent planted, 2 weeks ahead of last year and 22 days ahead of average.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 38 percent complete, 12 days ahead of last year and average. All hay condition rated 78 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 77 percent good to excellent, up 7 percentage points from last week.

Iowa

Rain showers hindered fieldwork in Iowa during the week ending May 29, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Standing water was reported in some fields. Field activities included planting and replanting.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. The western third of Iowa continues to have the highest percentage of surplus subsoil.

Virtually all of Iowa’s corn crop has been planted. Corn emerged reached 90 percent, 2 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of normal. Seventy-seven percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Soybean planting reached 88 percent complete, 9 days ahead of last year, and 10 days ahead of normal. Soybean emergence reached 55 percent, 3 days ahead of both last year and normal. Oats headed reached 24 percent this week, 9 days ahead of last year and one week ahead of the 5-year average. Oat condition rated 82 percent good to excellent.

Although frequent rains slowed progress, the first cutting of alfalfa hay was 35 percent complete, 6 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of the 5-year average. Both hay and pasture conditions rated 78 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were described as good with very little stress.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending May 29, 2016, numerous rain events limited planting activities and made hay harvest difficult, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Accumulations of an inch were common, with rainfall totals of three inches or more recorded across the southeast. Temperatures averaged two to four degrees above normal in the east, but near normal west. Crusting of soils was reported with some producers running pivots to help their crops emerge. There were 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 78 adequate, and 20 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 84 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 26 fair, 62 good, and 10 excellent. Corn planted was 96 percent, near 93 last year and the five-year average of 97. Emerged was 78 percent, near 80 last year and 82 average.

Sorghum planted was 55 percent, near 53 last year and 59 average. Emerged was 20 percent, behind 25 last year, but near 23 average.

Soybeans planted was 73 percent, near 70 last year, but behind 82 average. Emerged was 36 percent, equal to last year, but behind 49 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 29 fair, 54 good, and 11 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 98 percent, near 95 last year, but ahead of 92 average. Headed was 72 percent, ahead of 60 last year, but well ahead of 50 average. Coloring was 1 percent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 21 fair, 72 good, and 6 excellent. Oats emerged was 95 percent, near 99 last year and 96 average. Jointed was 56 percent, near 59 last year. Headed was 22 percent, near 18 last year and 19 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 72 good, and 16 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 31 percent, ahead of 19 last year, but near 27 average.

Dry edible beans planted was 11 percent, ahead of 5 last year, but behind 17 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor,

12 fair, 71 good, and 17 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 1 short, 91 adequate, and 8 surplus.