Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 7, 2017, planting progress advanced on warmer, drier weather, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. A week beginning with rain and snow in some locations ended with daytime highs in the 80s and low 90s statewide. While planting progressed, topsoil moisture declined with the drier weather, which has persisted in northcentral and western South Dakota. There were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 23 short, 73 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 23 short, 71 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 11 poor, 35 fair, 51 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 28 percent, behind 47 last year.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 39 fair, 55 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 94 percent, near 90 last year, and ahead of 81 for the five-year average. Emerged was 71 percent, near 72 last year, but well ahead of 51 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 37 fair, 58 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was 94 percent, near 90 last year, and ahead of 82 average. Emerged was 78 percent, near 75 last year, and well ahead of 54 average. Jointed was 3 percent, near 2 last year.

Barley planted was 89 percent, ahead of 79 last year and 72 average. Emerged was 45 percent, ahead of 37 last year and 36 average.

Corn planted was 32 percent, near 35 last year, and behind 43 average.

Soybeans planted was 5 percent, near 9 last year, and behind 10 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 39 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 13 short, 84 adequate, and 2 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 7, 2017, temperatures averaged above normal across most of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warm temperatures allowed for significant planting progress and some emergence. Warm temperatures also continued to dry out the soil in parts of southern North Dakota. There were 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 73 adequate, and 15 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 77 adequate, and 14 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 23 percent, well behind 46 last year, and behind 34 for the five-year average.

Soybeans planted was 4 percent, behind 22 last year and 12 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 22 fair, 69 good, and 5 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 23 percent, behind 31 last year.

Spring wheat planted was 45 percent, well behind 65 last year, and near 49 average. Emerged was 11 percent, behind 25 last year and 20 average.

Barley planted was 39 percent, well behind 63 last year, and near 43 average. Emerged was 7 percent, behind 22 last year and 16 average.

Oats planted was 48 percent, behind 60 last year, but near 45 average. Emerged was 6 percent, behind 23 last year and 17 average.

Sugarbeets planted was 74 percent, well behind 94 last year, but ahead of 61 average.

Durum wheat planted was 24 percent, behind 29 last year, and near 26 average.

Canola planted was 16 percent, behind both 32 last year and 26 average.

Flaxseed planted was 16 percent, behind 25 last year, and near 17 average.

Dry edible peas planted was 50 percent, behind 56 last year, but ahead of 39 average. Emerged was 10 percent, behind 20 last year, and near 12 average.

Potatoes planted was 15 percent, behind 30 last year and 24 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 6 poor, 33 fair, 57 good, and 4 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 5 short, 88 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota famers took advantage of the 3.9 days suitable for field work during the week ending May 7, 2017, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The dry conditions towards the end of the week allowed for significant planting progress. Field activities for the week included spreading manure, tilling fields and planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 85 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 82 percent adequate, and 16 percent surplus.

Minnesota’s spring wheat planting advanced to 6 days ahead of the 5-year average pace to 65 percent complete, but remained behind last year’s 84 percent. Spring wheat emerged, at 16 percent, remained behind last year and the average. The oat planting progress advanced 20 percentage points to 58 percent planted. Twenty-nine percent of the oats have emerged, well behind last year’s 68 percent and the average of 43 percent. Oat conditions were 0 percent very poor, 0 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 55 percent good and 8 percent excellent. Barley planting progress was 50 percent planted, with 7 percent of the acreage emerged.

Corn planting was 35 percent completed, 16 days behind last year and 8 days behind average. Scattered soybean and sunflower planting were reported. Potatoes, at 49 percent planted, remained behind last year and the average. Sugarbeet planting advanced to 8 days ahead of the average to 78 percent complete. Pasture conditions continued to improve and were rated to 0 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 37 percent fair, 51 percent good, and 7 percent excellent.

Iowa

Drier conditions as the week progressed allowed farmers to plant corn and soybeans during the week ending May 7, 2017, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 3.4 days suitable for fieldwork. However, below normal temperatures have slowed the emergence of crops.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 82 percent adequate and 18 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 80 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus. Southwest and South Central Districts reported 25 percent or more surplus subsoil moisture.

Almost one-quarter of the State’s expected corn acreage was planted during the week ending May 7, 2017. Fifty-two percent of the corn crop has been planted, remaining over a week behind last year, and slightly behind the 5-year average. Northeast Iowa has the smallest percentage of corn planted at 35 percent, while central Iowa has the most planted at 65 percent. Seven percent of the corn has emerged, 6 days behind last year, and 4 days behind average. Nine percent of the soybean acreage has been planted, 6 days behind last year, and 2 days behind average. Planting of the State’s oat crop is nearing completion. Oats emerged reached 61 percent, over a week behind last year, but just 2 days behind average. The season’s first oat condition rating came in at 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 23 percent fair, 62 percent good and 14 percent excellent.

The first hay condition of the season rating was 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 17 percent fair, 67 percent good and 15 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 79 percent good to excellent, an increase of 3 percentage points from the previous week. Livestock conditions were reported as normal, and feedlot conditions improved from the previous week.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending May 7, 2017, temperatures averaged one to two degrees below normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Rainfall was limited to half an inch or less across most of the State. Dry weather allowed planting and other field activities to continue at week’s end. Producers started to move cows and calves to pastures. There were 3.3 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 8 short, 81 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 12 short, 76 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 48 percent, near 49 last year, and behind 55 for the five-year average. Emerged was 10 percent, near 14 last year, and behind 15 average.

Soybeans planted was 13 percent, near 11 last year, but behind 18 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 15 poor, 47 fair, 31 good, and 5 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 77 percent, near 80 last year, but ahead of 58 average. Headed was 1 percent, behind 9 both last year and average.

Sorghum planted was 5 percent, near 4 last year and 8 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 9 fair, 88 good, and 3 excellent. Oats planted was 94 percent, ahead of 89 last year, and near 93 average. Emerged was 76 percent, near 78 last year and 73 average. Jointed was 1 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 19 fair, 72 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 4 short, 93 adequate, and 2 surplus.