Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending September 18, 2016, producers began to harvest corn, soybeans and grain sorghum in parts of South Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Winter wheat seeding was also ongoing. Substantial rains caused ponding and flooding across parts of the southeast, limiting fieldwork at the end of the week. Western South Dakota remained mostly dry. There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 22 short, 69 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 28 short, 63 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 13 poor, 30 fair, 45 good, and 8 excellent. Corn dented was 89 percent, near 87 last year and the five-year average of 90. Mature was 41 percent, near 40 last year and 38 average. Harvested was 3 percent, near 1 last year and 6 average.

Soybeans condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 26 fair, 51 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 67 percent, equal to last year, and near 65 average. Harvested was 2 percent, equal to last year, and near 6 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 41 fair, 54 good, and 2 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 92 percent, near 90 last year and 91 average. Mature was 47 percent, well ahead of 18 last year and 25 average. Harvested was 3 percent, near 2 last year and 7 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 33 fair, 58 good, and 3 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 95 percent, behind 100 both last year and average. Ray flowers dried was 62 percent, behind 78 last year, and well behind 85 average. Bracts turning yellow was 29 percent, behind 43 last year, and well behind 59 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 7 percent very poor, 23 poor, 44 fair, 25 good, and 1 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was 95 percent. Third cutting was 68 percent, behind 79 last year and 80 average. Fourth cutting was 33 percent, ahead of 24 last year.

Winter wheat planted was 20 percent, well behind 41 last year, and behind 29 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 8 percent very poor, 18 poor, 35 fair, 37 good, and 2 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 7 percent very short, 21 short, 70 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending September 18, 2016, temperatures averaged from one to four degrees below normal across most of North Dakota, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Soybean harvest began this week, while other crop harvest activities slowed due to rainfall. Crop disease were still an issue due to damp conditions. There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 13 short, 70 adequate, and 14 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 13 short, 70 adequate, and 13 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Durum wheat harvested was 85 percent, behind 93 last year, but ahead of 78 for the five-year average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 63 good, and 16 excellent. Corn dented was 88 percent, equal to last year, and near 84 average. Mature was 40 percent, ahead of 23 last year and 30 average. Harvested was 2 percent, near 0 last year and 3 average.

Soybeans condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 74 percent, behind 80 last year, but ahead of 69 average. Harvested was 2 percent, behind 7 last year and 9 average.

Canola harvested was 89 percent, near 87 last year and 86 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers ray flowers dried was 90 percent, near 94 last year and 89 average. Bracts turning yellow was 74 percent, near 70 last year, and ahead of 58 average. Bracts turning brown was 32 percent, near 34 last year.

Flaxseed harvested was 86 percent, near 83 last year, and well ahead of 65 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 8 percent very poor, 10 poor, 29 fair, 43 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 93 percent, near 96 last year and 91 average. Harvested was 43 percent, well behind 65 last year, and near 44 average.

Potatoes condition rated 17 percent very poor, 19 poor, 30 fair, 28 good, and 6 excellent. Potato vines dry was 85 percent, ahead of 75 last year and 73 average. Harvested was 15 percent, behind 26 last year and 22 average.

Alfalfa hay second cutting was 94 percent complete.

Sugarbeet condition rated 9 percent very poor, 9 poor, 22 fair, 46 good, and 14 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 9 percent, behind 14 last year and equal to average.

Lentils harvested was 91 percent, near 93 last year, but ahead of 80 average.

Winter wheat planted was 36 percent, behind 47 last year. Emerged was 4 percent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 28 fair, 52 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6 percent very short, 19 short, 72 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Wet field conditions continued to limit fieldwork and harvest operations across Minnesota during the week ending September 18 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork. In addition to limiting harvest opportunities, the consistently wet conditions have raised concerns about mold in corn and soybeans, stalk problems in corn, and rot related to wet soil. While the damp conditions have proved challenging, harvest continues for corn silage, sugarbeets, potatoes, alfalfa hay, and dry edible beans.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 62 percent adequate, and 36 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus.

Forty-five percent of Minnesota’s corn acreage was mature, 5 days ahead of the five-year average and 3 days ahead of last year. Corn condition rated 84 percent good to excellent. Nearly one-third of the corn for silage acreage was harvested during the week, bringing the total harvested to 67 percent. Ninety-one percent of the soybean crop was turning color, 6 days ahead of average, but 2 days behind last year. Fifty-six percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves or beyond, 2 days ahead of average. There were scattered reports of soybeans being harvested. Soybean condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Ninety-four percent of the dry edible bean crop was dropping leaves or beyond. Sixty-one percent of the dry edible bean crop had been harvested, a week ahead of average, but 2 days behind last year. Dry edible bean condition rated 65 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 58 percent good to excellent. Forty-six percent of the potato acreage had been harvested. Potato condition rated 89 percent good to excellent. Twelve percent of the sugarbeet crop was harvested. Sugarbeet condition rated 84 percent good to excellent, down 3 percentage points from the previous week.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 91 percent complete. Pasture condition rated 75 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Another week of rain and storms kept producers out of the fields much of the week ending September 18, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were only 3.3 days suitable for fieldwork, but farmers in east central and southeast Iowa had over 5.0 days suitable. Activities for the week included chopping corn for silage, seed corn harvest, manure application and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 81 percent adequate and 14 percent surplus. Reporters in the northern third of Iowa noted some fields with standing water.

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop reached the dent stage or beyond, 3 days ahead of the five-year average. Crops are maturing rapidly with 52 percent of corn at the mature stage, 3 days ahead of last year. There were scattered reports of corn for grain being harvested. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Eighty-two percent of soybeans were turning color, 2 days ahead of last year’s pace. Forty-six percent of soybeans were dropping leaves, 4 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 81 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was 95 percent complete, two weeks ahead of last year. However, the precipitation made it difficult for some producers to make dry hay. Pasture condition rated 66 percent good to excellent. While moderate temperatures were beneficial for livestock conditions, heavy rains were causing muddy feedlots.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending September 18, 2016, temperatures averaged near normal in the east and two degrees below normal across western Nebraska, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Minimal precipitation fell across western areas, while rainfall was widespread over eastern Nebraska. Parts of the northeast received five inches or more of rain. Dry bean combining was underway in western counties. Seed corn and silage harvests continued. The first fields of soybeans were being taken and winter wheat seeding was active in the west. There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 23 short, 65 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 26 short, 64 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 57 good, and 17 excellent. Corn dented was 95 percent, near 91 last year, and equal to the five-year average. Mature was 45 percent, near 41 both last year and average. Harvested was 2 percent, near 4 last year, and behind 7 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 63 good, and 22 excellent. Sorghum mature was 42 percent, ahead of 28 last year, and well ahead of 21 average.

Soybeans condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 19 fair, 60 good, and 17 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 51 percent, behind 57 last year, but ahead of 44 average. Harvested was 2 percent, equal to last year, and near 3 average.

Winter wheat planted was 45 percent, ahead of 40 last year and 37 average. Emerged was 8 percent, near 6 last year and 4 average.

Alfalfa fourth cutting was 60 percent, behind 74 last year, and near 63 average.

Dry edible beans condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 33 fair, 55 good, and 9 excellent. Dry edible beans dropping leaves was 91 percent, behind 94 last year, but ahead of 85 average. Harvested was 29 percent, behind 42 last year, and near 31 average.

Proso millet harvested was 24 percent, well behind 62 last year and 44 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 25 fair, 56 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 87 adequate, and 1 surplus.