Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending August 7, 2016, winter wheat harvest neared completion following a mostly dry week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Harvest of other small grains also advanced. Scattered showers and thunderstorms brought much needed precipitation to parts of northeast, east central and western South Dakota. Damage from wind and hail was also reported with some storms. However, soil moisture ratings declined as a majority of the State remained dry for the week. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 38 short, 47 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 41 short, 48 adequate, and 0 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 92 percent, ahead of 87 last year and the five-year average of 81.

Corn condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 32 fair, 47 good, and 8 excellent. Corn silking was 94 percent, near 91 last year, and ahead of 89 average. Dough was 47 percent, ahead of 30 last year and 28 average. Dented was 3 percent, near 1 last year and 2 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 12 poor, 46 fair, 36 good, and 3 excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 73 percent, well ahead of 45 last year and 40 average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 33 fair, 50 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 94 percent, ahead of 88 last year, and near 91 average. Setting pods was 78 percent, ahead of 66 last year and 59 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 38 fair, 51 good, and 3 excellent. Oats coloring was 98 percent, equal to last year, and near 97 average. Harvested was 87 percent, ahead of 76 last year and 68 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 10 poor, 42 fair, 40 good, and 8 excellent. Barley coloring was 91 percent, near 90 last year and 89 average. Mature was 60 percent, near 61 last year and 63 average. Harvested was 52 percent, equal to last year.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 5 poor, 44 fair, 50 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum headed was 81 percent, near 77 last year, and ahead of 70 average. Coloring was at 17 percent, ahead of 2 last year and 9 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 0 percent very poor, 13 poor, 38 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 56 percent, ahead of 45 last year and 39 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 8 percent very poor, 24 poor, 46 fair, 21 good, and 1 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 71 percent, near 69 last year, but behind 81 average. Third cutting was 23 percent, ahead of 7 last year and 18 average

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 18 poor, 36 fair, 38 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6 percent very short, 29 short, 64 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending August 7, 2016, average temperatures ranged from one to three degrees below normal in the southwestern part of the State up to one to two degrees above normal in the eastern part, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The western part of the State received little to no rain last week, while the northeastern part of the state received one to two inches. Some isolated hail was reported. The dry weather in the west has allowed producers to make progress harvesting their small grains. However, persistent rain during the growing season in the northeast has caused lowland flooding, disease issues and harvest delays. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 17 short, 69 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 16 short, 71 adequate, and 10 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 21 fair, 64 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 74 percent, well ahead of 21 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 10 fair, 69 good, and 18 excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 70 percent, behind 75 last year, but ahead of 52 five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 poor, 19 fair, 62 good, and 9 excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 94 percent, near 93 last year, and well ahead of 73 average. Harvested was 22 percent, ahead of 11 last year and 15 average.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 11 excellent. Barley harvested was 33 percent, ahead of 21 last year and 19 average.

Oats condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 23 fair, 60 good, and 5 excellent. Oats coloring was 96 percent, equal to last year, and well ahead of 75 average. Harvested was 44 percent, well ahead of 14 last year and 18 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 65 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was 89 percent, near 91 last year and near to 87 average. Dough was 22 percent, near 18 last year and 20 average. Dented was 2 percent, near 1 last year and equal to average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 61 good, and 12 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 96 percent, near 97 last year and 94 average. Setting pods was 78 percent, near 82 last year, but ahead of 72 average.

Canola condition rated 3 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 10 excellent. Canola coloring was 76 percent, behind 82 last year, but ahead of 65 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 84 percent, ahead of 72 last year, and well ahead of 51 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 14 fair, 73 good, and 7 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 73 percent, equal to last year, and well ahead of 44 average.

Dry peas condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 13 fair, 69 good, and 12 excellent. Dry peas dropping leaves was 93 percent, near 89 last year. Harvested was 55 percent, well ahead of 34 last year.

Dry edible beans condition rated 7 percent very poor, 7 poor, 24 fair, 50 good, and 12 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 96 percent, near 92 last year and 91 average. Setting pods was 81 percent, ahead of 72 last year and 67 average.

