Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending April 29, 2018, there were 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 10 short, 80 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 24 short, 68 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 13 poor, 53 fair, 32 good, and 0 excellent.

Spring wheat planted was 12 percent, well behind 83 last year and 63 for the five-year average.

Oats planted was 7 percent, well behind 82 last year and 68 average. Emerged was 1 percent, well behind 47 last year and 32 average.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending April 29, 2018, there were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Reports indicated that, on average, producers intended to begin fieldwork on May 3. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10 percent very short, 35 short, 51 adequate, and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 16 percent very short, 34 short, 48 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Spring wheat planted was 3 percent, behind 17 last year and 22 for the five-year average.

Durum wheat planted was 1 percent, behind 12 last year and 8 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 62 fair, 26 good, and 0 excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 1 percent, behind 7 last year.

Canola planted was 2 percent, near 3 last year and 6 average.

Sugarbeets planted was 10 percent, well behind 31 last year and 38 average.

Oats planted was 1 percent, behind 19 last year and 20 average.

Barley planted was 1 percent, behind 12 last year and 17 average.

Dry edible peas planted was 2 percent, behind 21 last year and 17 average.

Livestock Report: Cattle and calf conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 23 fair, 69 good, and 4 excellent. Cattle and calf death loss rated 8 percent heavy, 70 average, and 22 light. Calving progress was 75 percent complete, near 78 last year.

Sheep and lamb conditions rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 74 good, and 4 excellent. Sheep and lamb death loss rated 5 percent heavy, 69 average, and 26 light. Lambing progress was 87 percent complete, equal to last year.

Hay and roughage supplies rated 14 percent very short, 41 short, 44 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Stock water supplies rated 3 percent very short, 19 short, 75 adequate, and 3 surplus.

Minnesota

Warmer temperatures led to melting snow and resulted in 1.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 29, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Snow has melted in most fields with frost still working its way out of the ground. Farmers that were able to work in the fields were busy with field preparation, spreading fertilizer, rock picking and planting.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 33 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 20 percent surplus.

Cool temperatures, muddy fields, and frost in the ground have delayed planting of spring crops. Spring wheat planted was reported as 2 percent complete, compared with 20 percent last year, and the 5-year average of 34 percent. Oats planted were reported as 3 percent complete, compared with 37 percent last year, and the average of 41 percent. Barley planted was reported as 1 percent complete, compared with 10 percent last year, and the average of 25 percent. Potatoes planted were reported as 2 percent complete, compared with 29 percent last year, and the average of 26 percent. Sugarbeets planted were reported as 10 percent complete, compared with 45 percent last year, and the average of 44 percent.

Pastures remain dormant in the northern parts of the state as spring calving continues. Pasture conditions were rated 9 percent very poor, 16 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 40 percent good, and 4 percent excellent.

Iowa

Iowa farmers made the most of the 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending April 29, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Corn and soybeans were planted in addition to soil preparation and fertilizer application.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 15 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 5 percent very short, 14 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. South central Iowa remains dry with over one-third of subsoil rated very short on moisture.

Iowa farmers planted 17 percent of the expected corn crop during the past week, 3 days behind last year and 4 days behind the 5-year average. Northern Iowa remains wet from melting snow which has slowed planting progress, however south central and southeast Iowa farmers already have at least 40 percent of their corn planted. Soybean planting is underway with 2 percent of the expected crop in the ground, 2 days ahead of last year but equal to the average. Sixty-two percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, 8 days behind both last year and the 5-year average. Just 10 percent of the crop has emerged, almost 2 weeks behind last year.

The extended winter season has left hay in short supply for some livestock producers. Pastures in many areas need rain to spur growth.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending April 29, 2018, there were 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 22 short, 73 adequate, and 1 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 28 short, 68 adequate, and 1 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn planted was 17 percent, behind 32 last year and 24 for the five-year average.

Soybeans planted was 6 percent, near 7 last year and 4 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 30 fair, 50 good, and 13 excellent.

Oats planted was 63 percent, well behind 89 last year and 87 average. Emerged was 30 percent, well behind 54 last year and 57 average.