Area USDA January 1 cattle inventory reports

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – All cattle and calves in South Dakota as of January 1, 2018 totaled 4.00 million head, up 4 percent from January 1, 2017, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.92 million head, up 8 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 1.80 million head, up 8 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 119,000 head, up 3 percent from January 1, 2017.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 980,000 head, up 1 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 680,000 head, down 8 percent from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 110,000 head, up 10 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 310,000 head, up 19 percent from January 1, 2017.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in South Dakota feedlots totaled 430,000 head, up 13 percent from the previous year.

The 2017 calf crop totaled 1.84 million head, up 9 percent from 2016.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – All cattle and calves in North Dakota as of January 1, 2018 totaled 1.86 million head, up 2 percent from January 1, 2017, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.00 million head, up 3 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 984,500 head, up 3 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 15,500 head, down 3 percent from January 1, 2017.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 440,000 head, up 2 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 240,000 head, down 6 percent from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 70,000 head, up 8 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 110,000 head, up 10 percent from January 1, 2017.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in North Dakota feedlots totaled 58,000 head, up 16 percent from the previous year.

The 2017 calf crop totaled 960,000 head, up 5 percent from 2016.

Minnesota

All cattle and calves in Minnesota as of January 1, 2018, totaled 2.35 million head, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Cattle report. This was down 2 percent from January 1, 2017. Beef cows, at 365,000 head, were down 1 percent from last year. Milk cows, at 455,000, were also down 1 percent from last year.

All heifers 500 pounds and over, at 565,000 head, were up 2 percent from last year. Heifers for beef cow replacement were up 5,000 head at 100,000 head; heifers for milk cow replacement, at 290,000 head, were down 2 percent from the previous year; and all other heifers were up 6 percent to 175,000 head.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over were down 5 percent from last year to 475,000 head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over were unchanged at 35,000 head. Calves under 500 pounds on January 1, 2018, totaled 455,000 head, down 7 percent from last year.

The 2017 calf crop was estimated at 790,000 head, down 1 percent from last year. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1, 2018, totaled 395,000 head, up 5 percent from one year ago.

Iowa

All cattle and calves in Iowa as of January 1, 2018, totaled 4.00 million head, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Cattle report. This was up 100,000 head from January 1, 2017. Beef cows, at 970,000 head, were 1 percent above last year. Milk cow inventory was up 5,000 head to 220,000 head.

All heifers 500 pounds and over were down 3 percent to 830,000 head. Heifers for beef cow replacement were down 11 percent from 2017 to 165,000 head; heifers for milk cow replacement, at 135,000 head, were the same as the previous year; and all other heifers were down 2 percent to 530,000 head.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over were up 6 percent from last year at 1.39 million head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over were unchanged from a year ago at 70,000 head. Calves under 500 pounds on January 1, 2018, totaled 520,000 head, up 8 percent from last year.

The 2017 calf crop was estimated at 1.09 million head, the same as the 2016 calf crop. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1, 2017, totaled 1.26 million head, up 9 percent from one year ago.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – All cattle and calves in Nebraska as of January 1, 2018 totaled 6.80 million head, up 5 percent from January 1, 2017, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.97 million head, down 1 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 1.91 million head, down 1 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 60,000 head, unchanged from January 1, 2017.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 1.91 million head, up 7 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 2.48 million head, up 8 percent from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 110,000 head, unchanged from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 330,000 head, up 14 percent from January 1, 2017.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in Nebraska feedlots totaled 2.77 million head, up 12 percent from the previous year.

The 2017 calf crop totaled 1.70 million head, unchanged from 2016.