Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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Farm Forum

South Dakota

Sioux Falls, SD – For the week ending October 23, 2016, harvest advanced on generally favorable weather, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. However, corn and soybean harvest progress remains behind last year and average as mid-week showers slowed progress in some central and southeast locations. High grain moisture on late-planted corn and soybeans was also slowing progress for some producers. Fall-tillage and fertilizer applications began on harvested acres in parts of the State. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 25 short, 63 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 31 short, 60 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 11 poor, 29 fair, 45 good, and 11 excellent. Corn harvested was 47 percent, behind 54 last year and the five-year average of 57.

Soybeans harvested was 89 percent, behind 94 last year, and near 93 average.

Sorghum harvested was 80 percent, well ahead of 56 last year, and ahead of 67 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 33 fair, 57 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers bracts turning yellow was 97 percent. Bracts turning brown was 92 percent, near 95 last year. Harvested was 56 percent, ahead of 51 last year and 46 average.

Winter wheat emerged was 82 percent, near 85 last year, but ahead of 64 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 9 percent very poor, 18 poor, 38 fair, 33 good, and 2 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 8 percent very short, 22 short, 68 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending October 23, 2016, ideal weather conditions across most of North Dakota allowed producers to make good harvest progress, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The only area that received any significant amount of moisture was the extreme south central portion of the State, where as much as half an inch of rain fell. Livestock producers were busy weaning calves, completing fall vaccinations and hauling hay. Cattle were being moved to fall pastures and harvested fields for grazing. There were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 11 short, 75 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 12 short, 72 adequate, and 13 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 15 fair, 59 good, and 22 excellent. Corn mature was 98 percent, near 99 last year and 97 for the five-year average. Harvested was 39 percent, behind 56 last year and 51 average.

Soybeans harvested was 94 percent, near 97 last year, but ahead of 88 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 66 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers bracts turning brown was 98 percent, equal to both last year and average. Harvested was 38 percent, behind 46 last year, but equal to average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 93 percent.

Potatoes harvested was 89 percent, behind 95 both last year and average.

Sugarbeets harvested was 96 percent, near 100 last year and 94 average.

Winter wheat planted was 94 percent, behind 99 last year. Emerged was 87 percent, near 85 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 13 poor, 30 fair, 48 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 75 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Minnesota

Almost one-quarter of the corn for grain was harvested in Minnesota during the week ending October 23, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, the most days suitable since the first week of July. While the weather allowed harvest operations to progress, there were still areas that remained too wet to harvest. Field activities for the week included harvesting, fall fertilizer applications, and fall tilling.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus.

With nearly one-quarter of the corn for grain harvested during the week, corn for grain harvest advanced to 55 percent complete, 3 days behind the five-year average and 6 days behind last year. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest was 18 percent. Corn condition rated 87 percent good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from last week. Soybean harvest was 95 percent complete, 1 week behind last year. Sixty-five percent of the sunflower acreage was harvested. Advancing 20 percentage points from the previous week, 91 percent of the sugarbeet crop was harvested, equal to the average, but 10 days behind last year.

Pasture condition rated 69 percent good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from last week.

Iowa

Although there were 6.1 days suitable for fieldwork Statewide during the week ending October 23, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, corn for grain and soybean harvest progress remains behind both the previous year and the five-year average. Besides harvest, other activities included chopping and baling corn stalks, tillage, and manure applications.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 84 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus.

Fifty-two percent of the corn crop for grain has been harvested, 4 days behind the five-year average. Moisture content of all corn being harvested was at 17 percent, down 1 percentage point from the previous week. Corn condition rated 83 percent good to excellent. Southeast Iowa is the only area of the State with over two-thirds of the corn for grain crop harvested. Seventy-seven percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, more than one week behind last year, and 6 days behind normal. Farmers in southwest and south central Iowa still have over one-half of their soybean crop to harvest.

Grain movement from farm to elevator was rated 12 percent none, 25 percent light, 37 percent moderate and 26 percent heavy. Off-farm grain storage availability rated 20 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. On-farm grain storage availability rated 26 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus.

Pasture condition rated 61 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were described as excellent, with reports of some cattle being turned out to graze corn stalks.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending October 23, 2016, temperatures averaging four to six degrees above normal, combined with limited precipitation, improved harvest conditions, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Heavy morning dews continued to limit soybean harvest progress. Cattle producers began moving livestock to corn stalks where available. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 26 short, 62 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 25 short, 65 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 57 good, and 16 excellent. Corn harvested was 50 percent, near 52 last year and the five-year average of 54.

Sorghum harvested was 67 percent, ahead of 49 last year and 50 average.

Soybeans harvested was 78 percent, behind 87 last year and 88 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 27 fair, 56 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 93 percent, ahead of 89 last year and 84 average.

Alfalfa fourth cutting was 88 percent.

Proso millet harvested was 98 percent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 8 poor, 29 fair, 51 good, and 7 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 87 adequate, and 1 surplus.