Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

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South Dakota

Sioux Falls – For the week ending October 30, 2016, soybean harvest neared completion as above-average temperatures were experienced statewide, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Late-week rains slowed harvest progress in the northeast. However, the rainfall was beneficial for top and subsoil moisture supplies in drier areas of the region. Livestock feed supplies continued to be a concern in western locations, which remained very dry during the week. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 26 short, 63 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 31 short, 61 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 28 fair, 46 good, and 12 excellent. Corn harvested was 62 percent, behind 74 last year and the five-year average of 73.

Soybeans harvested was 95 percent, near 97 both last year and average.

Sorghum harvested was 90 percent, ahead of 71 last year and 79 average.

Sunflowers bracts turning brown was 97 percent, equal to last year. Harvested was 73 percent, ahead of 66 last year and 63 average.

Winter wheat condition was 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 32 fair, 55 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 89 percent, near 93 last year, but ahead of 73 average.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 9 percent very poor, 18 poor, 37 fair, 34 good, and 2 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 8 percent very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

Fargo, N.D. – For the week ending October 30, 2016, rainfall over much of the State slowed harvest progress, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The eastern half of North Dakota was impacted the most, with the southeast receiving one to three inches of rain. Temperatures averaged three to nine degrees above normal. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 11 short, 74 adequate, and 13 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 12 short, 73 adequate, and 12 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 57 good, and 25 excellent. Corn harvested was 52 percent, well behind 78 last year, and behind 67 for the five-year average.

Soybeans harvested was 97 percent, near 99 last year and 95 average.

Sunflowers condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent. Sunflowers harvested was 53 percent, behind 65 last year, and near 54 average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 95 percent.

Potatoes harvested was 94 percent.

Sugarbeets harvested was 99 percent, near 100 last year and 98 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 70 good and 5 excellent. Winter wheat planted was 95 percent, behind 100 last year. Emerged was 90 percent, near 92 last year.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 13 poor, 30 fair, 48 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers harvested 20 percent of the corn for grain during the week ending October 30, 2016, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork, a challenging week for combining and tilling with wet conditions across much of the State. Rains throughout the week worsened field conditions in many areas, leading some to note that harvest may not be able to be completed until the ground freezes. Field activities for the week included harvesting, baling corn stalks, and tillage.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 76 percent adequate, and 23 percent surplus.

With one-fifth of the corn for grain harvested during the week, corn for grain harvest advanced to 75 percent complete, 2 days behind the five-year average and a week behind last year. Corn moisture content of grain at harvest was 17 percent. Soybean harvest was nearing completion, with 97 percent harvested. Eighty percent of the sunflower acreage was harvested, equal to average. Ninety-five percent of the sugarbeet crop was harvested, 3 days behind average.

Pasture condition rated 65 percent good to excellent, down 4 percentage points from last week.

Iowa

Corn for grain and soybean harvest progress remains behind both last year and the five-year average, although there were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the week ending October 30, 2016, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Besides harvest, other activities included chopping and baling corn stalks, tillage, and applying manure and fertilizer. There were reports of outside piling of corn for grain.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 85 percent adequate and 9 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus.

Seventy-one percent of the corn crop for grain has been harvested, 2 days behind the five-year average. Moisture content of all corn being harvested remained at 17 percent, unchanged from the previous week. Central and southeast Iowa were the only 2 districts with over 80 percent of the corn for grain crop harvested. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, one week behind last year, and 5 days behind normal. Farmers in southwest and south central Iowa still have one-third or more of their soybean crop to harvest.

Grain movement from farm to elevator was rated 68 percent moderate to heavy. Off-farm grain storage availability was rated 75 percent adequate to surplus. On-farm grain storage availability was rated 67 percent adequate to surplus.

Pasture condition rated 60 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were described as favorable, with reports of cattle in fields feeding on stover.

Nebraska

Lincoln, Neb. – For the week ending October 30, 2016, unseasonably warm conditions persisted throughout the week, with temperatures averaging nine degrees above normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Precipitation was limited to a few counties in the northeast. Many producers finished soybean harvest and were focusing on corn. There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 32 short, 56 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 8 percent very short, 29 short, 61 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn harvested was 69 percent, near 70 both last year and the five-year average.

Sorghum harvested was 81 percent, ahead of 66 last year and 70 average.

Soybeans harvested was 91 percent, near 95 last year, and behind 96 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 31 fair, 54 good, and 7 excellent. Winter wheat emerged was 95 percent, near 96 last year and 92 average.

Alfalfa fourth cutting was 92 percent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 5 percent very poor, 11 poor, 28 fair, 50 good, and 6 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 87 adequate, and 1 surplus.