Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending August 21, 2016, soil moisture ratings improved on mid-week showers and thunderstorms, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall totals ranging from one-half to over two inches were reported across portions of south central and east central South Dakota. Producers continued to progress on second and third cutting alfalfa in addition to putting up other grass and mixed hay in parts of the State. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 27 short, 62 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 33 short, 56 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 96 percent, near 99 last year and equal to the five-year average.

Corn condition rated 5 percent very poor, 12 poor, 30 fair, 46 good, and 7 excellent. Corn dough was 83 percent, ahead of 75 last year and 72 average. Dented was 23 percent, near 21 last year and 20 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 89 percent, ahead of 82 last year and 76 average.

Soybeans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 29 fair, 51 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 94 percent, ahead of 87 last year and 88 average. Dropping leaves was 7 percent, near 3 last year and 4 average.

Barley coloring was 96 percent, near 95 last year. Mature was 93 percent, near 92 both last year and average. Harvested was 84 percent, ahead of 71 last year and 65 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 43 fair, 53 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum headed was 96 percent, near 93 both last year and average. Coloring was at 43 percent, well ahead of 16 last year, and ahead of 31 average. Mature was 3 percent, near 1 last year and 0 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 38 fair, 51 good, and 2 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 77 percent, behind 88 last year and 86 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 9 percent very poor, 21 poor, 48 fair, 22 good, and 0 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 75 percent, behind 93 both last year and average. Third cutting was 47 percent, well ahead of 27 last year, and ahead of 39 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 18 poor, 37 fair, 37 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6 percent very short, 26 short, 67 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending August 21, 2016, temperatures averaged below normal in the southwest half of the State and near normal in the north, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The eastern half of North Dakota received one to three inches of rain, while much of the west received an inch or less. In the eastern part of the State, storms greatly affected crops and slowed down harvest. Vomitoxin was reported in the west part of the State. There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 14 short, 70 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 15 short, 70 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat harvested was 95 percent, ahead of 82 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 13 fair, 63 good, and 18 excellent. Durum wheat coloring was 97 percent, equal to last year, and ahead of 84 five-year average. Mature was 63 percent, behind 75 last year.

Spring wheat harvested was 64 percent, near 63 last year, and ahead of 39 average.

Barley harvested was 77 percent, behind 84 last year, but well ahead of 51 average.

Oats harvested was 80 percent, ahead of 71 last year, and well ahead of 48 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 63 good, and 16 excellent. Corn silking was 96 percent, near 99 last year and 98 average. Dough was 71 percent, near 73 last year, but ahead of 59 average. Dented was 19 percent, near 15 last year, and ahead of 13 average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 60 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 94 percent, near 97 last year and 93 average. Dropping leaves was 6 percent, behind 16 last year, but near 4 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 67 good, and 11 excellent. Canola coloring was 94 percent, near 96 last year, and 90 average. Harvested was 32 percent, near 29 last year, and ahead of 19 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 43 percent, well ahead of 24 last year and well ahead of 15 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 72 good, and 7 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 94 percent, near 98 last year, but ahead of 78 average.

Dry peas harvested was 90 percent, ahead of 85 last year and well ahead of 56 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 6 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 51 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans setting pods was 95 percent, near 93 last year and 92 average. Dropping leaves was 28 percent, behind 43 last year, but ahead of 19 average.

Potatoes condition rated 14 percent very poor, 12 poor, 32 fair, 36 good, and 6 excellent. Potato rows filled was 97 percent, near 100 last year, and equal to 97 average. Vines dry was 11 percent, behind 17 last year.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 7 percent very poor, 14 poor, 33 fair, 42 good, and 4 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 82 percent complete, behind 89 last year, but near 80 average.

Sugarbeets condition rated 4 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 51 good, and 13 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 2 percent, equal to last year and near 1 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 28 fair, 51 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Wet field conditions and continued precipitation limited Minnesota farmers to 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 21, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The wet conditions made it a challenge to harvest small grains and hay in some areas. There continued to be reports of saturated fields and, in some areas, standing water. There were some reports of white mold on soybeans due to continual precipitation. There were also reports of sudden death syndrome in soybeans in the southeastern part of the State.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 27 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus.

Thirty-one percent of the corn acreage was in or beyond the dent stage, 4 days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition rated 86 percent good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from the previous week. Six percent of the soybean crop was turning color, 2 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 80 percent good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from last week. Seventy-seven percent of the spring wheat acreage had been harvested, 9 days ahead of average, but 6 days behind last year. Eighty-five percent of the oat crop was harvested for grain, 3 days ahead of average, but 3 days behind last year. Eighty-five percent of the barley acreage had been harvested, 10 days ahead of average. Thirty-six percent of the dry edible bean crop was turning color, five days ahead of average. Dry edible bean condition rated 68 percent good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent. Sixteen percent of the potato acreage had been harvested, 5 days ahead of average. Potato condition rated 92 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet harvest has begun, and condition was rated 86 percent good to excellent, up 3 percentage points from last week.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was nearing completion. The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 70 percent complete, a week ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 76 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Continued precipitation, heavy in some areas of the State, resulted in 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending August 21, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation and cooler nights benefitted grain and pod fill. Activities for the week included harvesting oats and cutting hay when ground conditions were dry enough.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 85 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus. South central and southeast Iowa continue to report the lowest subsoil moisture levels in the State.

Ninety percent of the corn crop reached the dough stage or beyond, 10 days ahead of the 5-year average, with 45 percent dented or beyond, 6 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. There were scattered reports of corn showing signs of maturity. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Soybeans setting pods reached 92 percent, 5 days ahead of last year and 4 days ahead of normal. Three percent of soybeans have started to turn color. Soybean condition rated 82 percent good to excellent, although there were reports of sudden death and white mold in some soybean fields. Harvesting of oats for grain or seed was nearing completion.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 66 percent complete, 4 days ahead of average. Pasture condition rated 64 percent good to excellent. Livestock experienced little stress with near ideal conditions.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending August 21, 2016, temperatures averaged two degrees below normal as cooler conditions prevailed, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation of an inch or more was limited to portions of the southern Panhandle and the eastern third of the State. Much of the State remained dry, with drought conditions in south central counties as well as the northwest. Panhandle producers continued preparations for winter wheat planting. Irrigation was active in most counties. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 32 short, 58 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 30 short, 62 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 58 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dough was 87 percent, ahead of 81 last year, and near the five-year average of 84. Dented was 42 percent, ahead of 30 last year and 37 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 16 fair, 66 good, and 18 excellent. Sorghum headed was 95 percent, near 97 last year, but ahead of 88 average. Coloring was 44 percent, well ahead of 24 last year and 21 average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 61 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 92 percent, near 88 last year and 89 average. Dropping leaves was 2 percent, near 4 last year and 1 average.

Oats harvested was 95 percent, near 96 last year and 98 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 4 percent very poor, 4 poor, 17 fair, 62 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa third cutting was 86 percent, ahead of 81 last year and 78 average. Fourth cutting was 30 percent, ahead of 20 last year, and well ahead of 9 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 31 fair, 53 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 93 percent, near 96 last year. Setting pods was 85 percent, behind 94 last year and 93 average. Dropping leaves was 5 percent, near 8 last year and 2 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 24 fair, 57 good, and 10 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 86 adequate, and 1 surplus.