Crop Progress and Pasture Conditions

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farm Forum

South Dakota

SIOUX FALLS – For the week ending October 7, 2018, there were 1.9 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 13 short, 71 adequate, and 10 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 27 short, 57 adequate, and 5 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 5 percent very poor, 12 poor, 19 fair, 44 good, and 20 excellent. Corn mature was 89 percent, well ahead of 69 last year, and ahead of 79 for the five-year average. Harvested was 16 percent, ahead of 6 last year, and near 13 average.

Soybean condition rated 6 percent very poor, 8 poor, 22 fair, 49 good, and 15 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 95 percent, near 96 both last year and average. Harvested was 28 percent, ahead of 20 last year, but behind 41 average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 26 fair, 67 good, and 1 excellent. Sorghum coloring was 92 percent, near 96 last year, and behind 98 average. Mature was 45 percent, near 49 last year, and well behind 67 average. Harvested was 16 percent, ahead of 3 last year, but near 18 average.

Sunflowers harvested was 4 percent, behind 9 last year, and near 7 average.

Winter wheat planted was 74 percent, near 76 last year, and behind 79 average. Emerged was 49 percent, near 46 last year, and ahead of 39 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 12 percent very poor, 15 poor, 28 fair, 42 good, and 3 excellent.

North Dakota

FARGO, N.D. – For the week ending October 7, 2018, there were 2.0 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 7 percent very short, 22 short, 63 adequate, and 8 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 11 percent very short, 28 short, 57 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 13 poor, 30 fair, 50 good, and 4 excellent. Soybeans harvested was 34 percent, behind 40 last year and 50 for the five-year average.

Winter wheat planted was 84 percent, ahead of 79 last year, but near 86 average. Emerged was 53 percent, equal to last year, and near 49 average.

Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 10 poor, 25 fair, 48 good, and 15 excellent. Corn mature was 93 percent, well ahead of 60 last year and 72 average. Harvested was 8 percent, near 4 last year and 6 average.

Canola harvested was 95 percent, behind 100 last year, and near 97 average.

Sugarbeet condition rated 0 percent very poor, 0 poor, 6 fair, 15 good, and 79 excellent. Sugarbeets harvested was 45 percent, behind 56 last year and 54 average.

Sunflower condition rated 1 percent very poor, 8 poor, 32 fair, 55 good, and 4 excellent. Sunflowers bracts turned brown was 91 percent, ahead of 79 last year and 73 average. Harvested was 9 percent, ahead of 4 last year, and near 5 average.

Flaxseed harvested was 97 percent, near 96 last year, and ahead of 88 average.

Potatoes harvested was 77 percent, near 76 last year, and ahead of 68 average.

Dry edible beans harvested was 93 percent, ahead of 84 last year and 78 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 7 percent very poor, 16 poor, 42 fair, 34 good, and 1 excellent.

Stock water supplies rated 6 percent very short, 26 short, 64 adequate, and 4 surplus.

Minnesota

Cool temperatures, clouds and rainfall were common throughout much of the state during the week ending October 7, 2018, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork. Field activities for the week included harvesting corn, soybeans, dry edible beans, potatoes, sunflowers and sugarbeets. There were several reports of the wet weather hindering harvest activity.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 61 percent adequate and 37 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 6 percent short, 65 percent adequate and 28 percent surplus.

Corn mature was at 96 percent, 13 days ahead of the five-year average. Harvest of corn for grain at 15 percent complete was over 2 weeks ahead of last year and 5 days ahead of average. Corn for silage harvest was 96 percent complete, 10 days ahead of average. Corn crop condition was rated 77 percent good to excellent. Ninety-eight percent of the soybean crop was dropping leaves, almost 2 weeks ahead of average. Thirty-seven percent of the soybean crop was harvested, 6 days ahead of last year but 3 days behind average. Soybean condition was rated 72 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-seven percent of dry edible beans have been harvested, 12 days ahead of average. Sunflower harvest was 16 percent complete, 1 day behind average. Sunflower condition was rated at 63 percent good to excellent. Potato harvest was 87 percent complete, 2 days ahead of average. Sugarbeet harvest was 41 percent complete, 6 days ahead of average. Sugarbeet condition was unchanged, at 75 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition was rated 51 percent good to excellent.

Iowa

Continued wet weather conditions allowed Iowa farmers just 1.6 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending October 7, 2018, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Activities for the week included harvesting corn and soybeans when weather permitted.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 41 percent adequate and 59 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 2 percent short, 50 percent adequate and 47 percent surplus. Recent rains have boosted topsoil moisture supplies in south central and southeast Iowa to 99 percent adequate to surplus.

Ninety-five percent of the corn crop was mature, 9 days ahead of average. Fifteen percent of the State’s corn for grain has been harvested, 10 days ahead of last year. Farmers in southeast Iowa continue to lead the way with 39 percent of their corn for grain harvested. Moisture content of field corn being harvested was at 20 percent. Corn condition rated 70 percent good to excellent. Nearly all of the soybean crop was coloring with 94 percent dropping leaves, 8 days ahead of average. Eighteen percent of the soybean crop has been harvested, 5 days behind the average. Soybean condition rated 70 percent good to excellent.

The third cutting of alfalfa hay was nearly complete at 98 percent. Pasture condition improved slightly to 55 percent good to excellent. Muddy feedlot conditions have been a challenge for cattle producers.

Nebraska

LINCOLN, Neb. – For the week ending October 7, 2018, there were 3.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 8 short, 76 adequate, and 15 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 2 percent very short, 11 short, 78 adequate, and 9 surplus.

Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 14 fair, 48 good, and 31 excellent. Corn mature was 92 percent, ahead of 81 last year and 82 for the five-year average. Harvested was 23 percent, ahead of 13 last year and 17 average.

Soybean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 12 fair, 55 good, and 27 excellent. Soybeans dropping leaves was 96 percent, equal to last year, and near 93 average. Harvested was 36 percent, ahead of 22 last year, and near 33 average.

Winter wheat planted was 87 percent, ahead of 76 last year, and near 85 average. Emerged was 60 percent, ahead of 55 last year, and equal to average.

Sorghum condition rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 48 good, and 33 excellent. Sorghum mature was 91 percent, ahead of 78 last year and 79 average. Harvested was 23 percent, near 19 last year, and ahead of 16 average.

Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 62 good, and 10 excellent.