Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 8, 2018, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 15 short, 74 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 19 short, 71 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 56 good, and 18 excellent. Corn silking was 10 percent, ahead of 2 last year and 5 for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 24 fair, 56 good, and 12 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 30 percent, near 27 last year and 31 average. Setting pods was 1 percent, equal to last year, and near 2 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 9 poor, 40 fair, 45 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 2 percent, behind 13 last year and 7 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 35 fair, 47 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 90 percent, behind 97 last year, and near 91 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 24 fair, 65 good, and 7 excellent. Oats headed was 95 percent, near 97 last year and 93 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 18 fair, 79 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum headed was 5 percent, near 3 last year and 8 average.

Sunflowers planted was 96 percent, near 100 last year and 99 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 8 poor, 31 fair, 53 good, and 6 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 8, 2018, there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 81 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 17 short, 76 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 16 fair, 71 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 42 percent, well ahead of 22 last year, and ahead of 24 for the five-year average. Setting pods was 2 percent, near 1 both last year and average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 14 fair, 70 good, and 12 excellent. Spring wheat jointed was 97 percent, equal to last year. Headed was 81 percent, ahead of 76 last year and 65 average. Coloring was 5 percent, near 9 last year.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 71 good, and 10 excellent. Durum wheat jointed was 97 percent, equal to last year. Headed was 68 percent, ahead of 53 last year, and well ahead of 43 average. Coloring was 2 percent, behind 9 last year.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 32 fair, 58 good, and 5 excellent. Winter wheat headed was 97 percent, near 94 last year. Coloring was 46 percent, near 44 last year. Mature was 6 percent, behind 23 last year.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 72 good, and 14 excellent. Corn silking was 6 percent, near 4 last year, and equal to average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 20 fair, 67 good, and 10 excellent. Canola blooming was 91 percent, ahead of 78 last year and 74 average. Coloring was 4 percent, near 7 last year.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 9 fair, 15 good, and 76 excellent.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 10 fair, 80 good, and 9 excellent. Oats jointed was 95 percent, near 97 last year and 92 average. Headed was 77 percent, near 79 last year, but ahead of 66 average. Coloring was 5 percent, behind 19 last year and 12 average.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 14 fair, 77 good, and 7 excellent. Barley jointed was 98 percent, near 97 last year. Headed was 86 percent, ahead of 78 last year, and well ahead of 65 average. Coloring was 8 percent, equal to last year.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 18 fair, 67 good, and 12 excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 83 percent, ahead of 76 last year and 68 average. Dropping leaves was 8 percent, near 12 last year.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 71 good, and 12 excellent. Sunflowers emerged was 96 percent. Blooming was 8 percent, near 4 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 71 good, and 11 excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 56 percent, ahead of 49 last year and 43 average.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 5 fair, 74 good, and 20 excellent. Potatoes blooming was 54 percent, well ahead of 20 last year and 34 average. Rows closed was 5 percent, near 3 last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 73 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 27 percent, ahead of 9 last year and 14 average.

Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 4 poor, 38 fair, 50 good, and 8 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 73 percent, behind 86 last year, but near 69 average. Second cutting was 3 percent, near 5 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 26 fair, 56 good, and 10 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 85 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Minnesota farmers had just 3.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 8, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Scattered rain along with saturated soils and standing water limited field activities for many. Field activities for the week included spraying and cutting hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 30 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 28 percent surplus.

Eight percent of the corn crop was in the silking stage, 3 days ahead of average. Corn crop condition decreased slightly with a rating of 79 percent good to excellent. Thirty-two percent of the soybean crop was blooming, 3 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of average. Soybean condition also decreased slightly from last week and rated 75 percent good to excellent.

Spring wheat headed reached 92 percent, 9 days ahead of average. Eleven percent of the spring wheat crop was coloring, 1 day behind last year and 2 days behind average. Spring wheat condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Oats were 97 percent jointed, 3 days ahead of average with 85 percent headed, 3 days behind last year but 2 days ahead of average. Fifteen percent of the oat crop was in the coloring stage, 2 days behind average. Oats condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Barley headed reached 87 percent, 5 days ahead of average. Eleven percent of the crop was coloring, 1 day behind last year and 4 days behind average. Barley condition rated 82 percent good to excellent.

Eighteen percent of the dry edible bean crop was blooming with 85 percent of the crop rated in good to excellent condition. Sunflower condition rated 69 percent good to excellent. Potato condition was rated 95 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 75 percent good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 96 percent complete, equal to average. The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 40 percent complete, 1 week behind last year but 2 days ahead of average. All hay condition rated 81 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 79 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Warm weather and drier conditions allowed Iowa farmers 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 8, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included, herbicide and fungicide applications, detasseling seed corn and harvesting hay.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 10 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. Some fields remain ponded and have struggled to drain in the more saturated northern two-thirds of the State. In south central and southeast Iowa topsoil moisture supplies remain one-third to one-half short to very short.

Thirty-five percent of the corn crop has silked, 8 days ahead of both last year and the 5-year average. Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Forty-six percent of the soybean crop was blooming, over one week ahead of the average. Seven percent of the soybean crop was setting pods, 3 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. Seventy-six percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition. Ninety-seven percent of the oat crop has headed with 51 percent turning color, 2 days ahead of the average. Seventy-eight percent of the oat crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 49 percent complete, 6 days ahead of average. Drier conditions provided producers a window to put up more hay. Hay condition declined to 71 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions also declined slightly to 64 percent good to excellent. Heat and high humidity have been hard on livestock, but cool overnight temperatures have helped reduce stress.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 8, 2018, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 12 short, 78 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 17 short, 74 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 11 fair, 65 good, and 21 excellent. Corn silking was 31 percent, ahead of 13 both last year and for the five-year average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 67 good, and 16 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 50 percent, near 48 last year, and ahead of 34 average. Setting pods was 1 percent, near 2 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5 percent very poor, 7 poor, 19 fair, 55 good, and 14 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 25 percent, well behind 47 last year, and near 27 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 66 good, and 15 excellent. Sorghum headed was 13 percent, ahead of 4 last year and 2 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 35 fair, 50 good, and 10 excellent. Oats harvested was 16 percent, behind 23 last year, but near 12 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 19 fair, 61 good, and 13 excellent.