Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending August 28, 2016, dry, warm weather continued to impact pasture and range conditions, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. A majority of pasture and range was rated in fair to poor condition as moderate to severe drought conditions remained across much of western South Dakota. Major field activities included cutting silage and preparing for winter wheat seeding. There were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 28 short, 61 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 34 short, 55 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 5 percent very poor, 13 poor, 30 fair, 44 good, and 8 excellent. Corn dough was 91 percent, near 87 last year and 88 for the five-year average. Dented was 45 percent, near 43 last year, and ahead of 39 average. Mature was 5 percent, near 2 last year and 3 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 91 percent, near 92 last year and 87 average.

Soybeans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 96 percent, near 94 last year and 95 average. Dropping leaves was 14 percent, near 15 last year and 12 average.

Barley mature was 98 percent, near 96 last year and 97 average. Harvested was 93 percent, ahead of 78 last year and 80 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 43 fair, 53 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 53 percent, ahead of 42 last year and 47 average. Mature was 8 percent, ahead of 2 both last year and average.

Sunflowers condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 39 fair, 51 good, and 2 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 79 percent, behind 96 last year and 95 average. Ray flowers dried was 13 percent, behind 28 last year and 24 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 8 percent very poor, 22 poor, 48 fair, 22 good, and 0 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 81 percent, behind 98 last year and 97 average. Third cutting was 57 percent, ahead of 42 last year and 51 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 8 percent very poor, 19 poor, 36 fair, 36 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 7 percent very short, 26 short, 66 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending August 28, 2016, temperatures averaged below normal in the southern half of the State and near normal in the north, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Little to no rain was received during the week, except for portions of east central North Dakota which recorded an inch or more. Small grain harvest was wrapping up around the State. Producers continued haying operations. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 17 short, 69 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 15 short, 70 adequate, and 10 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Durum wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 14 fair, 62 good, and 18 excellent. Durum wheat mature was 89 percent, near 91 last year. Harvested was 55 percent, near 56 last year and well ahead of 36 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat mature was 99 percent, near 98 last year. Harvested was 82 percent, near 81 last year, and well ahead of 55 average.

Barley mature was 99 percent. Harvested was 90 percent, near 93 last year, but well ahead of 66 average.

Oats harvested was 91 percent, near 87 last year, and well ahead of 63 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 17 fair, 62 good, and 16 excellent. Corn dough was 84 percent, near 88 last year, but ahead of 77 average. Dented was 41 percent, equal to last year, and ahead of 28 average. Mature was 1 percent, near 0 last year and 2 average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 98 percent, near 99 last year and equal to average. Dropping leaves was 13 percent, behind 28 last year, but near 12 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 67 good, and 11 excellent. Canola coloring was 99 percent, near 97 last year and 95 average. Harvested was 57 percent, ahead of 49 last year and 39 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 22 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 66 percent, ahead of 53 last year, and well ahead of 35 average. Bracts turning yellow was 30 percent, ahead of 12 last year. Bracts turning brown was 3 percent.

Flaxseed condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 16 fair, 73 good, and 6 excellent. Flaxseed coloring was 98 percent, near 99 last year, but ahead of 89 average. Harvested was 37 percent, near 38 last year, but ahead of 22 average.

Dry peas harvested was 96 percent, near 95 last year, and well ahead of 76 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 6 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 51 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 50 percent, behind 64 last year, but ahead of 37 average. Harvested was 4 percent, behind 9 last year, and equal to average.

Potatoes condition rated 15 percent very poor, 15 poor, 30 fair, 33 good, and 7 excellent. Potato vines dry was 31 percent, ahead of 24 last year and 16 average. Harvested was 1 percent, equal to last year.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 7 percent very poor, 14 poor, 34 fair, 42 good, and 3 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 88 percent complete, behind 94 last year, but near 87 average.

Sugarbeets condition rated 4 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 51 good, and 13 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 4 percent, equal to last year, and near 2 average.

