Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 15, 2018, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 19 short, 71 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 3 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 52 good, and 17 excellent. Corn silking was 48 percent, well ahead of 10 last year and 17 for the five-year average. Dough was 1 percent.

Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 5 poor, 29 fair, 53 good, and 10 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 53 percent, ahead of 46 last year, and near 50 average. Setting pods was 9 percent, ahead of 4 last year, and near 6 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 4 percent very poor, 10 poor, 40 fair, 44 good, and 2 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 20 percent, behind 39 last year, and equal to average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 36 fair, 47 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 96 percent, near 99 last year, and equal to average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 27 fair, 63 good, and 6 excellent. Oats harvested was 6 percent, near 9 last year, and behind 11 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 24 fair, 72 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum headed was 11 percent, ahead of 5 last year, but behind 17 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 3 percent very poor, 8 poor, 35 fair, 50 good, and 4 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 15, 2018, there were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 12 short, 82 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 16 short, 79 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 69 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 67 percent, well ahead of 38 last year and 44 for the five-year average. Setting pods was 19 percent, ahead of 4 last year and 7 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 72 good, and 11 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 94 percent, near 90 last year, and ahead of 82 average. Coloring was 28 percent, near 24 last year, and ahead of 21 average.

Durum wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 69 good, and 12 excellent. Durum wheat headed was 91 percent, ahead of 80 last year, and well ahead of 64 average. Coloring was 15 percent, near 12 last year, and ahead of 8 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 25 fair, 63 good, and 6 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 74 percent, ahead of 67 last year. Mature was 20 percent, behind 31 last year.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 68 good, and 20 excellent. Corn silking was 33 percent, well ahead of 10 last year and 11 average.

Canola condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 22 fair, 63 good, and 11 excellent. Canola blooming was 95 percent, near 91 last year. Coloring was 16 percent, near 15 last year and 14 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 10 fair, 13 good, and 77 excellent.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 1 poor, 10 fair, 76 good, and 11 excellent. Oats headed was 89 percent, near 91 last year, but ahead of 83 average. Coloring was 23 percent, behind 42 last year, and near 26 average. Mature was 1 percent, behind 8 last year.

Barley condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 13 fair, 77 good, and 8 excellent. Barley headed was 95 percent, near 92 last year, and ahead of 84 average. Coloring was 36 percent, equal to last year, and ahead of 26 average.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 69 good, and 12 excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 90 percent, near 88 last year. Dropping leaves was 25 percent, ahead of 17 last year.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 79 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 14 percent, ahead of 8 last year.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 3 poor, 15 fair, 70 good, and 12 excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 79 percent, near 75 last year, and ahead of 69 average. Turning color was 7 percent, near 10 last year.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 6 fair, 67 good, and 27 excellent. Potatoes blooming was 87 percent, well ahead of 32 last year and 56 average. Rows closed was 50 percent, well ahead of 6 last year.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 63 good, and 20 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 66 percent, well ahead of 35 last year and 32 average. Setting pods was 4 percent.

Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 29 fair, 59 good, and 10 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 88 percent, behind 93 last year, but near 84 average. Second cutting was 14 percent, near 15 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 63 good, and 8 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 10 short, 85 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Scattered rain and warm temperatures allowed for 4.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 15, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Portions of the state began to recover from flooded fields with crops showing signs of stress and some crops drowned out. Field activities for the week included spraying and second cutting of hay.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 3 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 24 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 28 percent surplus.

Forty-five percent of the corn crop was in the silking stage, 6 days ahead the five-year of average. Corn crop condition decreased slightly with a rating of 77 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 56 percent, 4 days ahead of average. Fifteen percent of soybeans were setting pods, 5 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 75 percent good to excellent.

Spring wheat headed was virtually complete with 44 percent of the crop coloring, 5 days ahead of last year. Spring wheat condition rated 86 percent good to excellent. Oats were 94 percent headed, 3 days behind last year but 4 days ahead of average. Forty-seven percent of the oat crop was in the coloring stage, 2 days ahead of average. Oats condition rated 78 percent good to excellent. Barley headed reached 95 percent, 6 days behind last year but 6 days ahead of average. Forty-five percent of the crop was coloring, 4 days ahead of both last year and average. Barley condition rated 83 percent good to excellent.

Forty-seven percent of the dry edible bean crop was blooming with 8 percent setting pods. Dry edible bean condition rated 84 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 72 percent good to excellent. Potato condition was rated 95 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 75 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 61 percent complete, one week behind last year but 4 days ahead of average. All hay condition rated 76 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 73 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Iowa farmers had 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 15, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. This was the greatest number of days suitable so far this crop year. Activities for the week included harvesting hay, scouting crops, and both ground and aerial herbicide and fungicide applications.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 11 percent short, 76 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 12 percent short, 72 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus.

In the northern two-thirds of the State flood-related nutrient loss and crop damage are a concern while drought conditions in south central and southeast Iowa persist.

Sixty-eight percent of the corn crop has silked, 1 week ahead of last year and 9 days ahead of the 5-year average. Corn condition rated 78 percent good to excellent. Sixty-five percent of the soybean crop was blooming, with 21 percent of the soybean crop setting pods, 5 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. Soybean condition rated 75 percent good to excellent. Seventy-three percent of the oat crop was turning color or beyond, with 18 percent of the crop harvested for grain. Oat condition was rated 77 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 72 percent complete, 8 days ahead of average. Dry conditions allowed hay growers to continue harvesting. Hay conditions rated 71 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions declined slightly to 62 percent good to excellent. Heat and high humidity continued to stress livestock.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 15, 2018, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 19 short, 75 adequate, and 2 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 11 fair, 61 good, and 25 excellent. Corn silking was 65 percent, well ahead of 42 last year and 38 for the five-year average. Dough was 4 percent, near 1 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 13 fair, 63 good, and 20 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 65 percent, near 64 last year, and ahead of 53 average. Setting pods was 16 percent, ahead of 9 both last year and average.

Winter wheat condition rated 5 percent very poor, 7 poor, 24 fair, 47 good, and 17 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 62 percent, behind 79 last year, but ahead of 51 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 65 good, and 17 excellent. Sorghum headed was 23 percent, ahead of 5 last year and 7 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 36 fair, 53 good, and 7 excellent. Oats harvested was 52 percent, ahead of 44 last year, and well ahead of 32 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 59 good, and 14 excellent.