Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending May 28, 2017, below normal temperatures continued for many parts of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Patchy frost was reported in central counties as overnight temperatures fell below freezing Wednesday morning. More seasonable temperatures returned by the end of the week. Soil moisture condition ratings declined, as mostly dry weather persisted across the northern tier of South Dakota. There were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 24 short, 56 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 12 percent very short, 27 short, 58 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 5 percent very poor, 15 poor, 30 fair, 50 good, and 0 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 90 percent, near 89 last year. Headed was 32 percent, behind 43 last year, but equal to the five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 21 poor, 38 fair, 36 good, and 3 excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 32 percent, behind 38 last year.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 25 fair, 59 good, and 6 excellent. Oats jointed was 42 percent, near 43 last year. Headed was 3 percent, near 5 percent for both last year and average.

Barley condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 51 fair, 35 good, and 0 excellent. Barley emerged was 96 percent, ahead of 78 last year, and well ahead of 76 average.

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 27 fair, 63 good, and 4 excellent. Corn planted was 95 percent, near 91 last year and 94 average. Emerged was 74 percent, ahead of 63 last year and 68 average.

Soybeans planted was 72 percent, equal to last year, and near 70 average. Emerged was 30 percent, behind 37 last year, and near 34 average.

Sorghum planted was 29 percent, well behind 62 last year, and behind 41 average. Emerged was 7 percent.

Sunflowers planted was 30 percent, near 28 last year, and ahead of 19 average.

Alfalfa hay condition rated 20 percent very poor, 26 poor, 32 fair, 19 good, and 3 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 6 percent, behind 16 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 9 percent very poor, 17 poor, 27 fair, 42 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 3 percent very short, 16 short, 78 adequate, and 3 surplus.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending May 28, cool and dry conditions prevailed over much of the State, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Temperatures in northwest North Dakota averaged two to four degrees above normal, with some locations reporting half an inch of moisture. Across the rest of the State, temperatures averaged two to six degrees below normal and most areas received little to no rain. Some emerged crops and pastures in these areas were showing signs of stress and needed rain and warmer weather. There were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 26 short, 58 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 19 short, 70 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 30 fair, 60 good, and 6 excellent. Corn planted was 94 percent, near 95 last year, but ahead of 86 for the five-year average. Emerged was 66 percent, behind 72 last year, but ahead of 54 average.

Soybeans planted was 83 percent, behind 90 last year, but ahead of 67 average. Emerged was 26 percent, well behind 48 last year, but near 29 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5 percent very poor, 3 poor, 23 fair, 63 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 76 percent, equal to last year. Headed was 9 percent, near 5 last year.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 32 fair, 54 good, and 8 excellent. Spring wheat planted was 96 percent, near 97 last year, but ahead of 85 average. Emerged was77 percent, behind 84 last year, but ahead of 65 average. Jointed was 16 percent, near 14 last year.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 59 good, and 8 excellent. Barley planted was 96 percent, near 97 last year, but ahead of 83 average. Emerged was 80 percent, near 84 last year, but well ahead 60 average. Jointed was 11 percent, near 13 last year.

Oats condition rated 3 percent very poor, 9 poor, 43 fair, 40 good, and 5 excellent. Oats planted was 94 percent, near 95 last year, but ahead of 86 average. Emerged was 76 percent, behind 82 last year, but ahead of 65 average. Jointed was 24 percent, near of 23 last year. Headed was 2 percent.

Sunflowers planted was 58 percent, behind 64 last year, but ahead of 42 average. Emerged was 13 percent, behind 18 last year.

Dry beans planted was 64 percent, behind 81 last year, but ahead of 53 average. Emerged was 11 percent, behind 28 last year.

Durum wheat planted was 92 percent, equal to last year, and ahead of 76 average. Emerged was 57 percent, behind 73 last year, but ahead of 52 average. Jointed was 12 percent, ahead of 4 last year.

Minnesota

Cool and cloudy conditions across much of Minnesota prevented fields from drying out much during the week ending May 28, 2017, which limited farmers to 2.8 days suitable for fieldwork according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Farmers are looking for sunshine and warmer days to aid crop development and complete planting. Field activities for the week included planting, applying herbicides, and harvesting the first crop of alfalfa hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies to 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 23 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 20 percent surplus.

Corn planting in Minnesota is nearing completion, with 96 percent of the acreage planted. Eighty-one percent of the corn crop had emerged, 5 days behind last year, but 3 days ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition rated 68 percent good to excellent, down 14 percentage points from the previous week. Soybean planting was 81 percent complete, 8 days behind last year, but 3 days ahead of average. Thirty-nine percent of the soybean acreage had emerged, 5 days behind last year.

Small grain planting was wrapping up throughout the State. Spring wheat was 97 percent emerged, with 16 percent at or beyond the jointing stage. Spring wheat condition rated 96 percent good to excellent. Oats were 87 percent emerged, with 50 percent of the oat acreage at or beyond the jointing state. Oat condition rated 76 percent good to excellent. The barley crop was 88 percent emerged and 19 percent jointing, with condition rated 93 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans were 49 percent planted, 4 days behind average. Thirteen percent of the dry edible bean crop had emerged. Sunflowers were 85 percent planted, 2 days behind last year, but 12 days ahead of average. Potato planting was 93 percent complete.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 14 percent complete, 9 days behind last year and 3 days behind average. All hay condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 72 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Wet conditions kept farmers from finishing up planting during the week ending May 28, 2017, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were only 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork. There were scattered reports of corn turning yellow, and replanting of crops in areas with standing water.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 23 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus.

Nearly all of Iowa’s corn crop has been planted with only South Central Iowa having over 10 percent of the crop remaining to be planted. Corn emerged reached 82 percent, 3 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of the 5-year average. Seventy-three percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Soybean planting reached 77 percent complete, 5 days behind last year. South Central Iowa lags behind with 43 percent of the crop yet to be planted. Soybean emergence reached 39 percent, 3 days behind last year and 1 day behind average. Oats headed reached 10 percent, 1 week behind last year and 3 days behind average. Oat condition decreased to 74 percent good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 21 percent complete, 5 days behind last year and 4 days behind average. Hay condition rated 81 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition remained at 82 percent good to excellent. Although livestock conditions were reported as normal with little stress, many feedlots were muddy most of the week.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending May 28, 2017, cool and mostly dry conditions prevailed, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures ranged from three to nine degrees below normal. Some areas of the panhandle and southeast Nebraska received up to an inch of rain; however, much of the State remained dry. This allowed soils to dry out, and producers continued to plant and cut hay. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 7 short, 85 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 6 short, 86 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 68 good, and 8 excellent. Corn planted was 95 percent, equal to last year, and near 97 for the five-year average. Emerged was 76 percent, near 74 last year and 80 average.

Soybeans planted was 76 percent, ahead of 70 last year, but near 79 average. Emerged was 35 percent, near 33 last year, but behind 44 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 41 fair, 39 good, and 8 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 86 percent, ahead of 68 last year, and well ahead of 55 average.

Sorghum planted was 50 percent, near 51 last year, and behind 58 average. Emerged was 17 percent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 22 fair, 67 good, and 11 excellent. Oats jointed was 76 percent, well ahead of 55 last year. Headed was 31 percent, ahead of 20 both last year and average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 69 good, and 12 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 25 percent, near 28 last year, and behind 30 average.

Dry edible beans planted was 1 percent, behind 10 last year and 16 average.

Proso millet planted was 4 percent.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 20 fair, 66 good, and 13 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 0 percent very short, 2 short, 93 adequate, and 5 surplus.