Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the month of January 2017, a large storm system late in the month brought significant snowfall to many southern locations, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The snow and blowing snow created difficult conditions for producers working to maintain fences, pens, and getting feed to livestock. While snow amounts were less across the north, windy conditions caused blowing and drifting of the considerable snowpack remaining from earlier storms. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 13 short, 84 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 21 short, 76 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 37 fair, 61 good, 1 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 25 fair, 69 good, and 4 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 69 average, and 31 light.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 6 poor, 18 fair, 67 good, and 9 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 73 average, and 27 light.

Hay and roughage supplies were rated 4 percent very short, 17 short, 76 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 82 adequate, and 1 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the month of January 2017, continued snow and ice across much of the State caused hardships for livestock producers, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warmer conditions in the east caused snow to melt, which minimized blowing and reduced the need for snow removal. Temperatures averaged two degrees above normal in the eastern half of the State to four to six degrees below normal across much of western North Dakota. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 4 short, 75 adequate, and 19 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 7 short, 78 adequate, and 12 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 77 good, and 5 excellent.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 23 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 3 percent heavy, 70 average, and 27 light. Calving progress was 1 percent complete.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 65 good, and 6 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 2 percent heavy, 62 average, and 36 light. Lambing progress was at 3 percent complete.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 3 percent very short, 15 short, 79 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 84 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the month of January 2017, temperatures averaged near normal across eastern Nebraska but two to six degrees below normal in the west, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Heavy snow across northern counties the last full week of the month covered stubble fields, requiring supplemental feedings of livestock. At the end of the month, snow cover was limited to northern areas. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 16 short, 73 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 24 short, 68 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 44 fair, 43 good, and 4 excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 12 fair, 76 good, and 11 excellent. Calving progress was 4 percent complete. Cattle and calf death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 64 average, and 36 light.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 22 fair, 72 good, and 5 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 1 percent heavy, 62 average, and 37 light.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 92 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 4 short, 95 adequate, and 1 surplus.