Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending September 11, 2016, producers began seeding winter wheat in parts of South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Other field work included cutting silage and haying. Fieldwork was slowed early in the week as strong storms moved across portions of the east. Corn and soybeans continued to mature at or near average pace. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 24 short, 66 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 31 short, 59 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 5 percent very poor, 13 poor, 30 fair, 44 good, and 8 excellent. Corn dented was 82 percent, ahead of 77 last year, and near the five-year average of 79. Mature was 18 percent, behind 25 last year, and near 21 average.

Spring wheat harvested was 97 percent, near 99 last year and 98 average.

Soybeans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 27 fair, 50 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 45 percent, near 47 last year and 44 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 42 fair, 53 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 86 percent, near 84 last year and 85 average. Mature was 29 percent, well ahead of 7 last year, and ahead of 15 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 38 fair, 53 good, and 2 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 90 percent, behind 100 both last year and average. Ray flowers dried was 50 percent, behind 65 last year, and well behind 72 average. Bracts turning yellow was 17 percent, near 21 last year, and well behind 39 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 8 percent very poor, 23 poor, 45 fair, 24 good, and 0 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 87 percent, behind 99 last year. Third cutting was 67 percent, near 71 last year, and behind 73 average. Fourth cutting was 18 percent, near 16 last year.

Winter wheat planted was 7 percent, behind 17 last year and 13 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 8 percent very poor, 18 poor, 35 fair, 37 good, and 2 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 7 percent very short, 23 short, 69 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending September 11, 2016, average temperatures ranged from one to five degrees below normal across most of North Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Most harvest activities in the northeastern part of the State were halted due to rainfall. Persistent moisture in this area has caused drowned out acres and promoted disease in unharvested crops. The moisture received in the southwestern part of the State was much needed, as late season crops were showing signs of stress. There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 70 adequate, and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 14 short, 71 adequate, and 11 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Durum wheat harvested was 77 percent, behind 85 last year, but ahead of 65 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat harvested was 95 percent, near 96 last year, but ahead of 82 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 17 fair, 62 good, and 16 excellent. Corn dough was 97 percent, near 96 both last year and average. Dented was 77 percent, near 78 last year, but ahead of 70 average. Mature was 23 percent, ahead of 11 last year and 16 average. Harvested was 1 percent, near 0 last year, and equal to average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 61 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 53 percent, behind 61 last year, but ahead of 46 average.

Canola harvested was 82 percent, ahead of 75 last year and 73 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 86 percent, near 89 last year, but ahead of 76 average. Bracts turning yellow was 67 percent, ahead of 48 last year, and well ahead of 37 average. Bracts turning brown was 22 percent, ahead of 12 last year.

Flaxseed harvested was 74 percent, near 71 last year, and well ahead of 49 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 8 percent very poor, 8 poor, 27 fair, 46 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 87 percent, near 90 last year, but ahead of 79 average. Harvested was 31 percent, behind 43 last year, but ahead of 24 average.

Potatoes condition rated 16 percent very poor, 18 poor, 29 fair, 31 good, and 6 excellent. Potato vines dry was 67 percent, ahead of 54 last year and 51 average. Harvested was 8 percent, near 9 last year, and equal to average.

Alfalfa hay second cutting was 91 percent complete.

Sugarbeets condition rated 8 percent very poor, 8 poor, 21 fair, 48 good, and 15 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 8 percent, near 11 last year and 7 average.

Lentils harvested was 89 percent, near 90 last year.

Winter wheat planted was 10 percent, behind 25 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 6 percent very poor, 11 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6 percent very short, 19 short, 73 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Minnesota

Several strong thunderstorms passed through Minnesota during the week ending September 11, 2016, limiting farmers to 2.8 days suitable for fieldwork. This is the fewest number of days for fieldwork since May. In some areas, crops are showing stress from excess moisture. There have been reports of saturated fields and disease issues resulting from continued wet conditions, including reports of white mold on soybeans. Field activities for the week included harvesting alfalfa hay, cutting silage, and readying harvest equipment.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 34 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 25 percent surplus.

Ninety percent of the corn acreage was in or beyond the dent stage, 6 days ahead of the five-year average. Eighteen percent of the corn for grain acreage was mature. Corn condition rated 84 percent good to excellent. Thirty-five percent of corn for silage had been harvested, 3 days behind average. Sixty-nine percent of the soybean crop was turning color, 4 days ahead average, but 3 days behind last year. Twenty-three percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves or beyond. Soybean condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Eighty-three percent of the dry edible bean crop was dropping leaves or beyond. Thirty-four percent of the dry edible bean crop had been harvested, 5 days ahead of average, but slightly behind last year. Dry edible bean condition rated 65 percent good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from the previous week. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent. Forty-one percent of the potato acreage had been harvested, 5 days ahead of average. Potato condition rated 89 percent good to excellent. Ten percent of the sugarbeet crop had been harvested. Sugarbeet condition was rated 87 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 88 percent complete. Pasture condition rated 75 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Iowa’s wettest week of the year, with especially heavy rains in northern Iowa, limited fieldwork during the week ending September 11, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were just 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork. Producers reported seeing corn stalk rot and stress on soybeans due to excessive moisture. Activities for the week included chopping corn for silage, seed corn harvest and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 86 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus.

Ninety percent of the corn crop reached the dent stage or beyond, 5 days ahead of the five-year average. Twenty-nine percent of corn had reached maturity, 3 days ahead of last year, but 1 day behind average. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Sixty-two percent of soybeans have started to turn color, 2 days ahead of last year’s pace. Nineteen percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, 3 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 82 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 91 percent complete, two weeks ahead of last year. Producers in several parts of the State have been working on a fourth cutting of hay. Especially green and productive for late summer, pasture condition improved slightly to 65 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as excellent although there were a few reports of muddy feedlots.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending September 11, 2016, temperatures averaged two to four degrees below normal across western Nebraska, but two to four degrees above normal in the east, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation of an inch was common across north central areas, portions of the east, and central Nebraska. Southwestern areas and much of the Panhandle remained dry. Cutting Silage was active and the first fields of high moisture corn were being harvested for feedlot use. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 27 short, 61 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 28 short, 63 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 57 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dented was 89 percent, ahead of 83 last year, and near the five-year average of 87. Mature was 28 percent, ahead of 23 last year, and near 25 average. Harvested was 1 percent, equal to last year, and near 4 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 64 good, and 21 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 95 percent, ahead of 81 last year, and well ahead of 75 average. Mature was 22 percent, ahead of 9 last year and 7 average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 17 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 29 percent, near 33 last year, but ahead of 22 average.

Winter wheat planted was 19 percent, ahead of 13 last year, and near 16 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 4 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 59 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa fourth cutting was 51 percent, near 55 last year, but ahead of 45 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 33 fair, 55 good, and 9 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 78 percent, behind 89 last year, but ahead of 70 average. Harvested was 16 percent, behind 22 last year, but near 15 average.

Proso millet harvested was 12 percent, well behind 38 last year, and behind 26 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 25 fair, 55 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 86 adequate, and 1 surplus.