Lentils harvested was 64 percent, behind 78 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 11 poor, 28 fair, 51 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 19 short, 74 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Minnesota

Periodic rainfall kept field conditions fairly damp, limiting Minnesota farmers to 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 28, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The wet conditions continued to be a challenge for the harvest of small grains and hay in some areas. There were some reports of disease in soybeans, particularly across southern Minnesota. Field activities for the week included harvesting hay and small grains, lifting sugarbeets, and harvesting sweet corn.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus.

Fifty-eight percent of the corn acreage was in or beyond the dent stage, 6 days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Twelve percent of the soybean crop was turning color, 2 days behind the average and 5 days behind last year. Soybean condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Eighty-eight percent of the spring wheat acreage had been harvested, 11 days ahead of average, but a week behind last year. Ninety-three percent of the oat crop for grain was harvested, 3 days ahead of average, but 3 days behind last year. Barley harvest is nearing completion, with 96 percent of the crop harvested. Sixty-five percent of the dry edible bean crop was turning color, 8 days ahead of average. Dry edible bean condition rated 68 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent. One-quarter of the potato acreage had been harvested, a week ahead of average. Potato condition rated 90 percent good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from last week. Five percent of the sugarbeet crop had been harvested. Sugarbeet condition was rated 87 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 75 percent complete. Pasture condition rated 76 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Above normal precipitation resulted in just 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork across Iowa during the week ending August 28, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included chopping corn for silage and planting cover crops. Producers continued to cut hay when conditions were dry enough.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 83 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 7 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus. Ponding and flooding of some fields were reported in the northern two-thirds of Iowa.

Ninety-four percent of the corn crop reached the dough stage or beyond, 8 days ahead of the five-year average, with sixty-five percent dented or beyond, 5 days ahead of both last year and normal. Corn was starting to mature, most notably in the southern third of the State. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent despite some reports of crop damage from heavy rain and wind during the week. Soybeans setting pods reached 96 percent, 4 days ahead of last year. Thirteen percent of soybeans have started to turn color, 3 days ahead of last year’s pace. Soybean condition rated 82 percent good to excellent, although there were reports of sudden death and white mold in some soybean fields. Oats harvested for grain or seed was virtually complete.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 73 percent complete, one week ahead of last year. Pasture condition rated 64 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were normal although higher insect numbers and muddy feedlots were reported in some areas of the State.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending August 28, 2016, temperatures averaged two to four degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation of an inch or more was limited to the southern border counties and portions of the extreme east. Much of the State remained dry. The cooler temperatures reduced crop moisture demands. In western counties, producers continued preparing summer fallow for winter wheat planting. There were 5.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 32 short, 57 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 30 short, 61 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 59 good, and 16 excellent. Corn dough was 95 percent, ahead of 89 last year, and near the five-year average of 92. Dented was 61 percent, ahead of 53 last year and 56 average. Mature was 5 percent, near 1 last year and 7 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 17 fair, 64 good, and 19 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 74 percent, well ahead of 39 last year and 36 average. Mature was 2 percent.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 61 good, and 16 excellent. Soybeans setting pods was 96 percent, near 95 last year, and equal to average. Dropping leaves was 8 percent, near 9 last year and 4 average.

Winter wheat planted was 1 percent, equal to average.

Alfalfa condition rated 4 percent very poor, 4 poor, 18 fair, 62 good, and 12 excellent. Alfalfa third cutting was 93 percent, near 92 last year, and ahead of 86 average. Fourth cutting was 37 percent, ahead of 27 last year, and well ahead of 17 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 52 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 93 percent. Setting pods was 88 percent, behind 98 last year and 97 average. Dropping leaves was 19 percent, behind 26 last year, but near 16 average.

Proso millet harvested was 6 percent, near 2 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 23 fair, 55 good, and 10 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 86 adequate, and 1 surplus.