Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls, SD – For the week ending July 31, 2016, third cutting of alfalfa began in parts of South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. A majority of alfalfa was rated in fair to poor condition due to minimal rainfall across large areas of the State this summer. Precipitation for the week was confined to scattered showers and storms. Damage from hail and strong winds was reported in parts of northern and western South Dakota. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 13 percent very short, 34 short, 52 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 38 short, 52 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 87 percent, well ahead of 67 last year and the five-year average of 63.

Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 31 fair, 49 good, and 9 excellent. Corn silking was 83 percent, near 81 last year, and ahead of 76 average. Dough was 20 percent, ahead of 12 both last year and average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 44 fair, 36 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 55 percent, well ahead of 18 last year and 25 average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 33 fair, 53 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 89 percent, ahead of 79 last year and 83 average. Setting pods was 65 percent, ahead of 48 last year, and well ahead of 40 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 38 fair, 51 good, and 3 excellent. Oats coloring was 93 percent, near 97 last year and 92 average. Harvested was 78 percent, well ahead of 57 last year and 47 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 9 poor, 45 fair, 38 good, and 8 excellent. Barley coloring was 88 percent, ahead of 77 last year and 75 average. Mature was 33 percent, near 32 last year. Harvested was 25 percent, behind 33 last year, but near 23 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 36 fair, 61 good, and 0 excellent. Sorghum headed was 62 percent, near 64 last year, but ahead of 49 average. Coloring was at 13 percent, ahead of 1 last year and 3 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 0 percent very poor, 10 poor, 43 fair, 46 good, and 1 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 32 percent, ahead of 17 last year and 21 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 8 percent very poor, 25 poor, 45 fair, 21 good, and 1 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 62 percent, ahead of 54 last year, but behind 72 average. Third cutting was 6 percent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 18 poor, 35 fair, 40 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 26 short, 68 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending July 31, 2016, average temperatures varied from two degrees below normal to two degrees above normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Moisture fell across much of the State, ranging from a quarter inch in the east to two inches in the west. Excessive rain the past few weeks in northeast North Dakota has resulted in mold and disease issues in some crops. However, the southern half of the State has not received as much rain this growing season and producers there welcomed the recent moisture. The recent rain, along with hot temperatures, have promoted crop development. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 11 short, 75 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 73 adequate, and 10 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 65 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 95 percent, near 96 last year. Harvested was 40 percent, well ahead of 10 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 10 fair, 69 good, and 18 excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 61 percent, near 60 last year, and well ahead of 37 five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 19 fair, 62 good, and 9 excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 86 percent, near 82 last year, and well ahead of 56 average. Harvested was 4 percent, ahead of 0 last year.

Barley condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 66 good, and 10 excellent. Barley coloring was 96 percent, ahead of 90 last year, and well ahead of 62 average. Harvested was 16 percent, ahead of 0 last year.

Oats condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 22 fair, 61 good, and 5 excellent. Oats coloring was 89 percent, near 88 last year, and well ahead of 58 average. Harvested was 31 percent, well ahead of 0 last year and 9 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 64 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was 70 percent, behind 76 last year and equal to the average. Dough was 2 percent, near 3 last year but behind 8 average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 62 good, and 11 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 91 percent, near 92 last year, but ahead of 87 average. Setting pods were 60 percent, behind 67 last year, but ahead of 54 average.

Canola condition rated 3 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 69 good, and 9 excellent. Canola coloring was 62 percent, ahead of 57 last year and 44 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 67 good, and 5 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 59 percent, ahead of 45 last year, and well ahead of 28 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 15 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 49 percent, ahead of 42 last year, and well ahead of 26 average.

Dry peas condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 13 fair, 69 good, and 12 excellent. Dry peas dropping leaves was 75 percent, near 71 last year. Harvested was 20 percent, ahead of 7 last year.

Dry edible beans condition rated 7 percent very poor, 7 poor, 25 fair, 50 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 93 percent, ahead of 83 last year and 82 average. Setting pods was 66 percent, ahead of 50 last year and 47 average.

