Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 1, 2018, there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 72 adequate, and 11 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 22 short, 66 adequate, and 8 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 3 percent very poor, 4 poor, 28 fair, 51 good, and 14 excellent.

Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 6 poor, 32 fair, 51 good, and 8 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 7 percent, behind 14 last year and 13 for the five-year average.

Winter wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 9 poor, 41 fair, 45 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 97 percent, near 100 last year, and equal to average.

Spring wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 10 poor, 35 fair, 47 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 81 percent, behind 91 last year, but ahead of 74 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 27 fair, 61 good, and 7 excellent. Oats headed was 90 percent, near 91 last year, but ahead of 82 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 82 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum planted was 97 percent, near 100 last year and 96 average.

Sunflowers planted was 91 percent, behind 100 last year, and near 94 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 33 fair, 52 good, and 6 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 1, 2018, there were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 77 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 27 short, 64 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 20 fair, 68 good, and 9 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 11 percent, near 7 last year and 12 for the five-year average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 17 fair, 69 good, and 11 excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 91 percent, near 92 last year, but ahead of 81 average. Headed was 58 percent, near 54 last year, and ahead of 43 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 22 fair, 70 good, and 6 excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 91 percent, near 93 last year, but well ahead of 69 average. Headed was 42 percent, near 46 last year.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 33 fair, 56 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 90 percent, near 87 last year. Coloring was 12 percent. Mature was 1 percent, behind 18 last year.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 71 good, and 11 excellent.

Canola condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 22 fair, 66 good, and 9 excellent. Canola blooming was 74 percent, well ahead of 54 last year and 49 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 9 fair, 15 good, and 76 excellent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 76 good, and 7 excellent. Oats jointed was 89 percent, near 91 last year, but ahead of 83 average. Headed was 58 percent, near 59 last year, but ahead of 46 average. Coloring was 1 percent, behind 7 last year.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 81 good, and 5 excellent. Barley jointed was 94 percent, near 92 last year, and ahead of 82 average. Headed was 63 percent, ahead of 53 last year and 44 average. Coloring was 1 percent, near 3 last year.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 71 good, and 7 excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 69 percent, ahead of 59 last year and 52 average.

Sunflower condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 77 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers emerged was 92 percent, near 95 last year. Blooming was 1 percent, near 3 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 78 good, and 5 excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 18 percent, behind 26 last year and 23 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 5 fair, 64 good, and 31 excellent. Potatoes blooming was 5 percent, near 7 last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 75 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 6 percent, near 4 last year, and equal to average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 7 poor, 41 fair, 45 good, and 7 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 50 percent, well behind 75 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 33 fair, 51 good, and 5 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 3 percent very short, 14 short, 78 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Minnesota

Precipitation was variable during the week ending July 1, 2018 with 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Saturated soils and standing water have limited field activities in some areas. Field activities for the week included applying herbicides and fungicides and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 63 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 66 percent adequate and 31 percent surplus.

Corn condition decreased slightly with a rating of 83 percent good to excellent. Thirteen percent of the soybean crop was in the blooming stage, 3 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of average. Soybean condition also decreased slightly from last week and rated 77 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-eight percent of the spring wheat crop was jointed or beyond. Spring wheat headed reached 73 percent, 2 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of average. Six percent of the crop was coloring. Spring wheat condition remained the same as last week with 86 percent rated good to excellent. Oats were 95 percent at or beyond the jointing stage, 6 days ahead of average. Oats were 66 percent headed or beyond. Oats condition declined slightly from last week, with 80 percent of the crop rated good to excellent. Ninety-seven percent of the barley crop was jointed or beyond, 2 days ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of average. Barley headed reached 70 percent, 2 days ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of average. Five percent of the crop was coloring. Barley condition rated 85 percent good to excellent.

Five percent of the dry edible bean crop was blooming, with 86 percent of the crop rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week. Sunflower condition decreased slightly from last week and was rated 70 percent good to excellent. Potato condition was rated 94 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 85 percent good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 91 percent complete, 10 days behind last year but 2 days ahead of average. The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 22 percent complete, 6 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of average. All hay condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 78 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Strong storms brought damaging winds and heavy precipitation to much of Iowa resulting in just 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 1, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included, assessing crop damage and harvesting hay when the weather permitted. Wind and intermittent showers prohibited spraying activity to a strong degree.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 26 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 9 percent short, 66 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus. Heavy rainfall left many fields and pastures ponded. In south central Iowa the subsoil moisture supplies rated adequate to surplus increased to 46 percent; the highest percentage in these categories since the week ending July 9, 2017.

Seven percent of the corn crop has silked, a week ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Twenty-one percent of the soybean crop has bloomed, 4 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. Seventy-six percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Ninety-three percent of the oat crop has headed, 2 days ahead of average. Twenty-five percent of the oat crop was turning color, a day ahead of the average. Eighty percent of the oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 24 percent complete, a day behind last year and three days ahead of the average. Frequent storms continued to make putting up hay a challenge this week. Hay condition rated 74 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions rated 66 percent good to excellent. Heat and high humidity continued to stress livestock. Flooding limited access to pastures and muddy conditions continued to make feedlot operations difficult.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 1, 2018, there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 77 adequate, and 12 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 16 short, 75 adequate, and 7 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 67 good, and 19 excellent. Corn silking was 8 percent, near 7 last year and 4 for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 11 fair, 70 good, and 16 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 35 percent, ahead of 25 last year and 17 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 26 fair, 52 good, and 13 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 7 percent, behind 15 last year, and near 9 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 72 good, and 10 excellent. Sorghum headed was 5 percent, near 4 last year and 1 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 26 fair, 58 good, and 12 excellent. Oats headed was 97 percent, near 98 last year, but ahead of 92 average. Harvested was 4 percent, near 2 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 22 fair, 52 good, and 19 excellent.