Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending April 30, 2017, wet and unseasonably cold weather impacted much of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Snow and ice affected parts of western and northeastern South Dakota early in the week. Rain and snow were prevalent across southeastern and east central locations at the end of the reporting period. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 12 short, 83 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 17 short, 78 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 11 poor, 34 fair, 53 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 18 percent, behind 32 last year.

Spring wheat planted was 84 percent, near 80 last year, and ahead of 68 for the five-year average. Emerged was 49 percent, near 48 last year, and ahead of 35 average.

Oats planted was 84 percent, ahead of 79 last year and 72 average. Emerged was 50 percent, equal to last year, and ahead of 39 average.

Barley planted was 66 percent, ahead of 47 last year and 52 average. Emerged was 18 percent, near 22 both last year and average.

Corn planted was 7 percent, near 11 last year, and behind 20 average.

Soybeans planted was 2 percent, near 1 last year, and equal to average.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 77 good, and 7 excellent. Calving progress was 83 percent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 1 percent heavy, 73 average, and 26 light.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 69 good, and 4 excellent. Lambing progress was 91 percent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 73 average, and 27 light. Sheep shorn was 76 percent.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 5 percent very short, 17 short, 75 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 11 short, 87 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending April 30, 2017, temperatures averaged nine to twelve degrees below normal across most of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The colder temperatures, along with rain and snow during the middle of the week, halted most fieldwork. The largest amount of precipitation was received in the eastern half of the State, with four to five inches of snow reported in many areas. Fieldwork started again at the end of the week, as warmer temperatures arrived and dried out soils. There were 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 72 adequate, and 21 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 7 short, 75 adequate, and 17 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 3 percent, behind 15 both last year and the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 3 poor, 22 fair, 69 good, and 4 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 8 percent, behind 17 last year.

Spring wheat planted was 18 percent, behind 37 last year and 33 average. Emerged was 2 percent, behind 9 both last year and average.

Barley planted was 13 percent, well behind 34 last year, and behind 28 average. Emerged was 1 percent, behind 9 last year and 6 average.

Oats planted was 21 percent, behind 37 last year and 29 average.

Sugarbeets planted was 31 percent, well behind 71 last year and 51 average.

Durum wheat planted was 13 percent, near 10 last year and 15 average.

Canola planted was 3 percent, behind 10 both last year and average.

Flaxseed planted was 6 percent, near 8 both last year and average.

Dry edible peas planted was 23 percent, behind 30 last year, and near 24 average. Emerged was 1 percent.

Potatoes planted was 2 percent, behind 8 last year and 11 average.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 74 good, and 8 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 3 percent heavy, 65 average, and 32 light. Calving progress was 79 percent.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 21 fair, 70 good, and 6 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 4 percent heavy, 62 average, and 34 light. Lambing progress was 88 percent. Sheep shorn was 81 percent complete.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 6 percent very short, 22 short, 70 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 86 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Minnesota

Continuing cool temperatures and wet field conditions further delayed planting efforts in Minnesota. There were only 1.7 days suitable for field work during the week ending April 30, 2017, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Field activities for the week included finishing field preparation and planting where conditions allowed.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 29 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 23 percent surplus.

Twenty-one percent of Minnesota’s spring wheat was planted, 2 weeks behind last year and 28 percentage points behind the five-year average. Five percent of the spring wheat has emerged, 17 percentage points behind the average. The oat planting progress was also 2 weeks behind last year, advancing to 38 percent complete. Fifteen percent of the oats were emerged, well behind last year’s 49 percent and 14 percentage points behind the average. Barley planting progress was 10 percent planted with only 2 percent of the acreage emerged.

Corn planting was 12 percent completed, 13 days behind last year and 9 days behind average. Potatoes and sugarbeets, at 30 and 47 percent planted, respectively remained behind last year’s pace. Pasture conditions were upgraded to 0 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.

Iowa

Rain, snow, and below normal temperatures prevented planting across most of Iowa late in the week ending April 30, 2017, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were only 3.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Temperatures dropped into the 20’s in parts of Iowa. Many producers are waiting for warmer weather before planting corn and soybeans. For corn already planted, some concerns about crop emergence were reported.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 63 percent adequate, and 37 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 28 percent surplus. East central and south central Iowa have the highest subsoil moisture levels with 40 percent or more rated surplus.

Statewide, 28 percent of expected corn acreage has been planted. This is over a week behind last year, but only 2 days behind the 5-year average. Southeastern Iowa farmers have planted over half their corn acreage while farmers in the northern third of Iowa have planted less than one-fifth of their corn acreage. Two percent of the soybean acreage has been planted, 2 days behind average. Eighty-two percent of the State’s oat crop has been planted, moving 1 day ahead of the average for the first time this year. Oats emerged reached 45 percent, 1 day behind average.

Pasture condition rated 2 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 15 percent excellent. Pastures are green, but growth slowed with recent cool temperatures. There were no reported livestock issues for cows and calves in pastures, but mud issues were reported with outside feedlots.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending April 30, 2017, temperatures averaged eight to ten degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Significant rainfall of an inch or more was recorded across a majority of counties. Moderate snow, averaging two to four inches, was recorded in southcentral and northeastern counties at the end of the week. There were 3.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 10 short, 71 adequate, and 16 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 15 short, 75 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 34 percent, ahead of 25 last year, and near 30 for the five-year average. Emerged was 3 percent, near 6 last year and 4 average.

Soybeans planted was 8 percent, ahead of 2 last year, and near 5 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 12 poor, 36 fair, 46 good, and 4 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 55 percent, behind 69 last year, but ahead of 39 average.

Oats planted was 90 percent, near 86 last year and 89 average. Emerged was 56 percent, behind 68 last year and 62 average.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 9 fair, 76 good, and 14 excellent. Calving progress was 92 percent complete. Cattle and calf death loss rated 0 percent heavy, 63 average, and 37 light.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 69 good, and 9 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 1 percent heavy, 70 average, and 29 light.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 1 percent very short, 4 short, 91 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 3 short, 96 adequate, and 1 surplus.