Potatoes condition rated 11 percent very poor, 10 poor, 28 fair, 38 good, and 13 excellent. Potatoes rows filled was 79 percent, near 78 last year, and ahead of 64 average. Vines dry was 2 percent, behind 4 last year.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 7 percent very poor, 15 poor, 31 fair, 43 good, and 4 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 54 percent complete, near 51 last year, and ahead of 35 average.

Sugarbeets condition rated 4 percent very poor, 3 poor, 29 fair, 52 good, and 12 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 10 poor, 28 fair, 52 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 16 short, 76 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

One-quarter of Minnesota’s oat acreage was harvested for grain during the week ending July 31, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. During the 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork, good progress was made on small grain harvests. Other field activities for the week included cutting and baling hay as weather permitted.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 81 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus.

Ninety-five percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was silking or beyond. Twenty-six percent of the crop reached the dough stage, a week ahead of the five-year average and 4 days ahead of last year. Corn condition rated 85 percent good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from the previous week. Sixty-four percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, a week ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 80 percent good to excellent, up 2 percentage points from last week. Thirteen percent of the spring wheat acreage had been harvested, equal to the five-year average. Spring wheat condition rated 69 percent good to excellent. Thirty-five percent of the oat crop had been harvested for grain, 3 days ahead of average and 4 days ahead of last year. Oat condition rated 77 percent good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from the previous week. Eighteen percent of the barley acreage had been harvested, slightly behind average. Barley condition rated 63 percent good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from last week. Sixty-five percent of the dry edible bean crop was setting pods, 6 days ahead of average. Dry edible bean condition rated 70 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 57 percent good to excellent. Potato condition rated 91 percent good to excellent. There were scattered reports of potatoes being harvested. Sugarbeet condition rated 87 percent good to excellent, up 2 percentage points from the previous week.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 89 percent complete. The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 36 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year. All hay condition rated 81 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 80 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Relatively dry conditions throughout the week were ideal for crop development and allowed Iowa farmers 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 31, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included cutting hay and aerial spraying of corn with fungicide and insecticide.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop reached the silking stage, five days ahead of last year and almost two weeks ahead of the five-year average. Thirty-five percent of the corn crop reached the dough stage. Isolated reports of corn starting to dent were received from across the State. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 90 percent, 6 days ahead of the previous year. Sixty-four percent of soybeans were setting pods, 5 days ahead of last year. Soybean condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Seventy-eight percent of the oat crop for grain or seed was harvested, 2 days ahead of both last year and the average.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 93 percent, more than 2 weeks ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of normal. The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 28 percent complete, 6 days ahead of average. Hay condition was rated 73 percent good to excellent, while pasture condition was rated 61 percent good to excellent. Reduced temperatures improved livestock conditions which were reported to be good.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending July 31, 2016, temperatures averaged two to four degrees below normal, lessening crop moisture demands and livestock stress, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation was widespread, but amounts varied from over three inches in portions of central Nebraska to little or no accumulations in extreme eastern counties. Hail was reported in localized areas. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 27 short, 65 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 25 short, 69 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 59 good, and 18 excellent. Corn silking was 95 percent, near 91 both last year and the five-year average. Dough was 25 percent, ahead of 20 last year, but near 26 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 16 excellent. Sorghum headed was 42 percent, behind 52 last year, but ahead of 37 average. Coloring was 1 percent, near 3 both last year and average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 62 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 87 percent, near 86 both last year and average. Setting pods was 43 percent, behind 48 last year, and near 46 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 24 fair, 50 good, and 15 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 97 percent, ahead of 90 last year and 89 average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 1 poor, 26 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent. Oats harvested was 76 percent, ahead of 71 last year, but behind 82 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 4 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 63 good, and 14 excellent. Alfalfa second cutting was 96 percent, ahead of 86 last year and 90 average. Third cutting was 41 percent, ahead of 29 last year and 32 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 26 fair, 57 good, and 15 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 92 percent, ahead of 74 last year, and well ahead 67 average. Setting pods was 60 percent, well ahead of 39 last year and 23 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 21 fair, 62 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 89 adequate, and 2 surplus.