Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending July 22, 2018, there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 14 short, 77 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 18 short, 74 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 52 good, and 19 excellent. Corn silking was 76 percent, well ahead of 41 last year and 47 for the five-year average. Dough was 10 percent, ahead of 1 last year and 2 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 27 fair, 51 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 68 percent, ahead of 60 last year, and near 66 average. Setting pods was 29 percent, ahead of 18 last year and 19 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 10 poor, 43 fair, 43 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 47 percent, well behind 68 last year, but ahead of 38 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 11 poor, 37 fair, 45 good, and 4 excellent. Spring wheat harvested was 7 percent, behind 25 last year, and near 9 average.

Oats condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 25 fair, 67 good, and 6 excellent. Oats harvested was 23 percent, behind 32 last year, and near 25 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 22 fair, 76 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum headed was 32 percent, ahead of 17 last year, and near 30 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 32 fair, 54 good, and 7 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending July 22, 2018, there were 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 81 adequate, and 7 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 13 short, 81 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 70 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 86 percent, well ahead of 61 last year, and ahead of 67 for the five-year average. Setting pods was 44 percent, well ahead of 16 last year and 21 average.

Spring wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 75 good, and 13 excellent. Spring wheat headed was 97 percent, near 96 last year, and ahead of 91 average. Coloring was 55 percent, near 52 last year, and ahead of 40 average. Mature was 6 percent.

Durum wheat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 72 good, and 12 excellent. Durum wheat headed was 98 percent, ahead of 92 last year, and well ahead of 78 average. Coloring was 50 percent, ahead of 40 last year, and well ahead of 25 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 23 fair, 63 good, and 10 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was 92 percent, near 88 last year. Mature was 46 percent, behind 51 last year. Harvested was 3 percent, behind 12 last year.

Corn condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 8 fair, 69 good, and 22 excellent. Corn silking was 63 percent, well ahead of 26 last year and 27 average.

Canola condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 22 fair, 65 good, and 12 excellent. Canola coloring was 41 percent, ahead of 25 last year and 23 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 8 fair, 14 good, and 78 excellent.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 0 poor, 9 fair, 80 good, and 9 excellent. Oats headed was 96 percent, near 95 last year, and ahead of 90 average. Coloring was 54 percent, behind 64 last year, but ahead of 45 average. Mature was 14 percent, behind 23 last year. Harvested was 1 percent, equal to last year, and near 4 average.

Barley condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 81 good, and 7 excellent. Barley coloring was 67 percent, equal to last year, and ahead of 48 average. Mature was 19 percent, ahead of 14 last year.

Dry edible peas condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 17 fair, 70 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible peas blooming was 97 percent, equal to last year. Dropping leaves was 47 percent, ahead of 37 last year.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 1 poor, 11 fair, 79 good, and 8 excellent. Sunflowers blooming was 28 percent, ahead of 14 last year and 11 average.

Flaxseed condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 69 good, and 14 excellent. Flaxseed blooming was 91 percent, near 88 last year, and ahead of 85 average. Turning color was 27 percent, ahead of 22 last year.

Potato condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 6 fair, 85 good, and 9 excellent. Potatoes blooming was 93 percent, well ahead of 71 last year, and ahead of 81 average. Rows closed was 59 percent, ahead of 42 last year, and well ahead of 37 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 17 fair, 72 good, and 11 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 82 percent, ahead of 70 last year, and well ahead of 58 average. Setting pods was 37 percent.

Alfalfa condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 28 fair, 59 good, and 11 excellent. Alfalfa first cutting was 96 percent, near 97 last year. Second cutting was 26 percent, behind 31 last year.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 63 good, and 12 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 11 short, 83 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Minnesota

Mild weather during the week ending July 22, 2018 allowed for 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Portions of the state began to recover from flooded fields, however, additional rainfall in some areas led to crops showing continued signs of stress. Field activities for the week included spraying, second cutting of hay, and preparing equipment for small grain harvest.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 25 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 5 percent short, 66 percent adequate and 29 percent surplus.

Seventy-seven percent of the corn crop was in or beyond the silking stage, one week ahead of the five-year average. Corn crop condition increased slightly with a rating of 78 percent good to excellent. Soybeans blooming reached 74 percent, 3 days ahead of average. Thirty-five percent of soybeans were setting pods, 6 days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 76 percent good to excellent.

Seventy-four percent of spring wheat was coloring, 6 days ahead of last year. Spring wheat condition rated 85 percent good to excellent. Oats were 98 percent headed, 5 days ahead of average. Seventy-three percent of the oat crop was in or beyond the coloring stage, 4 days ahead of average. Oats condition rated 77 percent good to excellent. Barley headed or beyond reached 97 percent, 3 days ahead of average. Seventy-nine percent of the barley crop was coloring or beyond, 5 days ahead of last year. Barley condition rated 85 percent good to excellent.

Sixty-nine percent of the dry edible bean crop was blooming with 25 percent setting pods. Dry edible bean condition rated 82 percent good to excellent. Sunflower condition rated 74 percent good to excellent. Potato condition was rated 94 percent good to excellent. Sugarbeet condition was rated 76 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 77 percent complete, 1 week behind last year but 4 days ahead of average. All hay condition rated 78 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions were rated 71 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Iowa farmers had 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 22, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Some farmers had to spend time surveying damage from the tornadoes, high winds and hail that struck parts of the State on Thursday. Regular activities included harvesting hay and applying chemicals.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 12 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 5 percent very short, 13 percent short, 74 percent adequate and 8 percent surplus. Flood-related nutrient loss and crop damage remain a concern in the northern two-thirds of the State while subsoil moisture levels in south central and southeast Iowa considered short to very short are nearing 75 percent.

Eighty-eight percent of the corn crop has silked, 1 week ahead of last year and 11 days ahead of the 5-year average. Seven percent of the corn crop has reached the dough stage, 3 days ahead of last year and 2 days ahead of average. Corn condition rated 79 percent good to excellent. Eighty-one percent of the soybean crop was blooming, with 40 percent of the soybean crop setting pods, 5 days ahead of last year and 6 days ahead of the average. Soybean condition rated 76 percent good to excellent. Ninety percent of the oat crop was turning color or beyond, with 35 percent of the crop harvested for grain. Oat condition was rated 77 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 86 percent complete, 10 days ahead of average. Drier conditions were favorable for harvesting hay. Hay condition rated 69 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions declined slightly to 58 percent good to excellent. Cooler temperatures have provided livestock with some relief from high temperatures experienced in previous weeks.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending July 22, 2018, there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 17 short, 75 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 3 percent very short, 21 short, 72 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 10 fair, 60 good, and 27 excellent. Corn silking was 82 percent, ahead of 72 last year and 68 for the five-year average. Dough was 22 percent, ahead of 8 last year and 7 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 12 fair, 62 good, and 23 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 78 percent, near 77 last year, and ahead of 71 average. Setting pods was 40 percent, ahead of 24 last year and 23 average.

Winter wheat harvested was 82 percent, behind 92 last year, but ahead of 73 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 15 fair, 66 good, and 18 excellent. Sorghum headed was 36 percent, well ahead of 9 last year, and ahead of 19 average. Coloring was 2 percent, near 1 average.

Oats condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 36 fair, 53 good, and 6 excellent. Oats harvested was 74 percent, near 72 last year, and ahead of 56 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 19 fair, 53 good, and 20 excellent.