Potatoes condition rated 11 percent very poor, 10 poor, 30 fair, 38 good, and 11 excellent. Potato rows filled was 90 percent, near 91 last year, and ahead of 79 average. Vines dry was 5 percent, near 6 last year.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 7 percent very poor, 15 poor, 31 fair, 43 good, and 4 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 66 percent complete, near 70 last year, but well ahead of 54 average.

Sugarbeets condition rated 3 percent very poor, 3 poor, 27 fair, 55 good, and 12 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 10 poor, 28 fair, 52 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers made substantial progress on small grain harvest during the week ending August 7, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included cutting and baling hay, harvesting small grains, and scouting and spraying for aphids.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 80 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus.

Fifty-four percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was in or beyond the dough stage, 9 days ahead of the five-year average and 3 days ahead of last year. Corn condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Seventy-nine percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, 6 days ahead of average, but 4 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Forty-two percent of the spring wheat acreage had been harvested, 8 days ahead of the five-year average. Spring wheat condition rated 70 percent good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from last week. Fifty-seven percent of the oat crop was harvested for grain, 5 days ahead of average and 3 days ahead of last year. Oat condition rated 77 percent good to excellent. Forty-two percent of the barley acreage had been harvested, 3 days ahead of average. Barley condition rated 63 percent good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of the dry edible bean crop was setting pods and 24 percent was fully podded. Dry edible bean condition rated 71 percent good to excellent, up a percentage point from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 57 percent good to excellent. Six percent of the potato acreage had been harvested. Potato condition rated 92 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition rated 87 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 92 percent complete. The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 49 percent complete, 8 days ahead of last year. All hay condition rated 81 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 76 percent good to excellent, down 4 percentage points from the previous week. With temperatures around average, livestock were described as being in good condition.

Iowa

Frequent but scattered precipitation throughout the week allowed Iowa farmers 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 7, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included cutting hay and fungicide and insecticide applications.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 11 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 10 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. South central and southeast Iowa reported the lowest levels of subsoil moisture with over one-quarter short to very short.

Ninety-eight percent of the corn crop reached the silking stage, 11 days ahead of normal. Sixty-one percent reached the dough stage, 5 days ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of the 5-year average. Seven percent of Iowa’s corn crop reached the dent stage. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 94 percent, 6 days ahead of the previous year. Seventy-nine percent of soybeans were setting pods, one week ahead of normal. Soybean condition rated 82 percent good to excellent. Ninety percent of the oat crop for grain or seed has been harvested.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 97 percent, more than 2 weeks ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of normal. The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 42 percent complete, 6 days ahead of average. Hay condition rated 73 percent good to excellent, while pasture condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. Frequent rains have been good for pastures, but made it difficult to cut and bale hay. Livestock were reported to be in good condition with very little stress.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending August 7, 2016, temperatures averaged near normal as cooler conditions arrived the last half of the week, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation of an inch or more was limited to portions of the southeast and some central areas. In the west, Panhandle producers were preparing for winter wheat planting. Irrigation was active in many counties. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 29 short, 63 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 26 short, 68 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 59 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dough was 47 percent, ahead of 37 last year, and near the five-year average of 45. Dented was 9 percent, ahead of 4 last year, and equal to average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 14 fair, 70 good, and 16 excellent. Sorghum headed was 73 percent, near 75 last year, but ahead of 62 average. Coloring was 5 percent, near 4 last year, and equal to average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 62 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 94 percent, near 93 both last year and average. Setting pods was 65 percent, near 63 both last year and average.

Oats harvested was 85 percent, near 81 last year, but behind 90 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 4 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 64 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa third cutting was 59 percent, well ahead of 38 last year, and ahead of 45 average. Fourth cutting was 4 percent, near 3 last year.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 27 fair, 57 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 92 percent, ahead of 83 last year and 86 average. Setting pods was 77 percent, ahead of 63 last year and 58 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 61 good, and 11 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 9 short, 88 adequate, and 2 surplus.