Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

FF Editor
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending April 8, 2018, there were 0.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 20 short, 72 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 31 short, 58 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 14 poor, 62 fair, 22 good, and 0 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending April 8, 2018, there were 0.1 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intended to begin fieldwork on May 3. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 31 short, 55 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 33 short, 52 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 9 poor, 53 fair, 31 good, and 3 excellent.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 21 fair, 69 good, and 6 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 7 percent heavy, 72 average, and 21 light. Calving progress was 47 percent complete, near 50 last year and 48 for the five-year average.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 68 good, and 8 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 3 percent heavy, 69 average, and 28 light. Lambing progress was 68 percent complete, near 66 last year, and ahead of 62 average.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 10 percent very short, 30 short, 58 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 4 percent very short, 21 short, 74 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Minnesota

Additional snowfall and lower than normal temperatures across the state resulted in 0.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 8, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Snow cover remains widespread with much of the state reporting temperatures well below normal.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 38 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 19 percent surplus.

Pastures remain dormant as spring calving continues, while some producers struggled with dwindling hay supplies and sloppy cattle yards.

Iowa

Another cold, wet week prevented fieldwork across most of Iowa with just 0.8 day suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 8, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Isolated reports of grain transport and fertilizer application were received.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 7 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 12 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. South central and southeast Iowa moisture conditions continue to be dry with over one-third of topsoil considered short to very short and over one-half of subsoil short to very short.

Four percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 8 days behind both last year and the 5-year average.

Livestock conditions continue to be mixed. Cold temperatures and snows have hampered early spring pasture growth and continue to present challenges for calving throughout much of the State.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending April 8, 2018, there were 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 17 short, 77 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 25 short, 70 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 7 poor, 34 fair, 46 good, and 12 excellent.

Oats planted was 18 percent, behind 36 last year, and well behind 38 for the five-year average. Emerged was 2 percent, near 5 last year and 4 average.