Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

ff_admin
Farm Forum

South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending August 14, 2016, showers and thunderstorms brought much needed precipitation to the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation totals varied, but last week’s rains were more widespread than in recent weeks, slightly improving soil moisture ratings. Producers began to cut silage in parts of the State, while small grain harvest neared completion. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 31 short, 56 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 37 short, 52 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 93 percent, near 94 last year and the five-year average of 91.

Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 12 poor, 32 fair, 44 good, and 8 excellent. Corn silking was 96 percent, equal to last year and average. Dough was 69 percent, ahead of 54 last year and 51 average. Dented was 8 percent, near 4 last year, and equal to average.

Spring wheat harvested was 84 percent, ahead of 66 last year, and well ahead of 58 average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 33 fair, 49 good, and 7 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 97 percent, ahead of 91 last year, and near 95 average. Setting pods was 89 percent, ahead of 77 last year and 76 average.

Oats harvested was 95 percent, ahead of 86 last year and 80 average.

Barley coloring was 94 percent, equal last year, and near 96 average. Mature was 80 percent, near 79 last year and 84 average. Harvested was 75 percent, ahead of 61 last year, and well ahead of 48 last year.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 44 fair, 52 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum headed was 91 percent, near 87 last year, and ahead of 85 average. Coloring was at 26 percent, ahead of 8 last year and 19 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 13 poor, 37 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 71 percent, near 70 last year and 68 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 8 percent very poor, 23 poor, 47 fair, 21 good, and 1 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 74 percent, behind 83 last year and 88 average. Third cutting was 37 percent, ahead of 18 last year and 27 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 18 poor, 37 fair, 37 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6 percent very short, 27 short, 66 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending August 14, 2016, temperatures averaged below normal in the south above normal in the north, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The eastern half of the North Dakota received one to four inches of rain while much of the west received an inch or less. Significant harvest progress continued despite the rain. White mold was reported in the northern part of the State. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 15 short, 70 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 15 short, 71 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 21 fair, 64 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 87 percent, well ahead of 58 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 10 fair, 69 good, and 18 excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 92 percent, near 89 last year, and well ahead of 70 five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 20 fair, 61 good, and 10 excellent. Spring wheat coloring was 98 percent, near 95 last year, and ahead of 85 average. Harvested was 44 percent, ahead of 37 last year and 26 average.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 11 excellent. Barley harvested was 56 percent, near 60 last year, but well ahead of 34 average.

Oats condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 poor, 23 fair, 60 good, and 5 excellent. Oats harvested was 63 percent, well ahead of 43 last year and 31 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 63 good, and 16 excellent. Corn silking was 92 percent, behind 98 last year and 96 average. Dough was 49 percent, near 48 last year and ahead of 36 average. Dented was 6 percent, near 2 last year and 5 average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 61 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 86 percent, behind 92 last year, but near 85 average. Dropping leaves was 1 percent, behind 7 last year and 2 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 68 good, and 10 excellent. Canola coloring was 88 percent, near 92 last year, but ahead of 79 average. Harvested was 10 percent, near 14 last year and 8 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 95 percent, ahead of 90 last year, and well ahead of 73 average. Flowers dried was 8 percent, equal to last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 14 fair, 74 good, and 7 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 86 percent, behind 91 last year, but well ahead of 61 average.

Dry peas condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 13 fair, 69 good, and 12 excellent. Dry peas dropping leaves was 97 percent, near 96 last year. Harvested was 69 percent, ahead of 63 last year and well ahead of 34 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 7 percent very poor, 7 poor, 27 fair, 50 good, and 9 excellent. Dry edible beans setting pods was 87 percent, near 84 last year and 83 average. Dropping leaves was 7 percent behind 20 last year but the equal to average.

Potatoes condition rated 11 percent very poor, 12 poor, 32 fair, 39 good, and 6 excellent. Potato rows filled was 96 percent, near 98 last year, and 92 average. Vines dry was 7 percent, near 11 last year.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 7 percent very poor, 14 poor, 32 fair, 43 good, and 4 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 75 percent complete, behind 82 last year, but ahead of 69 average.

Sugarbeets condition rated 3 percent very poor, 5 poor, 25 fair, 55 good, and 12 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 28 fair, 51 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers were limited to 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork as a large area of heavy rain moved across Minnesota during the week ending August 14, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The resulting wet conditions led to flooding and ponding in some areas, raising concerns about crop stress and losses. Field activities for the week included cutting and baling hay, harvesting small grains, and applying insecticides as needed.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 26 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus.

Seventy-eight percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was in or beyond the dough stage, 12 days ahead of the five-year average and 5 days ahead of last year. Twelve percent of the corn acreage was in or beyond the dent stage. Corn condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, a week ahead of average, but 6 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Fifty-seven percent of the spring wheat acreage had been harvested, 6 days ahead of the five-year average. Spring wheat condition rated 69 percent good to excellent. Seventy-four percent of the oat crop was harvested for grain, 4 days ahead of average, but equal to last year. Sixty-one percent of the barley acreage had been harvested, 6 days ahead of average. Barley condition rated 63 percent good to excellent. Seventy-five percent of the dry edible bean crop was fully podded. Dry edible bean condition rated 69 percent good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent. Eleven percent of the potato acreage had been harvested, 4 days ahead of average. Potato condition rated 92 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition rated 83 percent good to excellent, down 4 percentage points from last week.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 94 percent complete. The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 58 percent complete, a week ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 76 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Above normal precipitation across much of Iowa limited fieldwork to 4.3 days suitable for the week ending August 14, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included cutting hay and fungicide and insecticide applications. Spraying activities were wrapping up in some areas.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus.

Eighty percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the dough stage, 5 days ahead of last year and 10 days ahead of the 5-year average. Twenty-three percent of Iowa’s corn crop reached the dent stage, 3 days ahead of normal. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 97 percent, 8 days ahead of the previous year. Eighty-seven percent of soybeans were setting pods, with a few scattered reports of soybeans starting to turn color. Soybean condition rated 83 percent good to excellent, although there were scattered reports of Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS) across the State. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop for grain or seed has been harvested, equal to last year’s pace.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay is 52 percent complete, 4 days ahead of average. Hay condition rated 73 percent good to excellent, while pasture condition rated 62 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as normal.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending August 14, 2016, Nebraska experienced near normal temperatures, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Many areas received more than two inches of rain, while large pockets in the central and southwestern parts of the State remained dry. In these dry areas, there was concern about the lack of rainfall affecting dryland crop conditions. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 30 short, 59 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 29 short, 64 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 59 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dough was 76 percent, ahead of 64 last year and the five-year average of 66. Dented was 17 percent, ahead of 11 last year, but near 19 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 15 fair, 68 good, and 17 excellent. Sorghum headed was 87 percent, near 91 last year, but ahead of 76 average. Coloring was 27 percent, ahead of 10 both last year and average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 63 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 97 percent, equal to both last year and average. Setting pods was 81 percent, near 77 last year and 80 average.

Oats harvested was 89 percent, near 91 last year, and behind 96 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 4 percent very poor, 4 poor, 17 fair, 62 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa third cutting was 77 percent, ahead of 60 last year and 62 average. Fourth cutting was 17 percent, ahead of 11 last year.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 31 fair, 53 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 93 percent, equal to last year. Setting pods was 84 percent, equal to last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 24 fair, 59 good, and 10 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 86 adequate, and 2 surplus.