Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending April 22, 2018, there were 0.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 11 short, 79 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 23 short, 68 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 17 poor, 61 fair, 20 good, and 0 excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 2 percent, well behind 72 last year and 50 for the five-year average.

Oats planted was 2 percent, well behind 65 last year and 54 average.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending April 22, 2018, there were 0.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intended to begin fieldwork on May 2. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 9 percent very short, 29 short, 59 adequate, and 3 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 34 short, 50 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 56 fair, 27 good, and 3 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 1 percent, near 4 last year.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 28 fair, 58 good, and 8 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 7 percent heavy, 73 average, and 20 light. Calving progress was 66 percent complete, near 69 last year and 70 for the five-year average.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 22 fair, 68 good, and 8 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 5 percent heavy, 67 average, and 28 light. Lambing progress was 82 percent complete, near 81 last year and 79 average.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 13 percent very short, 34 short, 52 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 5 percent very short, 21 short, 71 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Snow cover, additional precipitation and cooler temperatures resulted in another week with 0.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 22, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Snow covered areas were common across much of the state while those areas clear of snow were too cold and wet for fieldwork to be completed. Standing water was reported in some fields with many reports stating that frost is still in the ground. Producers kept busy preparing equipment for spring tillage and planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 56 percent adequate, and 43 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 23 percent surplus.

Snow cover, wet and frozen ground, and cooler temperatures continued to delay planting of spring crops. Spring wheat planted was reported as 0 percent complete, 13 percentage points behind last year, and 25 points behind the 5-year average. Oats planted were reported as 0 percent complete, 27 percentage points behind last year, and 31 points behind the 5-year average. Potatoes planted were reported as 0 percent complete, 21 percentage points behind last year, and 15 points behind the 5-year average. Sugarbeets planted were reported as 0 percent complete, 30 percentage points behind last year, and 34 points behind the 5-year average.

Spring calving continues despite the cold, wet weather. Some producers spent time cleaning yards and hauling manure where possible.

Iowa

The week began with below normal temperatures and counties in the northern half of Iowa received snow at mid-week before temperatures warmed to near normal by the week’s end. Statewide there were 1.5 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending April 22, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. When conditions allowed farmers applied anhydrous and dry fertilizer to their fields and seeded oats with a few scattered reports of corn being planted.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 7 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 16 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 13 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus. Northern Iowa has received an abundance of snow, while southern Iowa is in need of precipitation with south central Iowa the driest.

Twenty-three percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, almost 2 weeks behind last year and the 5-year average. Below normal temperatures have delayed oat emergence, with just 1 percent of the crop being reported as emerged, the lowest level at this time since 2001.

Extended winter conditions have delayed pasture development. Calving losses have been reported as higher than normal in areas of northern Iowa.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending April 22, 2018, there were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 18 short, 76 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 25 short, 70 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 2 percent, behind 15 last year and 9 for the five year average.

Soybeans planted was 1 percent, near 3 last year, and equal to average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 37 fair, 46 good, and 10 excellent.

Oats planted was 46 percent, well behind 79 last year and 78 average. Emerged was 15 percent, well behind 37 both last year and average.